W3C home > Mailing lists > Public > public-rqtf@w3.org > January 2017

Re: Topic 2: Supporting the Personalization of Web Applications - Requirements - lit review

From: lisa.seeman <lisa.seeman@zoho.com>
Date: Tue, 17 Jan 2017 16:05:52 +0200
To: Scott Hollier <scott@hollier.info>
Cc: "public-rqtf@w3.org" <public-rqtf@w3.org>
Message-Id: <159acbdb806.10539971b10641.6021924965066796157@zoho.com>
Have you seen all the work by coga on this such as our issue papers and proposed new supportive semantics?

All the best

Lisa Seeman

LinkedIn, Twitter





---- On Tue, 17 Jan 2017 12:17:24 +0200 Scott Hollier&lt;scott@hollier.info&gt; wrote ---- 

    To the RQTF
  
 Following up on my action item from last week, I’ve completed a preliminary literature review for Topic 2: Supporting the Personalization of Web Applications – Requirements
  
 Few notes: 
  
 ·         All the references are accessibility-focused
 ·         All references include discussion on web applications, disability, accessibility, personalisation and individualised approaches to technology-based solutions and have been published in the last few years. Many also specifically discuss GPII. 
 ·         The main issue relates to the technical level – it varies quite a bit so this may affect how relevant the references are to the work plan, but I’m hopeful it’s a useful start 
  
 As with my CAPTCHA reference list, could I please trouble Dave or someone to kindly put the references into the wiki?  I’ve provided them below. 
  
 Thanks everyone,
 
 
 Scott. 
   
