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Re: VC-HTTP-API - A follow up on the RAR presentation

From: Adrian Gropper <agropper@healthurl.com>
Date: Wed, 7 Jul 2021 21:17:29 -0400
Message-ID: <CANYRo8iaOipqb9aWDYVG03pQM6kJqbbRveA2+MZ3Fychad4sYw@mail.gmail.com>
To: W3C Credentials Community Group <public-credentials@w3.org>
https://www.technologyreview.com/2021/07/06/1027770/vaccine-passport-new-york-excelsior-pass/


On Wed, Jul 7, 2021 at 7:24 PM Adrian Gropper <agropper@healthurl.com>
wrote:

> Thank you Manu, Dave, and Ted for your questions. I will respond to Dave's
> question below as we wait for others to chime in on the numbered issues.
>
> Let's look at the "Vaccine Passport" use-case. It's still hot global news
> and it is also an example of privacy concerns and controversies around the
> W3C and the broader SSI community.
>
> Definition: A vaccine passport (vc) is a contextual interpretation of a
> vaccine credential (vp). It's a lucky coincidence that vc / vp parallels VC
> / VP :-)
>
> 1. Alice receives a vaccine for public health reasons without any
> specific verification context in mind. The vc / VC is available in a
> vaccine registry run by the state.
>
> 2. Alice wants to take a cruise with 1,000 strangers. The cruise operator
> wants people to be safe and feel safe. For the operator, it's the only way
> to stay out of bankruptcy. As a result, the operator's policy is that 100%
> of anyone on board is vaccinated _and_ they have had a negative Covid test
> within 72 hours. This is not an unusual context. Access to hospital
> procedures, for example, also requires a recent test regardless of
> vaccination status.
>
> 3. Alice gets tested at some lab 48 hours before boarding the cruise. This
> allows 24 hours for the lab result and a 24 hr cushion on boarding delays
> and other schedule mishaps. The test result also ends up in Alice's health
> record but it is not in the state registry.
>
> 4. The cruise operator (as verifier) has contracted with a Contextual
> Covid Passport Authority (CCPA, not to be confused with CCP as the passport
> authority in China) to provide a Yes or No answer when Alice wants to
> board.  The CCPA has some complicated method of considering the context
> (2), the vc in the state registry (1), and the test in Alice's health
> record (3). But it works well enough for all the parties involved.
>
> 5. To process for the Yes / No boarding determination, access will be
> needed to a VC from the state registry and another VC from the hospital
> that holds Alice's health records.  The Yes / No boarding determination
> itself is a third VC issued to Alice 24 hours before boarding along with or
> integrated into her traditional boarding pass. This is useful because
> nobody wants Alice to discover a problem as she's trying to step off the
> gangplank.
>
> 6. All three of these VCs from three separate issuers are available via
> VC-HTTP API. Alice hates smartphones and apps but she is willing to use
> technology to provide consent. For example, when she gets a text message on
> her feature phone saying: Is it OK for {this}? Reply Yes or No.
>
> 7. With GNAP, the cruise operator (trusted by Alice) fronts a GNAP
> Authorization Server operated by CCPA (trusted by the cruise operator). The
> cruise operator is able to send consent text messages to Alice (as in step
> 6) as appropriate and Alice is fine with that because she has a _voluntary_
> relationship with the cruise operator. Everyone is fine with that because
> the consent questions are being presented to Alice in context of something
> she more-or-less understands and expects.
>
> So, behind the scenes, we have all sorts of servers and clients and
> user-agents and maybe a mandate to do it all according to zero-trust
> architecture. There may be middlemen services and trusted microservice
> platforms. Alice's health records could be in 5,000 different places and
> her vaccine credential could be in 50 state registries. Of the 1,000 people
> on board, some are children, others are demented, and a sizable number are
> not citizens of the US.
>
> Notice that trust federations are of limited help in this situation. The
> context definition is entirely up to the cruise operator as verifier. No
> state or federal regulations are involved except to the extent access to
> the vaccination registry VC is covered by some public sector law and access
> to the health record is covered by HIPAA. Postulating that 70% of the 1,000
> passengers on the cruise has an Apple or Android phone, with or without
> some app like Microsoft Authenticator is reasonable but I'm not sure it
> helps the situation.
>
> Finally, I'm not saying this use-case can't work with OAuth2 and client
> credentials and I'm not saying that GNAP alone will fix this. What I'm
> claiming is that the success of our SSI adventure depends on not tying
> VC-HTTP API to OAuth2.
>
> - Adrian
>
>
>
> On Wed, Jul 7, 2021 at 4:11 PM Ted Thibodeau Jr <tthibodeau@openlinksw.com>
> wrote:
>
>> Adrian --
>>
>> This brief message is to say --
>>
>> The longer messages from Manu and Dave did a remarkable
>> job of covering what I was thinking, and wording it more
>> clearly than what I was drafting.
>>
>> It would (hopefully) bring me a lot closer to understanding,
>> and thus to addressing, your position if you could provide
>> some concrete answers and examples as they described and
>> requested in their messages.
>>
>> Thanks,
>>
>> Ted
>
>
Received on Thursday, 8 July 2021 01:18:48 UTC

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