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Addition to use case & new req?

From: Linda van den Brink <l.vandenbrink@geonovum.nl>
Date: Mon, 25 Jan 2016 09:33:04 +0000
To: "Frans Knibbe | Geodan (frans.knibbe@geodan.nl)" <frans.knibbe@geodan.nl>, "SDW WG (public-sdw-wg@w3.org)" <public-sdw-wg@w3.org>
Message-ID: <13F9BF0BE056DA42BFE5AA6E476CDEFE7259913D@GNMSRV01.gnm.local>
Hi Frans, SDW WG members,

People working in semantic modelling in the Dutch construction sector have been telling me about a requirement they have for a relationship that indicates one resource is a registration of another. I.e. one is the real world thing, the other is a digital registration of (properties of) that thing. Because we have an issue around this distinction between real world thing and representation of that thing (https://github.com/w3c/sdw/issues/208 ), I asked them to write their use case down in more detail.

We could merge this use case with https://www.w3.org/TR/sdw-ucr/#BuildingInformationManagementAndDataSharing

The use case text as sent to  me is below (thanks to Nic Roest and Sander Stolk of http://www.semmtech.com):

Make different perspectives explicit for resources on the same (spatial) subject
In civil engineering and asset management settings, interdisciplinary information exists alongside each other. Such information typically overlaps and complement each other. Think of design information (CAD), geospatial information (GIS), and information for systems engineering (SE). These are produced by different pieces of software, and adhere to different perspectives - although they are quite possibly on the same subject (e.g. a specific office building or road).
Problems arise when combining information on a single subject from different perspectives, in an attempt to complement information from one with that of another. As such, terminology is needed to capture that resources may be about the same subject but follow different perspectives. To illustrate we will touch on three example perspectives on the same subject: an office building.

1.       Real-world perspective. One way of describing the office building is to identify it directly with a URI and detail its properties. Ontologies specifically geared to capturing real-life objects in such a way, using a real-world perspective, are typically called object type libraries (or OTLs).

2.       Chart perspective. Another way of describing the office building is to have a set of coordinates and describe what those coordinates on the map represent. In other words, the information is not about the office building itself but about coordinates that represent the building and how we should interpret those coordinates. In such a case, the building is captured in a charted representation.

3.       Format perspective. A third way of describing the office building could be by having it arranged in a format of which the exact semantics is not yet made explicit in the Semantic Web, such as content arranged according to an XML structure.
The aforementioned perspectives to capture information on the same office building are by no means exhaustive. What they exemplify is that vastly different perspectives of the world and its real-life objects exist. Resources that are on the same subject and are captured using the same perspective, or representation, can often be considered equal or identical. Attributes captured for the one can then be said to also hold for the other. Resources captured using different perspectives, however, cannot be deemed equals. The one resource is then, for example, a registration of the other.
If the above differences in perspective are not identified and made explicit, an attempt at integrating information from different perspectives is likely to lead to false conclusions. For instance, that a tangible office building in the real world is also a vector of coordinates, and that it has a filled out table cell called shape.
It is exactly such relations between resources, signalling differences in perspective (e.g. that one resource is a registration of another), that should be able to be captured using explicit and standardized properties.
This problem is present in several projects in the construction domain where integration of data from different perspectives plays a role. An example is http://www.rws.nl/english/about-us/doing-business-with-rijkswaterstaat/v-con/index.aspx. However, data from these projects is not currently open.


Linda
Received on Monday, 25 January 2016 09:33:39 UTC

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