 
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Buttony, Paolo, Borgia, Maurizio, Zuccarello, Daniel, Capuano, Daniele, De Marsico, Maria and Labella, Anna
 Year: 2013
 Title: Stories and signs in an e-learning environment for deaf people
 Journal: International Journal
 Volume: 12
 Issue: 4
 Pages: 369-386
 Short Title: Stories and signs in an e-learning environment for deaf people
 ISSN: 1615-5289
 DOI: 10.1007/s10209-012-0283-y
 Keywords: Deaf-centered e-learning environment
 Storytelling
 MOF
 UIDL
 UsiXML
 Sign languages
 SignWriting
 Abstract: An important field for model-driven development of interfaces is the consideration of users with disabilities. Interface design for deaf people presents specific problems, since it needs to be based on visual communication, incorporating unusual forms of interaction, in particular gesture-based ones. Standard solutions for model-driven development of visual interfaces lack specific constructs for structuring these more sophisticated forms of interaction. This paper discusses such issues in the context of the development of a deaf-centered e-learning environment. Sign Languages enter this context as a suitable alternative communication code, both in video form and through one of their most successful written forms, namely SignWriting.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Generic
 Author: Chen, Hui-Fen
 Year: 2013
 Title: A case study of information searching experiences of high school students with visual impairments in Taiwan
 Secondary Author: Rude, Harvey, Conroy, Paula, Bowen, Sandy and Ku, Heng-Yu
 Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations Publishing
 Short Title: A case study of information searching experiences of high school students with visual impairments in Taiwan
 Keywords: Special Education
 Education
 High School Students
 Screen Readers
 Visual Impairments
 Web
 Abstract: The purpose of the study was to provide comprehensive insight into high school students' experiences by examining their information search behaviors on the Web through G-mouse screen readers to answer academic fact-based questions. Six participants were high school students from grades 10 through 12 at a school for the visually impaired in Taiwan. They were selected by using purposeful sampling based on their use of G-mouse screen reader and experience in searching information on the Web. Qualitative research methods and case study design were used to provide detailed descriptions of participants' information searching behaviors and to learn about their understanding of accessibility and usability issues. Four sources of data collected from pre-task interviews, observations, online information search task sessions, and post-task interviews were transcribed and analyzed. This study identified information search behaviors of the participants on the Web using G-mouse screen reader and challenges they encountered during the information searching process as well as the strategies they used to overcome these challenges. Regarding the participants' action, the participants skimmed through a web page by jumping from link to link and scanning the first few words of a link. By using limited of use of G-mouse keyboard commands, the participants only looked at the first page of search results but visited more than one website per task. In relation to the participants' cognition, they chose a search engine/port or a specific website to search for information. After the participants got oriented to the search edit box automatically or by tabbing to it, they formulated the first search query from the task description and then modified the search queries with new terms found from result pages or web pages. The participants examined the search result lists based on the page title and browsed the textual content of a website by jumping through links and reading through the entire page. The participants faced six accessibility and usability problems, including graphics, Flash and tables without text alternative, navigation menu at the top, inappropriate labeling of links, the structure of specific websites, and excessive information. Searching information on the Web became a challenge for the participants when G-mouse screen reader failed to pronounce English words in an understandable way, to give indication when a web page had finished loading, and to provide sufficient feedback to verify the participants' actions. The obstacles encountered by the participants could be caused by individual's insufficient search competence, including not having the conceptual model of a web page's layout and strategies to deal with information overload. When the participants experienced problems on the Web, they employed six strategies, including note-taking, trial and error, backtracking, looking for assistance, skipping, and giving up. The recommendations for screen reader developers are to support automatic term suggestions, to provide the overview of content arrangement, and to provide a non-speech notification for a content change. The recommendations for web designers are to include auditory previews and overviews for search engines, and to provide support in keeping track of information. The recommendations for educators are to provide training in formulating effective search queries, overcoming information overload, and building mental models, and to provide students with opportunities to share experience. Future research is also discussed.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Chourasia, Amrish, Nordstrom, Dan and Vanderheiden, Gregg
 Year: 2014
 Title: State of the science on the Cloud, accessibility, and the future
 Journal: International Journal
 Volume: 13
 Issue: 4
 Pages: 483-495
 Short Title: State of the science on the Cloud, accessibility, and the future
 ISSN: 1615-5289
 DOI: 10.1007/s10209-013-0345-9
 Keywords: Universal design
 Auto-personalization
 Cloud computing
 Accessibility architecture
 Abstract: A state of the science conference on the Cloud, accessibility and the future was held at the University of Wisconsin–Madison on September 21 and 22, 2013. The desired outcomes of the conference were a better understanding of current and emerging issues around digital inclusion, a better understanding of where things are going, and what strategies for effectively addressing inclusion in the rapidly changing world we live in might be. Speaker presentations were pre-recorded and posted on YouTube ® . During the conference, participants discussed the issues raised in these presentations and other topics. Topics discussed included the threefold emerging threat to ICT inclusion
 the approaching ICT/web/Cloud inflection point—and how it changes existing rules
 Cloud-based auto-personalization as an approach to inclusion (concept, status of implementation and plans)
 security and privacy, risks and options, related to personalization and Cloud-based solutions
 non-technical issues and realities in national and global deployment and use of technical solutions
 providing the tools necessary for industry to build accessibility into next and next–next generation everyday products
 globally realistic/affordable approaches to scaling, sustainability and propagation
 impact of digital inclusion on national prosperity, education and literacy
 need for Cloud-based solutions in government services, health, voting, education, etc., and the demands these areas may impose on solutions. The summaries for the speaker presentations and recommendations regarding research, policy and education generated during the conference are presented in this paper.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Generic
 Author: Duggan, Erin
 Year: 2015
 Title: ux-rule: A JavaScript framework for dynamic and static accessibility testing of webpages
 Secondary Author: Yeh, Tom, Kane, Shaun and Chang, Evan
 Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations Publishing
 Short Title: ux-rule: A JavaScript framework for dynamic and static accessibility testing of webpages
 Keywords: Web Studies
 Computer Science
 Communication and the Arts
 Applied Sciences
 Accessibility
 Automated Testing
 Javascript
