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Re: Validator Test ??? bugs??

From: Frank Ellermann <nobody@xyzzy.claranet.de>
Date: Tue, 24 Apr 2007 22:41:35 +0200
To: www-validator@w3.org
Message-ID: <462E6B7F.4ADB@xyzzy.claranet.de>

CE Whitehead wrote:

> I customarily close all p elements, etc. and see no reason not to and
> nothing against it in the html 4.01 specs:

> 1.  Line 1971, Column 41: end tag for element "P" which is not open.
> <p align="left"><hr width="90%">&nbsp;</p>

The simple way to avoid such issues is to use XHTML 1.0 transitional
instead of HTML 4.01.  With XHTML it's always clear where the error
really is, with HTML 4.01 you've to know the spec. by heart, and then
no browser supports it.

A <p> cannot contain a <hr>.  Horrible HTML 4.01 therefore decides
for you that the <hr> implicitly closed the <p>.  After that the
validator will say that there's a stray </p> after the <hr>.

With beautiful XHTML 1.0 you'd get two errors, one "missing </p>"
before <hr />, and one "missing <p>" for the </p> after <hr />.

And it would be <hr /> with XHTML, no <hr> where you have to know that
it's self closing.  XHTML is explicit and obvious.  HTML is implicit
and dangerous.  Admittedly "obvious" also means "verbose", you need an
id= for any name=, an xml:lang= for any lang=, etc.  But at least all
markup errors are immediately clear.

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Something adds mortgage spam to your mails... :-(  Is that hotmail ?

Received on Tuesday, 24 April 2007 20:44:11 UTC

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