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Re: ACTION-152: Trim to write a paragraph mot ivating needs for provenance (Provenance Working Group)

From: Paul Groth <pgroth@gmail.com>
Date: Wed, 21 Nov 2012 12:45:49 +0100
Message-ID: <CAJCyKRqGM0E=e0zV7MT-iCVaU6Ah-DBh-TTv3kd6iTNtenTMQQ@mail.gmail.com>
To: Craig M Trim <cmtrim@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Timothy Lebo <lebot@rpi.edu>, Provenance Working Group <public-prov-wg@w3.org>
Hi Tim, Craig:

I think this would go on our entry page and maybe linked from the overview.

I really like the use cases but one thing would be good is to highlight why
or where a standard fits in.

thanks again for this!

On Wed, Nov 21, 2012 at 8:47 AM, Craig M Trim <cmtrim@us.ibm.com> wrote:

>  Hi Tim,
> That's a good question.  I don't think we had any conclusion there.  The
> target audience are potential adopters, so the overview document might make
> sense.
> -Craig
> [image: Inactive hide details for Timothy Lebo ---11/20/2012 11:37:13
> AM---Craig, The descriptions are very nice.]Timothy Lebo ---11/20/2012
> 11:37:13 AM---Craig, The descriptions are very nice.
> From: Timothy Lebo <lebot@rpi.edu>
> To: Craig M Trim/Costa Mesa/IBM@IBMUS,
> Cc: Provenance Working Group <public-prov-wg@w3.org>
> Date: 11/20/2012 11:37 AM
> Subject: Re: ACTION-152: Trim to write a paragraph mot ivating needs for
> provenance  (Provenance Working Group)
> ------------------------------
> Craig,
> The descriptions are very nice.
> Apologies, but it was a long F2F... what is the target for this writeup?
> Is it for the Overview document?
> Regards,
> Tim
> On Nov 20, 2012, at 11:00 AM, Craig M Trim <*cmtrim@us.ibm.com*<cmtrim@us.ibm.com>>
> wrote:
>    I've been working through Action 152 and have come up with 6 use
>    cases, and extended summaries for two of them.  This is still a work in
>    progress, and I welcome feedback.  Thanks!
>    Use Case Types:
>    1. Risk Management (Compliance and Reputation)
>    1. Health Care (Finding contradictory / complementary findings on the
>    same topic in medical text)
>    2. Epistemological Bias (Bias in scientic / research texts)
>    3. Expert Systems (Notions of trust and confidence in ingested data)
>    4. Supply Chain (source of ingredients)
>    5. Social Business (trust, confidence, reputation)
>    6. General Ledger (greater tranparency for auditing)
>    Use Case Summaries:
>    1. Compliance Risk (a type of Risk Management):
>       What is Compliance Risk?
>       Companies are subject to a wide range of rules and regulations that
>       apply directly to their internal operations and the products and services
>       they provide. Compliance to these regulations are essential for a company
>       to operate transparently and ethically in their particular markets. They
>       are required to prove compliance to the imposed regulations through
>       internal and external auditing processes .
>       These processes are usually manual where the auditors sample and
>       inspect the process documentation generated by the company being audited.
>       This is both time consuming and potentially subject to error. Applying the
>       Provenance architecture and methodology to business processes as they
>       execute has the potential to improve the quality of the auditing processes,
>       improve the transparency of a company’s compliance to the regulations and
>       provide cost benefits which impact profitability.
>       How can Provenance help?
>       The question of whether (or how) the content of a particular
>       electronic document has changed since its creation is very much an
>       integrity question in the security world; it is equally well a proper
>       question for the analysis for a document’s provenance .
>       An assessment of the trustworthiness of information sources and the
>       products derived from them is of fundamental importance.  Not only is the
>       trustworthiness of a source of interest, but the way in which information
>       changes as it is processed and disseminated between people and groups .
>    4. Supply Chain:
>       Suppose I had an app on my mobile phone which I could take to a
>       supermarket and could scan the barcode of a product.  From that, I could
>       get a history of its creation.  I might now want to know all the details as
>       a consumer, but for a given soup I could scan the barcode and know when and
>       where the ingredients were manufactured.
>    5. Social Business
>       Finding experts, trust relationships and reputation - goes beyond
>       LinkedIn concept of a 1st relationship.  Provenance can be used to see who
>       interacts, how frequently that interaction occurs, when and where, etc.
>    6. General Ledger
>       The General Ledger is the core component of any company’s
>       accounting system. It contains the set of “books” containing records of all
>       the financial transactions that flow through the company and therefore
>       provides a permanent record of the financial history of the company. The
>       General Ledger may contain other sub-ledgers for items such as cash,
>       accounts receivable and accounts payable. All entries posted to these
>       sub-ledgers will be reconciled and visible through the General Ledger
>       account. The set of financial transactions contained within the General
>       Ledger are periodically audited by external auditors who then certify the
>       financial health of a company; the company is then able to report its
>       financial results to external investors.
>       In addition to the transactions recorded in a General Ledger,
>       companies must also describe the processes they use to update entries in
>       the General Ledger. These transparency requirements are imposed to combat
>       fraudulent transactions that may influence a company’s financial state. In
>       this case, an auditor has not only to certify the accounts of a company but
>       also the processes used by the company in generating the accounts.
>       Enabling provenance would require the following information items
>       within a Provenance data model:
>       1. Identifiers for each General Ledger transaction
>       2. The roles and identities of users preparing, approving and
>       posting the General Ledger transactions
>       3. Timestamps recording when the individual process steps took place
>       4. Codes confirming that each process step completed satisfactorily
>       5. For security and protection against tampering, the Provenance
>       documentation can be cryptographically signed
>       With provenance enabled in the process, an auditor may pose the
>       following types of queries:
>       1. For a particular transaction in the General Ledger, did the
>       users approving the transaction have sufficient authority?
>       2. Were the defined steps in the accounting process followed
>       sequentially?
>       3. Were the supporting documents for a particular transaction
>       approved at the correct time?
>       4. Are there any transactions in the General Ledger that were
>       inserted that did not follow the necessary process?
>       5. Have any transactions been altered since they were first entered
>       into the General Ledger?
>    -Craig
>    <graycol.gif>Provenance Working Group Issue Tracker ---11/10/2012
>    01:41:35 PM---ACTION-152: Trim to write a paragraph motivating needs for
>    provenance (Provenance Working Group) ht
>    From: Provenance Working Group Issue Tracker <*sysbot+tracker@w3.org*<sysbot+tracker@w3.org>
>    >
>    To: Craig M Trim/Costa Mesa/IBM@IBMUS,
>    Date: 11/10/2012 01:41 PM
>    Subject: ACTION-152: Trim to write a paragraph mot ivating needs for
>    provenance (Provenance Working Group)
>     ------------------------------
>    ACTION-152: Trim to write a paragraph mot■ivating needs for provenance
>    (Provenance Working Group)
>    *
>    **http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/track/actions/152*<http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/track/actions/152>
>    On: Craig Trim
>    Due: 2012-11-17
>    If you do not want to be notified on new action items for this group,
>    please update your settings at:*
>    **http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/track/users/53101#settings*<http://www.w3.org/2011/prov/track/users/53101#settings>

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Received on Wednesday, 21 November 2012 11:46:18 GMT

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