 Abstract: The Internet is designed to disseminate information to the widest group of people possible. In recent years, this group has been expanded to include people with disabilities through the use of a number of tools. In order to support this, websites need to be designed as accessible and require testing to ensure that they are accessible. The ux-rule framework is an automated accessibility testing framework designed for use by website programmers to do both static and dynamic analysis. It establishes a rule syntax for specifying tests that is based on imperative programming language syntax so that rules can be added or modified easily to meet any other requirements in addition to accessibility guidelines. The resulting package is open source and free to reach the largest number of potential users outside of commercial environments. By meeting these goals it fills in some of the limitations of other existing tools, primarily cost, custom rule specification, and dynamic testing.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Ellcessor, Elizabeth
 Year: 2014
 Title: &lt;ALT=“Textbooks”&gt;: Web Accessibility Myths as Negotiated Industrial Lore 
 Journal: Critical Studies in Media Communication
 Pages: 1-16
 Short Title: &lt;ALT=“Textbooks”&gt;: Web Accessibility Myths as Negotiated Industrial Lore 
 ISSN: 1529-5036
 DOI: 10.1080/15295036.2014.919660
 Keywords: Disability Studies
 Accessibility
 Critical Media Industry Studies
 Internet History
 Abstract: Web content accessibility, the practices by which web content is made usable by people with a variety of disabilities, is growing in importance and visibility. Currently, however, there are few formalized paths for accessibility training, leading many professionals to self-educate using textbooks, websites, and social media, which exert significant power over the meanings and practices of accessibility. In this paper, I analyze over 40 web references published between 1997 and 2012, and focus particularly on the genre of the “web accessibility myth list,” in which authors list misconceptions about accessibility and debunk them. These myth lists exert productive power within the industry and serve as a space of contestation. Myth lists encourage the production of professionalized, neoliberal worker identities, create community by reinforcing accessibility's historically oppositional relationship to web design, and promote conflicting ideologies of disability. Ultimately, study of this professional community indicates that industry studies can reveal the contexts not only of media texts, but of the conditions of media access itself.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Generic
 Author: Fodness, Kevin
 Year: 2016
 Title: Disability and Cyberspace: The Politics of Inclusion &amp; Exclusion in Web Development Groups
 Secondary Author: Eglash, Ron, Nieusma, Dean, Kinchy, Abby, Ladner, Richard and Winner, Langdon
 Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations Publishing
 Short Title: Disability and Cyberspace: The Politics of Inclusion &amp; Exclusion in Web Development Groups
 Keywords: Information Technology
 Web Studies
 Organizational Behavior
 Social Sciences
 Communication and the Arts
 Applied Sciences
 Ableism
 Accessibility
 Disability
 Synergistic Enablement
 Web Design
 Web Development
 Abstract: This dissertation attempts to answer the question “how can the online experiences of disabled people in the United States be improved?” To that end, it explores why the web is such an inaccessible place, including the extent to which accessibility is taught in higher education, the extent to which accessibility is valued as a part of good development practice, and what—if any—overlaps exist between making websites accessible and other desirable outcomes. I draw on my own 20-year history as a professional and hobbyist full-stack web developer, as well as a survey of 330 web developers, and 20 semi-structured interviews of web developers, designers, strategists, project managers, entrepreneurs, and user experience researchers that are part of my professional network in order to examine this question from multiple angles and in depth. I examine my informants' responses through the lens of ableism and the social model of disability, but posit that the complexities of modern web development are not so easily captured in either of those theories, and require a more nuanced view. I extend and challenge Helen Kennedy's (2012) Net Work: Ethics and Values in Web Design by more deeply addressing the responsive design trends of recent years and demonstrating the differences between web development in the U.K. and web development in the U.S. Finally, I posit that synergistic enablement is an example of a utilitarian approach to making the web more accessible—rhetorically and technologically tying accessibility to outcomes that may be more financially or politically desirable within capitalist organizations, such as optimizing websites for search visibility.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Fogli, Daniela, Parasiliti Provenza, Loredana and Bernareggi, Cristian
 Year: 2014
 Title: A universal design resource for rich Internet applications based on design patterns
 Journal: International Journal
 Volume: 13
 Issue: 2
 Pages: 205-226
 Short Title: A universal design resource for rich Internet applications based on design patterns
 ISSN: 1615-5289
 DOI: 10.1007/s10209-013-0291-6
 Keywords: Accessibility
 Universal design
 Design pattern
 Rich Internet application
 Abstract: Rich Internet applications have removed most of the constraints of Web 1.0 while giving users more responsiveness and advanced browsing and interaction experiences. These new horizons, however, raise many challenges for people with disabilities or using limited hardware and software technologies, whose risk to be excluded from the benefits deriving from advanced web applications. To address this problem, WCAG 2.0 guidelines have been released as the newest World Wide Web Consortium recommendation for accessible web content, and WAI-ARIA is a candidate recommendation which provides reference specifications for accessible rich Internet applications. However, both specifications contain a huge amount of information that often discourages most web designers from dealing with accessibility issues. Moreover, guidelines are suitable and usually adopted to judge a design solution a posteriori, but they do not suggest how to face a design problem constructively. This paper proposes a design pattern language for accessibility. The language can be regarded as a universal design resource for helping web designers create accessible rich Internet applications compliant with the most recent standards. Knowledge representation through design patterns reflects the problem-solving approach usually followed by software and web designers, while pattern organization in a structured language aims to guide web designers throughout the design process. The language has been implemented as an accessible rich Internet application itself, thus allowing designers with disabilities to participate in web design. In order to evaluate the design pattern language, a three-step process was carried out including: (1) a heuristic analysis with a group of human–computer interaction experts, (2) a survey study with a group of web designers, and (3) a validation on the field with two designers who have been requested to apply the language in real design cases.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Forczek, Erzsébet, Makra, Péter, Lanyi, Cecilia and Bari, Ferenc
 Year: 2015
 Title: The Internet as a New Tool in the Rehabilitation Process of Patients-Education in Focus
 Journal: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
 Volume: 12
 Issue: 3
 Pages: 2373-2391
 Short Title: The Internet as a New Tool in the Rehabilitation Process of Patients-Education in Focus
 ISSN: 1661-7827
 Keywords: Information Management
 Medical Databases
 Health Informatics
 Internet
 Abstract:  In the article we deal with the rehabilitation of patients using information technology, especially Internet support. We concentrate on two main areas in the IT support of rehabilitation: one of them is the support for individual therapy, the other one is providing patients with information, which is the basic step in emphasising individual responsibility. In the development of rehabilitation programmes, the knowledge of the IT professional and the therapist, in the IT support of web guidance, medical expertise plays the primary role. The degree of assistance involved in the rehabilitation process depends on the IT knowledge of medical (general practitioner, nursing staff) professionals as well. The necessary knowledge required in healing and development processes is imparted to professionals by a special (full-time) university training. It was a huge challenge for us to teach web-based information organisation skills to doctors and nurses, and it is also a complex task to put forward such an IT viewpoint to information specialists in order to create the foundations of the cooperation between IT and healthcare professionals.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Garcia, Boni, Gomez, Ana, Conde, Rafael and Hernandez, Yolanda
