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Re: Final Draft New 508 Rules, and fail cases for 1.3

From: Wayne Dick <waynedick@knowbility.org>
Date: Wed, 27 May 2015 09:13:50 -0700
Message-ID: <CAC9gL767eyYM=_AaBb8cnRAwEQ6rx=ccYXqaHfOFF4r96yWyPg@mail.gmail.com>
To: Phill Jenkins <pjenkins@us.ibm.com>, WAI Interest Group <w3c-wai-ig@w3.org>, Jonathan Avila <jon.avila@ssbbartgroup.com>
Dear Phill,
I will write you a more detailed letter on why internal application
adaptation is much better than for several types of low vision. To answer
your big question. Yes, I want federally protected access to change only
the presentation of from within applications that support reading and
writing.  But, before I get to assistive technology let me explain why my
new fail cases imply failure of 1.3.1 or 1.3.2. For my logic I use only
definitions from WCAG 2.0 and the exact wording of 1.3.1 and 1.3.2.  I do
use the fact that Turing undecidability does imply lack of programmatic

Fail Case 1: [This was 1194.22(d). It required a page to be functional
without its style sheet.  Mine is stronger it requires any presentation
specification to be removed. ]

Content that fails this criteria includes content that is not perceivable,
not operable or not understandable without support of presentation.  This
means that the information, relationships and structures that make the page
work are buried in presentation. The only way to find these issues
programmatically is to determine the meaning of the underlying program code
of the pate. That is that is formally undecidable process (Turing, The
Halting Problem) and hence cannot be programmatically determined.

Fail Case 2: A page cannot be linearized by removing presentation implies:
(1) failure of Fail Case 1 (and 1.3.1), (2) the content contains tables, or
(3) the reading sequence fails.  (There are some CSS 3 rules that permit
browser choice of formatting form elements. Perhaps some of these may
interfere with linear flow, but I have never had problems.). If a table
depends on a table structure to express its meaning (a function) then it
should not be linearized (the exception). Otherwise the table is for layout
and the New Fail Case prohibits those configurations.  Finally, if the
reading order is disrupted then the content already fails Fail 1 for SC

Fail Case 3: [I can only demonstrate this with HTML / CSS / JavaScript
One can write a reset style sheet that sets every element to its browser
default style. The code of this can be followed by user preferences of for
font, color, spacing and line length, even column format.  If this cannot
be done then the page fails Fail Case 1.

I will address AT in subsequent email.  I am a little hesitant about
criticizing ZoomText, Magic and Luna on the list.  They do a superb job for
many audiences, especially visual readers with sever and profound low
vision.  Many people who can read between 24 to 72 point font are not well
served by this software. Properly structured content (ie. does not 1.3.1 or
1.3.2) would address this issue.

All I am asking is that people in the mid range of low vision are given the
well structured data they need to access  the rendering capabilities of
their user agent. At the time WCAG 2.0 was written this seemed impossible,
but mobile phones showed that it is in easy reach.

Received on Wednesday, 27 May 2015 16:14:18 UTC

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