RE: [EXTERNAL] Some braille references

It’s nice when an integral ends with the ⅆ𝑥, since you know for sure where the integrand ends. But it’s not necessary for Nemeth braille. For example, the integral

has the Nemeth braille
Here the integrand is presumed to be the fraction and no more, but that is admittedly a heuristic. I use that heuristic both for LaTeX and for Nemeth braille, since OfficeMath needs to know the integrand (as does MathType). In MathML, it’s important to enclose the integral and the integrand in <mrow>’s (although I apply the heuristic to poorly formed MathML as well).


From: Neil Soiffer <>
Sent: Tuesday, July 6, 2021 12:11 PM
To: Louis Maher <>
Cc: Murray Sargent <>;
Subject: Re: [EXTERNAL] Some braille references

I forgot to add in my last message that the reason I asked the question about integrals is because, if the Pearson statement is true, that would be a case of a non-presentation example of braille (because the 'dx's location would be different than in the presentation and hence require a little semantics knowledge).


On Tue, Jul 6, 2021 at 11:55 AM Neil Soiffer <<>> wrote:
In the pearson symbol site, it says this about integrals<>:
The integral, or indefinite integral, starts with the integral sign (dots 2-3-4-6). Then it is followed by the function and ends with dx.

I'm dubious about this statement -- what happens when the 'dx' is in the numerator? I looked in the green book, and in the section about integrals, it only has examples where the 'dx' is at the end (also true for the APH tutorial). Does anyone who knows Nemeth well know the answer?

Another practical bit I liked from that talk was a short description of "common issues in Nemeth code transcriptions" from a practitioner writing such materials

Interesting to see that she highlights the parts that I called out in my original email (makes me feel like I know more than I do :-)


Received on Tuesday, 6 July 2021 19:24:02 UTC