 Year: 2015
 Title: Breaking the Web Barriers of the e-Administration Using an Accessible Digital Certificate Based on a Cryptographic Token
 Journal: Advances in Software Engineering
 Short Title: Breaking the Web Barriers of the e-Administration Using an Accessible Digital Certificate Based on a Cryptographic Token
 ISSN: 16878655
 DOI: 10.1155/2015/568087
 Abstract:  The purpose of developing e-Government is to make public administrations more efficient and transparent and to allow citizens to more comfortably and effectively access information. Such benefits are even more important to people with a physical disability, allowing them to reduce waiting times in procedures and travel. However, it is not in widespread use among this group, as they not only harbor the same fears as other citizens, but also must cope with the barriers inherent to their disability. This research proposes a solution to help persons with disabilities access e-Government services. This work, in cooperation with the Spanish Federation of Spinal-Cord Injury Victims and the Severely Disabled, includes the development of a portal specially oriented towards people with disabilities to help them locate and access services offered by Spanish administrations. Use of the portal relies on digital authentication of users based on X.509, which are found in identity cards of Spanish citizens. However, an analysis of their use reveals that this feature constitutes a significant barrier to accessibility. This paper proposes a more accessible solution using a USB cryptographic token that can conceal from users all complexity entailed in access to certificate-based applications, while assuring the required security.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Garrido, Alejandra, Rossi, Gustavo, Medina, Nuria, Grigera, Julián and Firmenich, Sergio
 Year: 2014
 Title: Improving accessibility of Web interfaces: refactoring to the rescue
 Journal: International Journal
 Volume: 13
 Issue: 4
 Pages: 387-399
 Short Title: Improving accessibility of Web interfaces: refactoring to the rescue
 ISSN: 1615-5289
 DOI: 10.1007/s10209-013-0323-2
 Keywords: Accessibility
 Web applications
 Refactoring
 Reengineering
 Abstract: Universal access should be a target for all public Web sites. However, it is very hard to achieve, and even Web applications that comply with accessibility standards may still lack usability for disabled users. This paper proposes refactoring as an essencial technique to incrementally improve the accessibility and usability of a Web interface. Some accessibility refactorings are described and classified by the problems that each refactoring addresses. The way mainstream Web sites struggle with accessibility is illustrated, and two evaluations of email clients are presented as empirical evidence of the significance of accessibility refactorings at a low implementation cost.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Garrido, Alejandra, Rossi, Gustavo, Medina, Nuria, Grigera, Julián and Firmenich, Sergio
 Year: 2014
 Title: Improving accessibility of Web interfaces: refactoring to the rescue
 Journal: International Journal
 Volume: 13
 Issue: 4
 Pages: 387-399
 Short Title: Improving accessibility of Web interfaces: refactoring to the rescue
 ISSN: 1615-5289
 DOI: 10.1007/s10209-013-0323-2
 Keywords: Accessibility
 Web applications
 Refactoring
 Reengineering
 Abstract: Universal access should be a target for all public Web sites. However, it is very hard to achieve, and even Web applications that comply with accessibility standards may still lack usability for disabled users. This paper proposes refactoring as an essencial technique to incrementally improve the accessibility and usability of a Web interface. Some accessibility refactorings are described and classified by the problems that each refactoring addresses. The way mainstream Web sites struggle with accessibility is illustrated, and two evaluations of email clients are presented as empirical evidence of the significance of accessibility refactorings at a low implementation cost.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Generic
 Author: Genc, Yegin
 Year: 2014
 Title: Exploring content with semantic transformations using collaborative knowledge bases
 Secondary Author: Nickerson, Jeffrey V., Hua, Gang, Lappas, Theodoros and Mason, Winter
 Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations Publishing
 Short Title: Exploring content with semantic transformations using collaborative knowledge bases
 Keywords: Statistics
 Web Studies
 Information Science
 Pure Sciences
 Communication and the Arts
 Collaborative Knowledge Bases
 Exploratory Searches
 Search Queries
 Wikipedia
 Abstract: We sometimes search content for simple facts. Other times we search for relationships between concepts. While existing information retrieval systems work well for simple searches, they are less satisfying for complex inquiries because of the ill-structured nature of many searches and the cognitive load involved in the search process. This research proposes a model to improve content exploration by leveraging the network of concepts that are maintained by collaborative knowledge bases such as Wikipedia. The model considers exploratory search inquires as networks of concepts, and concepts as collections of words that sum up to explicit definitions. By mapping documents to concepts extracted from search inquires, we can discover and leverage relations that are implicit and at times hidden in context. This research has examined the performance of this approach in three exploratory search tasks. The first study aimed to discover context in social media content by classifying short messages into their topics. The second study focused on finding similar but diverse document collections among scholarly article abstracts. The model provides significant improvements over the previous state of the art in both tasks. The final study aimed to contrast a ranking algorithm using this method with a state of the art keyword based search algorithm. In this experimental study, human actors were asked to take the role of a researcher conducting literature review. The findings revealed conditions in which such a ranking algorithm can outperform keyword based searches in the context of exploratory search.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Gonçalves, Ramiro, Martins, José, Pereira, Jorge, Oliveira, Manuel and Ferreira, João
 Year: 2013
 Title: Enterprise Web Accessibility Levels Amongst the Forbes 250: Where Art Thou O Virtuous Leader?
 Journal: Journal of Business Ethics
 Volume: 113
 Issue: 2
 Pages: 363-375
 Short Title: Enterprise Web Accessibility Levels Amongst the Forbes 250: Where Art Thou O Virtuous Leader?
 ISSN: 01674544
 DOI: 10.1007/s10551-012-1309-3
 Keywords: World Wide Web
 Web Sites
 Internet Access
 Studies
 Telecommunications Systems &amp; Internet Communications
 Experimental/Theoretical
 Abstract:  The research team measured the enterprise web accessibility levels of the Forbes 250 largest enterprises using the fully automatic accessibility evaluation tool Sortsite, and presented the compliance of the evaluated websites to WCAG 1.0, WCAG 2.0 and Section 508 accessibility levels. Given the recent attention to organizational leaders having ethical duties towards their dedicated employees, we propose that â[euro] societal citizenship behaviourâ[euro](TM) concerns ethical duties of organizational leaders towards society in general and in particular to those who have less means to assert their needs. In effect, we found enterprise website accessibility levels to be in need of significant improvement. An interpretation of a positive path forward to better enterprise website accessibility levels is put forth based on a focus-group interaction and using BNMLâ[euro]"a novel Business Narrative Modelling Language.[PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]
  
