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Re: [DBpedia-discussion] Call for Ontology Editor demos for DBpedia

From: Sebastian Hellmann <hellmann@informatik.uni-leipzig.de>
Date: Wed, 5 Jul 2017 20:03:26 +0200
To: John Flynn <jflynn12@verizon.net>, "'semantic-web at W3C'" <semantic-web@w3c.org>, "'public-lod'" <public-lod@w3.org>, "'DBpedia'" <Dbpedia-discussion@lists.sourceforge.net>
Message-ID: <b2e6db3b-bdb4-8fac-4c55-17849fd39bec@informatik.uni-leipzig.de>
Hi again,

On 05.07.2017 17:58, Sebastian Hellmann wrote:
> On 05.07.2017 17:43, John Flynn wrote:
>> I have long been curious about the DBpedia ontology structure so I 
>> just took a look at the ontology represented in 
>> (https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/375401/dbo_no_mappings.nt) as 
>> referenced in the email below.
>> I normally start the evaluation of an ontology by looking at the 
>> top-down class relationships. So, I did a search for the classes that 
>> were listed as a direct subclass of owl#Thing to get a general idea 
>> of the organization of the DBpedia class structure.
>> To say the least, I was sorely disappointed. Here are a few of the 
>> DBpedia classes that are direct subclasses of owl#Thing: Food, Media, 
>> Work, Blazon, Altitude, Language, Currency, Statistic, Diploma, 
>> Award, Agent, PublicService, Disease, GrossDomesticProdutPerCapita, 
>> ElectionDiagram, Demographics, Relationship, Medicine, List, 
>> BioMolecule. I gave up after this small sample. It is obvious that 
>> the DBpedia community needs to worry a lot more about the structure 
>> of the ontology itself rather than focusing on selecting a new 
>> editor. A working group needs to be established to go back to the 
>> drawing board and look at the DBpedia ontology form the top down. It 
>> certainly doesn't make much sense as it is currently structured.
> Yes, and we are doing exactly that in a parallel process. Ideally, 
> both will be finished at the same time, i.e. clean up and new editor 
> and automatic validation of edits via SHACL/RDFUnit in a pre-commit 
> hook plus editorial guidelines and proces.

To give you a concrete idea how this will work:

The editorial guideline would state: "Thou shalt not add more top level 
classes" and below I added an example of an RDFUnit test case [1] [2] 
that finds all these classes mentioned by you.
Each commit will run this test on the continuous integration server and 
since it is an error the commit will not pass automatically. This needs 
to be run on Jena with Pellet or another reasoning enabled in-memory 
SPARQL engine.
We are discussing these test cases at the moment in parallel.

     a       rut:ManualTestCase ;
     dcterms:description " retrieves all toplevel classes, i.e. direct 
subclasses of owl:Thing and throws an error, if these are not in the 
selected list of top classes ";
     rut:appliesTo rut:Schema ;
     rut:generated rut:ManuallyGenerated ;
     rut:references <http://dbpedia.org/ontology/> ;
     rut:source <http://dbpedia.org/ontology/> ;
     rut:testCaseLogLevel rlog:ERROR ;
     rut:sparqlWhere """ {
         ?class rdfs:subClassOf owl:Thing  .
         FILTER NOT EXISTS {    ?class rdfs:subClassOf ?otherClass .
                                               FILTER (?otherClass != 
owl:Thing) .
        FILTER (?class != <top-level-class1> && ?this != 
<top-level-class2> && .....)

     } """ ;

    # snip ....

[1] http://rdfunit.aksw.org/
[2] Test-driven evaluation of linked data quality 
<http://svn.aksw.org/papers/2014/WWW_Databugger/public.pdf>. Dimitris 
Kontokostas, Patrick Westphal, Sören Auer, Sebastian Hellmann, Jens 
Lehmann, Roland Cornelissen, and Amrapali J. Zaveri in Proceedings of 
the 23rd International Conference on World Wide Web.

All the best,
Sebastian Hellmann

Director of Knowledge Integration and Linked Data Technologies (KILT) 
Competence Center
at the Institute for Applied Informatics (InfAI) at Leipzig University
Executive Director of the DBpedia Association
Projects: http://dbpedia.org, http://nlp2rdf.org, 
http://linguistics.okfn.org, https://www.w3.org/community/ld4lt 
Homepage: http://aksw.org/SebastianHellmann
Research Group: http://aksw.org
Received on Wednesday, 5 July 2017 18:04:14 UTC

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