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Re: Shapes/ShEx or the worrying issue of yet another syntax and lack of validated vision.

From: Simon Spero <sesuncedu@gmail.com>
Date: Sun, 20 Jul 2014 09:05:07 -0400
Message-ID: <CADE8KM50VAbWtMe-ECwi5VEu4z1QFB7NqEua8Nc4Gb16waf58w@mail.gmail.com>
To: "Peter F. Patel-Schneider" <pfpschneider@gmail.com>
Cc: Kendall Clark <kendall@clarkparsia.com>, Sandro Hawke <sandro@w3.org>, "Eric Prud'hommeaux" <eric@w3.org>, "Dam, Jesse van" <jesse.vandam@wur.nl>, Jerven Bolleman <jerven.bolleman@isb-sib.ch>, "public-rdf-shapes@w3.org" <public-rdf-shapes@w3.org>, Evren Sirin <evren@clarkparsia.com>, Jose Emilio Labra Gayo <jelabra@gmail.com>, Dimitris Kontokostas <kontokostas@informatik.uni-leipzig.de>
On Jul 20, 2014 5:05 AM, "Peter F. Patel-Schneider" <pfpschneider@gmail.com>
wrote:
>
> It is very hard to see how ShEx constraints can be associated with
instances of RDFS types.  I view the ability to associate constraints with
instances of types as the most important aspect of a constraint system,
hence my questions about how this can be done in ShEx.

There's an obvious approach, but I don't think it is right?

If only a single pattern may match a predicate then there can only be a
single pattern matching rdf:type.

If the entire class hierarchy is known at the time that the pattern is
created, then a pattern  can be created as a set of disjuncts.
For each acceptable subclass there would be a disjunct  for  each member S
of the power set of superclasses of that subclass, with a value set for
rdf:type consisting of the   subclass plus all members of S, with a fixed
cardinality on the pattern equal to the size of the value set.

As long as the matching is against a graph, so that duplicate triples are
not present, this should match all and only the desired types.

Fewer patterns could be used if all super classes are required to be
present (one pattern for each distinct set of superclasses of an acceptable
class that does not contain that any acceptable class). The value set for
each pattern would contain the superclasses, plus each acceptable class for
which those classes are the  non-acceptable superclasses. The minimum
cardinality would be one more than that of the set of superclasses.

If inferencing is not allowed, and no superclasses that are not sufficient
for a match are allowed, then a value set of just the sufficient classes,
with minimum cardinality 1 would suffice.

This seems too complicated to be the right way,  so I may have missed
something.
Received on Sunday, 20 July 2014 13:05:34 UTC

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