  
 Reference Type:  Generic
 Author: Hoehl, Jeffery
 Year: 2016
 Title: Exploring Web Simplification for People with Cognitive Disabilities
 Secondary Author: Lewis, Clayton, Basman, Antranig, Braddock, David, Palen, Leysia, Tanis, Shea and Yeh, Tom
 Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations Publishing
 Short Title: Exploring Web Simplification for People with Cognitive Disabilities
 Keywords: Cognitive Psychology
 Computer Science
 Applied Sciences
 Psychology
 Accessibility
 Cognitive Disabilities
 Human Computer Computing
 Human Computer Interaction
 Web Accessibility
 Web Simplification
 Abstract: The web has become more than a supplementary information resource but a valuable and pervasive tool for nearly all aspects of daily life including social and community participation, health promotion, creative pursuits, education, and employment opportunity. However, the web is not yet easily accessible to all people, particularly those with cognitive disabilities who encounter many challenges with access and use of the web including limited accessibility of online content and difficulty with content comprehension. Furthermore, little is documented about how individuals with cognitive disabilities who currently use the web are overcoming or being inhibited by these challenges. Much of what is documented is anecdotal or generalized as broad technical guidance rather than providing methods to empower individual end users. This research explores which websites people with cognitive disabilities use and do not use and what challenges and successes they encounter with those websites. We developed the SimpleWebAnywhere tool to address the above research needs and serve as a technology probe to determine how content simplification affects web use by people with cognitive disabilities. We explored personalizable content transformation techniques, including advertisement removal, content extraction, and text to speech, to make webpages easier to use and comprehend. We found that many people with cognitive disabilities frequently access the web for long periods of time despite popular opinion to the contrary. Web access is preferred via mobile platforms, such as smartphones and tablet computers. Users had a strong preference for entertainment content largely comprised of images, videos, and games but did not necessarily have difficulty using or understanding long, complex textual content. An intercommunity approach of combining existing open source software to provide personalized content manipulations was found to be an effective method to improve web accessibility for people with cognitive disabilities.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Iglesias, Ana, Jiménez, Javier, Revuelta, Pablo and Moreno, Lourdes
 Year: 2014
 Title: Avoiding communication barriers in the classroom: the APEINTA project
 Journal: Interactive Learning Environments
 Pages: 1-15
 Short Title: Avoiding communication barriers in the classroom: the APEINTA project
 ISSN: 1049-4820
 DOI: 10.1080/10494820.2014.924533
 Keywords: Inclusive Education
 Education For All
 Real-Time Captioning
 Text-To-Speech Services
 Students With Special Needs
 Abstract: Education is a fundamental human right, however unfortunately not everybody has the same learning opportunities. For instance, if a student has hearing impairments, s/he could face communications barriers in the classroom, which could affect his/her learning process. APEINTA is a Spanish educational project that aims for inclusive education for all. This project proposes two main accessible initiatives: (1) real-time captioning and text-to-speech (TTS) services in the classroom and (2) accessible Web-learning platform out of the classroom with accessible digital resources. This paper presents the inclusive initiatives of APEINTA. Also an evaluation of the into-the-classroom initiative (real-time captioning and TTS services) is presented. This evaluation has been conducted during a regular undergraduate course at a university and during a seminar at an integration school for deaf children. Forty-five hearing students, 1 foreign student, 3 experts in captioning, usability and accessibility, and 20 students with hearing impairments evaluated these services in the classroom. Evaluation results show that these initiatives are adequate to be used in the classroom and that students are satisfied with them.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Kelle, Sebastian, Henka, Alexander and Zimmermann, Gottfried
 Year: 2015
 Title: A Persona-based Extension for Massive Open Online Courses in Accessible Design
 Journal: Procedia Manufacturing
 Volume: 3
 Pages: 3663-3668
 Short Title: A Persona-based Extension for Massive Open Online Courses in Accessible Design
 ISSN: 2351-9789
 DOI: 10.1016/j.promfg.2015.07.772
 Keywords: Moocs
 E-Learning
 Accessibility
 Peer-Based Learning
 Abstract: In this paper, we present a new participatory design for learning, developed in the context of a transnational initiative for creating Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) on Accessible Design for ICT. The core idea is creating an additional learning benefit by means of immersive learning experience. This is achieved by simulating scenarios, in which the participants in the MOOC course are prompted to take on the role of accessible media author, and user, vice versa. The approach is based on the concept of “personas”, a user centered design methodology that illustrates practical needs by portraying realistic personal profiles of hypothetical characters.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Kim, Jong-Hyoun, Cho, Teresa and Cho, Yong-Sang
 Year: 2015
 Title: A Design of Content Accessibility Platform accepting User Preferences under Cloud Environment
 Journal: International Journal of Digital Content Technology and its Applications
 Volume: 9
 Issue: 1
 Pages: 14-22
 Short Title: A Design of Content Accessibility Platform accepting User Preferences under Cloud Environment
 ISSN: 19759339
 Abstract:  The meaning and coverage of content accessibility is expanding. The term disability has been redefined as a mismatch between the needs of the user and the service offered. It migrates to and focuses on personalization for the disability. It enlarges the territories from stand-alone service to cloud-based one. The most important thing to deliver personalized contents is how to define, store, retrieve and match user preferences. To realize this personalization needs, we propose the descriptive model and conceptual platform of content accessibility. We newly define accessibility as function of three entities (Resource, User, and Processor) and its relationships specified in our descriptive model. Based on this model we design the four layered platform
