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RE: Digital Press Passes and Decentralized Public Key Infrastructures

From: Adam Sobieski <adamsobieski@hotmail.com>
Date: Fri, 23 Jul 2021 05:13:45 +0000
To: "Michael Herman (Trusted Digital Web)" <mwherman@parallelspace.net>, "steve.e.magennis@gmail.com" <steve.e.magennis@gmail.com>, 'Alan Karp' <alanhkarp@gmail.com>, 'Bob Wyman' <bob@wyman.us>
CC: 'Annette Greiner' <amgreiner@lbl.gov>, "public-credibility@w3.org" <public-credibility@w3.org>, "public-credentials@w3.org" <public-credentials@w3.org>
Message-ID: <CH2PR12MB4184F6364C59CF675499AC48C5E59@CH2PR12MB4184.namprd12.prod.outlook.com>

According to Wikipedia, a press pass (alternatively referred to as a press card or a journalist pass) grants some type of special privilege to journalists. Some cards have recognized legal status; others merely indicate that the bearer is a practicing journalist. The nature of the benefits is determined by the type of issuing agency, of which there are three major categories: news organizations, law-enforcement agencies, and event organizers (usually for a specific single affair like a corporate press conference). Each type of card grants different authorizations, thus it is often necessary or desirable for reporters to hold multiple press passes simultaneously.

On the topic of per-event digital press passes issued by event organizers, one might additionally consider uses of digital ticket technologies (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_ticket , https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_ticket , https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_ticketing), where a per-event digital press pass could be considered to be a special type of digital ticket provided to certain attendees who, as indicated, are probably also credentialed with at least one (digital) press pass, in another sense of the word.

Best regards,

From: Michael Herman (Trusted Digital Web)<mailto:mwherman@parallelspace.net>
Sent: Thursday, July 22, 2021 9:50 PM
To: steve.e.magennis@gmail.com<mailto:steve.e.magennis@gmail.com>; 'Alan Karp'<mailto:alanhkarp@gmail.com>; 'Bob Wyman'<mailto:bob@wyman.us>
Cc: 'Annette Greiner'<mailto:amgreiner@lbl.gov>; public-credibility@w3.org<mailto:public-credibility@w3.org>; public-credentials@w3.org<mailto:public-credentials@w3.org>
Subject: RE: Digital Press Passes and Decentralized Public Key Infrastructures

Getting into the semantics/applications of press passes, 

Press passes are often issued by thousands and thousands perhaps millions of individual events each year to already credentialed members of the different domains of press/journalists (e.g. political speeches, product announcements/launches, conferences of all sorts, emergency responses, cruise ships, vacation destinations, etc.).  The implication is: will each organizing committee will need to become their own Issuer?  10s of thousands or millions of Issuers over the course of several years.  Its not practical.  The current Issuer model doesnt scale.

Again, this is where I think the Originator-Notary VC Notarization model might be a good fit.


From: steve.e.magennis@gmail.com <steve.e.magennis@gmail.com>
Sent: July 22, 2021 7:24 PM
To: 'Alan Karp' <alanhkarp@gmail.com>; 'Bob Wyman' <bob@wyman.us>
Cc: 'Annette Greiner' <amgreiner@lbl.gov>; public-credibility@w3.org; public-credentials@w3.org
Subject: RE: Digital Press Passes and Decentralized Public Key Infrastructures


Im rapidly coming to the conclusion that from a technology perspective all we can really do is surface information to help verifiers (and to a lesser extent holders) come to their own conclusion about trusting issuers. I also believe that surfacing copious information is not necessarily better. If I fabricate shower curtain rings, I pretty much already know who the main suppliers of plastic stock are and they dont change that often. Maybe 5% of the time I will come across someone new. I concede there are use cases where issuers and verifiers are so dynamic that it is always just a mosh pit of untrusted interactions. If this is the core use case being sought (e.g. social media, blogging, etc.) , then I will happily get on board and be very eager to see where that takes us, but I think that use case comes with unique characteristics that should be seen as disproportionately important to it.

The second point Ill make is that you cant throw a proverbial rock in any direction and not hit an organization whos primary business model is maintain a list of who can be trusted to do X. Industry groups, ISO certification, educational certifications, accounting, health and food safety. Standards, memberships, audits, legal recourse. I honestly dont know much about the publishing industry and what industry groups attempt to set and uphold journalistic standards, or how effective they are especially today when the industry is trying to transform itself while undergoing pretty significant decentralization and shift in incentives and revenue. Maybe the trust ecosystem in journalism writ large is just overwhelmed by the rush that came from lowering the barrier to publish so much. Looking forward to following this.

</soap boxing complete>

From: Alan Karp <alanhkarp@gmail.com<mailto:alanhkarp@gmail.com>>
Sent: Thursday, July 22, 2021 1:56 PM
To: Bob Wyman <bob@wyman.us<mailto:bob@wyman.us>>
Cc: Annette Greiner <amgreiner@lbl.gov<mailto:amgreiner@lbl.gov>>; public-credibility@w3.org<mailto:public-credibility@w3.org>; public-credentials@w3.org<mailto:public-credentials@w3.org>
Subject: Re: Digital Press Passes and Decentralized Public Key Infrastructures

Trust is contextual.  I trust my bank with my money but not my children.  I trust my sister with my children but not my money.

Alan Karp

On Thu, Jul 22, 2021 at 1:47 PM Bob Wyman <bob@wyman.us<mailto:bob@wyman.us>> wrote:
You wrote: "A list of whos trusted and who isnt would need to include who is trusted _in_what_context_."
This reminded me of a recent discussion on StackExchange of "How is it possible that [insert known crackpot] has articles published in Peer-Reviewed Journals?<https://academia.stackexchange.com/questions/170795/how-is-it-possible-that-insert-known-crackpot-has-articles-published-in-peer-r>"
Of course, the response provided by many was that we shouldn't be surprised when someone is an expert in one context but a complete crackpot in others. (A classic example might be Hollywood actors who are often asked to expound on world affairs... Who imagines that that might be useful?)

The reality is that we can't ever say with confidence that "X is credible," rather, the best we could ever say is that "When X speaks about Y, X should probably be considered credible" and even then, we'd need to be careful to specify the time period during which we should ascribe credibility. As Buffy<https://academia.stackexchange.com/users/75368/buffy> commented on StackExchange: "someone who has done important work early on [in their career] can become a crank later in life." And, we should consider the "stopped clock" syndrome mentioned by Graham<https://academia.stackexchange.com/users/43789/graham>: Some statements may have been very credible at the moment that they were made even though later evidence or paradigm shifts made them less credible. (Should one be considered "credible" if what they said was once credible but now is no longer credible?)

bob wyman

On Thu, Jul 22, 2021 at 3:49 PM Annette Greiner <amgreiner@lbl.gov<mailto:amgreiner@lbl.gov>> wrote:
One important angle on this question is the context of a statement. A list of whos trusted and who isnt would need to include who is trusted _in_what_context_. For example, a physician who specializes in dermatology cannot prima facia be taken as an authority on heart transplants, nor vice versa. Part of the misinformation landscape weve seen of late is characterized by people getting credit for roles in which they have no expertise because they have credit in some other high-profile role. It would be a serious error on our part to develop a mechanism of people generating lists of those who they consider trustworthy without reference to context.

On Jul 21, 2021, at 9:21 PM, Bob Wyman <bob@wyman.us<mailto:bob@wyman.us>> wrote:

The best answer to the question "Who decides who is in and who is out?" is probably "Who cares? Do whatever feels good." The important thing in building a curated list is to simply build it.
Received on Friday, 23 July 2021 05:14:02 UTC

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