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Re: Proposal: Anchored Resources and Hashlinks for VCs

From: Brian Richter <brian@aviary.tech>
Date: Wed, 3 Nov 2021 09:57:38 -0700
Message-ID: <CAPUZd8siHuDGF2c6paz0zwR1Bw-kwig8e-3tXFU8pMWbSXdY1A@mail.gmail.com>
To: Oliver Terbu <oliver.terbu@mesh.xyz>
Cc: Dmitri Zagidulin <dzagidulin@gmail.com>, Credentials Community Group <public-credentials@w3.org>, public-vc-edu@w3.org
This is great Dmitri, I've been looking forward to investigating chained
credentials and how we can create them.

My first thoughts when I started investigating the VC data model was that
this was what 'evidence' would be used for but I quickly realized that's
meant for a different purpose.. which I'm not sure is being used by anyone.
Wondering if anybody else had thoughts along these lines or is using
the evidence property in the wild?

Brian

On Wed, Nov 3, 2021 at 3:50 AM Oliver Terbu <oliver.terbu@mesh.xyz> wrote:

> This sounds interesting.
>
> @Dmitri Zagidulin <dzagidulin@gmail.com> would it be possible to link two
> DIDs through one VC together with this approach?
>
> Oliver
>
> On Wed, Nov 3, 2021 at 2:57 AM Dmitri Zagidulin <dzagidulin@gmail.com>
> wrote:
>
>> I've been hearing the subject of cryptographically binding links between
>> VCs and other VCs (or other external resources like PDFs) come up more and
>> more lately (it's especially been prevalent in the VC Edu community). I'd
>> like to put forth a proposal that hopefully addresses the use case, or at
>> very least starts a conversation. Motivation
>>
>>    1. Provide a mechanism with which to link multiple VCs together (as
>>    peers or as parent/child relationships).
>>    2. Provide examples of a general purpose hashlink
>>    <https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/draft-sporny-hashlink> mechanism
>>    (useful for linking VCs, but also for linking to external images, PDFs, and
>>    other files).
>>
>> Background / Use Cases
>>
>> There are many use cases that involve binding multiple Verifiable
>> Credentials together. For example, a simple Student ID credential can
>> consist of an overall container credential, which links to several
>> individual credentials (such as a student Photo credential, a proof of
>> enrollment at a particular university, a proof of age, etc).
>>
>> Note that this is different than binding multiple credentials together in
>> a Verifiable Presentation (and having the presenter sign the VP). In the VP
>> case, the binding just means "this presenter is authenticating the handing
>> over of these unrelated credentials". Whereas in the linked VC case, the
>> credentials are aware of each other, and the peer or hierarchical
>> relationship is built into the VC itself.
>> Proposal
>>
>> This proposal introduces two new related properties: anchoredResource
>>  and contentHash.
>> Anchored Resource
>>
>> An anchored resource points to one or more linked or bound resources. It
>> can appear in the credentialSubject section (which implies that the
>> resource is linked to the subject), or in the top level credential (same
>> level as issuer, issuanceDate, etc), which implies that the resource is
>> linked to the credential itself.
>> Content Hash
>>
>> A contentHash property provides a way to refer to an external resource
>> via a Hashlink.
>> Example
>>
>> Here's what this would look like, using a mock Student ID credential.
>>
>> {
>>   "@context": [
>>     "https://www.w3.org/2018/credentials/v1",
>>     "https://w3id.org/security/suites/ed25519-2020/v1"
>>   ],
>>
>>   "id": "urn:uuid:123445",
>>   "type": ["VerifiableCredential", "StudentIdCredential"],
>>   "issuer": {
>>     "id": "did:key:....",
>>     "image": {
>>        "id": "https://example-university.edu/logo.png",
>>        "contentHash": "hl:<hashlink to the logo url above>"
>>     },
>>     "name": "Example University"
>>   },
>>   "issuanceDate": "2020-04-03T00:00:00.000Z",
>>   "expirationDate": "2020-12-15T00:00:00.000Z",
>>   "name": "Student Identification Document",
>>   "anchoredResource": [{
>>      "id": "urn:uuid:<URN of the related photo id credential>",
>>      "contentHash": "hl:<hashlink to the related photo id credential>"
>>    }],
>>    "proof": {
>>       // ed25519 signature proof goes here
>>    }}
>>
>> Note the two usages of contentHash in the example. In the issuer, the
>> hashlink <https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/html/draft-sporny-hashlink> is
>> to a resolvable resource (a regular .png hosted somewhere), and its only
>> purpose is to cryptographically bind the exact version of the logo. (The
>> alternative way to do that is to embed the full image in a
>> data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAA... url. Except those tend to make
>> the VC too large for some use cases, such as fitting onto a QR Code.)
>>
>> Whereas in the anchoredResource, the hashlink is to a non-resolvable
>> urn:uuid: type URN, which only makes sense if both the student id and
>> the photo credential were presented to the verifier.
>>
>>
>> Let's continue the conversation over at
>> https://github.com/w3c/vc-data-model/issues/831 !
>>
>
Received on Wednesday, 3 November 2021 16:58:03 UTC

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