 Authoring, Adjusting, Processing and Browsing Layer. The setting and matching of user preference metadata are explained more clearly thru our designed UI Options Framework and Preferences Framework. We are sure that our proposal will render great services to digital textbook delivery based on EPUB3 and to cyber homeschooling, where learner may access digital materials as personalized or tailored form.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Lorca, Pedro, Andrés, Javier and Martínez, Ana
 Year: 2016
 Title: Does Web accessibility differ among banks?
 Journal: Internet and Web Information Systems
 Volume: 19
 Issue: 3
 Pages: 351-373
 Short Title: Does Web accessibility differ among banks?
 ISSN: 1386-145X
 DOI: 10.1007/s11280-014-0314-0
 Keywords: Web accessibility
 Firm size
 Firm performance
 Ownerships structure
 Banks
 Corporate social responsibility
 Abstract: Web Accessibility (WA) is an attribute that must be taken increasingly into account in the design of websites. In this paper we assess on whether the drivers of more accessible online information differ among banks using a structural equation modelling approach. It is concluded that Web Accessibility (WA) implementation is an important and affordable way that could be used to increase the possibilities to explore online information and to meet the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) demands of stakeholders. Our results show that smaller banks are more prone to WA implementation, which may help them to differentiate from its competitors and create strategic advantages.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Lourdes, Moreno and Paloma, Martinez
 Year: 2013
 Title: Overlapping factors in search engine optimization and web accessibility
 Journal: Online Information Review
 Volume: 37
 Issue: 4
 Pages: 564-580
 Short Title: Overlapping factors in search engine optimization and web accessibility
 ISSN: 1468-4527
 DOI: 10.1108/OIR-04-2012-0063
 Keywords: Search engines
 Internet
 Web accessibility
 Corporate social responsibility
 World Wide Web
 Abstract: &lt;B&gt;Purpose&lt;/B&gt; – The purpose of this paper is to show that the pursuit of a high search engine relevance ranking for a webpage is not necessarily incompatible with the pursuit of web accessibility. &lt;B&gt;Design/methodology/approach&lt;/B&gt; – The research described arose from an investigation into the observed phenomenon that pages from accessible websites regularly appear near the top of search engine (such as Google) results, without any deliberate effort having been made through the application of search engine optimization (SEO) techniques to achieve this. The reasons for this phenomenon appear to be found in the numerous similarities and overlapping characteristics between SEO factors and web accessibility guidelines. Context is provided through a review of sources including accessibility standards and relevant SEO studies and the relationship between SEO and web accessibility is described. The particular overlapping factors between the two are identified and the precise nature of the overlaps is explained in greater detail. &lt;B&gt;Findings&lt;/B&gt; – The available literature provides firm evidence that the overlapping factors not only serve to ensure the accessibility of a website for all users, but are also useful for the optimization of the website's search engine ranking. The research demonstrates that any SEO project undertaken should include, as a prerequisite, the proper design of accessible web content, inasmuch as search engines will interpret the web accessibility achieved as an indicator of quality and will be able to better access and index the resulting web content. &lt;B&gt;Originality/value&lt;/B&gt; – The present study indicates how developing websites with high visibility in search engine results also makes their content more accessible.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Marcelino, Isabel, Laza, Rosalía, Fdez-Riverola, Florentino and Pereira, António
 Year: 2015
 Title: Removing Barriers to Promote Social Computing among Senior Population
 Journal: International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks
 Volume: 11
 Issue: 10
 Short Title: Removing Barriers to Promote Social Computing among Senior Population
 ISSN: 1550-1477
 DOI: 10.1155/2015/820349
 Abstract: Smartphones and tablets proliferation enabled by accessible prices and also by the inclusion of sensing abilities promotes their use in several areas, such as healthcare. It opens new horizons in the field of continuous and noninvasive monitoring and support to population, namely, to seniors. Despite the great benefits that mobile sensing and social computing could provide to increase elderly's quality of life, many studies have shown that elderlies deal with difficulty with Information and Communication Technology (ICT). In this paper we present a solution to overcome barriers between elderlies and their ICT usage in order to potentiate all the benefits provided from mobile sensing and social computing. A survey on guidelines, standards, and advice regarding usability and accessibility issues when developing solutions for elderly people was carried out. This survey was made having in mind that senior population have singular requirements due to age related changes and also frequently technological illiteracy. We have identified and applied the most important guidelines to our solution. A prototype was made using responsive design in order to be adaptable to any type of devices. Regarding evaluation, usability tests and semistructured interviews were conducted in real scenario.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Miñón, Raúl, Moreno, Lourdes, Martínez, Paloma and Abascal, Julio
 Year: 2014
 Title: An approach to the integration of accessibility requirements into a user interface development method
 Journal: Science of Computer Programming
 Volume: 86
 Pages: 58-73
 Short Title: An approach to the integration of accessibility requirements into a user interface development method
 ISSN: 0167-6423
 DOI: 10.1016/j.scico.2013.04.005
 Keywords: AODA
 ARIA
 AUI
 AWA
 BITV 2
 ISO
 MDE
 RGAA
 SPA4USXML
 UIDL
 UsiXML
 W3C
 WAI
 WCAG
 WAfA
 Accessibility
 User interface development method
 Model driven development
 User Interface Description Language
 Abstract: It is a legal requirement in many countries to ensure accessibility for Web applications. Although there are numerous regulations and standards regarding accessibility in the development of user interfaces, accessibility is nevertheless quite difficult to achieve, let alone to maintain at a high level of quality throughout the development process. This difficulty is due to diverse factors including, but not limited to, the lack of proper development methods, authoring tools and accessibility training for user interface development professionals. In an attempt to offer a solution to these difficulties, this paper proposes a methodological approach for the integration of accessibility requirements into a user interface development method based on User Interface Description Language (UIDL) or, more specifically, on the USer Interface eXtensible Markup Language (UsiXML) framework. The proposed strategy involves the integration of accessibility requirements into design primitives of the user interface development method. This paper focuses on accessibility requirements related to navigation in the Task Model, Abstract User Interface Model and Transformation Model. The application of the approach shown for the SPA4USXML tool also includes a proof of concept and validation of the proposal. The study shows that accessibility requirements included at the design stage in the modelling of user interfaces can be systematized through mechanisms such as new transformation rules and the use of support tools such as SPA4USXML. As a result, the quality of accessibility can be guaranteed by taking advantage of developments in technologies based on User Interface Markup Languages such as UsiXML. •The approach systematizes the inclusion of accessibility requirements in UIDLs.•A strategy is proposed to include accessibility in the UI development methods.•Accessibility navigation requirements are included in the UsiXML models.•A tool is enhanced to validate the approach implementing transformation rules.•There is illustrated the inclusion of the accessibility requirements through the tool.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Generic
 Author: Russell, Kyle
 Year: 2014
 Title: Examining how web designers' activity systems address accessibility: Activity theory as a guide
 Secondary Author: Kerr, Stephen, Burgstahler, Sheryl, Peck, Charles and Johnson, Kurt
 Publisher: ProQuest, UMI Dissertations Publishing
 Short Title: Examining how web designers' activity systems address accessibility: Activity theory as a guide
 Keywords: Information Technology
 Educational Technology
 Higher Education
 Applied Sciences
 Education
 Accessibility Guidelines
 Activity Theory
 Cultural Historical Activity Theory
 Design Research
 It Accessibility
 Web Accessibility
 Abstract:  While accessibility of information technologies is often acknowledged as important, it is frequently not well addressed in practice. The purpose of this study was to examine the work of web developers and content managers to explore why and how accessibility is or is not addressed as an objective as websites are planned, built and maintained. Concepts from Activity Theory, particularly as they apply to design, were used to frame the results and discussion of this study. The collective activities of respondents resulted in accessibility issues in their respective sites that were typical of the issues found more generally, such as missing or unhelpful alternative text, missing or misused headings and untagged PDF files. The Human-Artifact Model was used both to explain how and why accessibility barriers are routinely built into information technologies and how altering the design of authoring tools could break this cycle. Implications for accessibility guidelines and future research approaches are discussed.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Journal Article
 Author: Schiavone, Antonio and Paternò, Fabio
 Year: 2015
 Title: An extensible environment for guideline-based accessibility evaluation of dynamic Web applications
 Journal: International Journal
 Volume: 14
 Issue: 1
 Pages: 111-132
 Short Title: An extensible environment for guideline-based accessibility evaluation of dynamic Web applications
 ISSN: 1615-5289
 DOI: 10.1007/s10209-014-0399-3
 Keywords: Guidelines
 Guideline specification language
 Accessibility
 Validator
 Dynamic Web page
 Abstract: During the last decade, Web site accessibility and usability have become increasingly important. Consequently, many tools have been developed for automatic or semi-automatic evaluation of Web site accessibility. Unfortunately, most of them have not been updated over time to keep up with the evolution of accessibility standards and guidelines, thus soon becoming obsolete. Furthermore, the increasing importance of CSS in the definition of modern Web page layout, and the increasing use of scripting technologies in dynamic and interactive Web sites, has led to new challenges in automatic accessibility evaluation that few of the existing tools are able to face. This paper describes MAUVE, a software environment for Web site accessibility and usability evaluation. The tool is characterized by the possibility to specify and update the guidelines that should be validated without requiring changes in the tool implementation. It is based on an XML-based language for Web Guidelines Definition. It allows checking both HTML and CSS to detect accessibility issues and is able to validate dynamic sites as well, based on the use of a set of plugins for the most popular browsers.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Generic
 Author: Subramanian, Siva
 Year: 2012
 Title: Creating Knowledge-Based Clinical Decision Support System Using Cloud Computing Architecture
 Secondary Author: Sandefer, Ryan, Eichenwald-Maki, Shirley, LaTour, Kathleen, Oachs, Pamela and Watters, Amy
 Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations Publishing
 Short Title: Creating Knowledge-Based Clinical Decision Support System Using Cloud Computing Architecture
 Keywords: Health Care Management
 Health and Environmental Sciences
 Abstract: Healthcare is an immensely knowledge-based community where real-time collection, analysis, and sharing of data are essential part of the clinical workflow. The information and knowledge generated from this data are crucial for patient treatment and become an asset to the facility when stored and enriched. The Clinical Decision Support (CDS) is a critical component in the healthcare delivery system that holds the potential to improve the quality of the service at the point of care. This indicates the need for managing the knowledge base to support and improve the quality of care provided. Up-to-date medical guidelines and decision rules guided by the latest evidence-based medical outcomes are required for effective use of such CDS. The current methods and processes used for assimilating the clinicians' expertise or extracting the knowledge from research and medical outcomes are not efficient enough to keep up with the pace of change and emerging trends in the healthcare industry. In addition, the medical outcomes are fragmented and they are not available as a collective resource to create an efficient CDS system. The information technology (IT) that revolutionized the process of healthcare delivery has provided the some best solutions to the information demands of healthcare. A knowledge-based CDS needs latest technologies to process the enormous amount of data and timely suggestions required for decision-making. This research analyzes the current issues in knowledge-based CDS and envisions the possibility of such a system that could be managed through a centralized infrastructure benefiting the entire medical fraternity. The objective is to present framework using an emerging computing architecture-cloud computing, which could be a viable solution for developing and using the knowledge-based CDS system in the future.
  
  
 Reference Type:  Generic
 Author: Sutcliffe, Tami
 Year: 2014
 Title: Exploring naming behavior in personal digital image collections: The iconology and language games of Pinterest
 Secondary Author: O'Connor, Brian C.
 Publisher: ProQuest Dissertations Publishing
 Short Title: Exploring naming behavior in personal digital image collections: The iconology and language games of Pinterest
 Keywords: Linguistics
 Web Studies
 Information Science
 Language, Literature and Linguistics
 Communication and the Arts
 Curating Vocabulary
 Naming Behavior
 Pinterest
 Social Media
 User-Curators
 Abstract: As non-institutional digital image collections expand into social media, independent non-professional image curators are emerging, actively constructing alternative naming conventions to suit their needs in a social collecting environment. This project considers how independent user-curators are developing particular sense-making behaviors as they actively contribute names to large, unstructured social image collections. In order to capture and explore this evolving language adaptation, Pinterest names are analyzed using a matrix composed of Panofsky’s three strata of subject matter, Rosch’s levels of categorical abstraction, Shatford Layne’s image attributes and Wittgenstein’s language game constructions. Analyzing Pinterest image names illuminates previously unnoticed behaviors by independent user-curators as they create shared collections. Exploring the various language choices which user-curators select as they apply this new curating vocabulary helps identify underlying user needs not apparent in traditionally curated collections restricted to traditional naming conventions.
  
  
  
 Dr Scott Hollier 
 Digital Access Specialist
 E-mail: scott@hollier.info Mobile: +61 (0)430 351 909
  
 Learn more about Scott through his recently published memoir: 
 Outrunning the Night: a life journey of disability, determination and joy. 
 Visit outrunningthenight.com for more information and sample chapter.
  
 
 
Received on Tuesday, 17 January 2017 14:06:28 UTC

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.4.0 : Tuesday, 17 January 2023 20:26:44 UTC