- From: Andy Seaborne <andy.seaborne@epimorphics.com>
- Date: Sat, 25 Jun 2011 21:23:16 +0100
- To: public-rdf-dawg@w3.org

Errors in SUM aren't covered in the test suite. Andy On 25/06/11 16:18, Lee Feigenbaum wrote: > On the surface, Jeen's reasoning makes sense to me. > > Steve, did we/you consider defining SUM instead of "+" instead of in > terms of op:numeric-add? > > Lee > > -------- Original Message -------- > Subject: SUM aggregate operator and non-numeric literals > Resent-Date: Thu, 23 Jun 2011 01:05:51 +0000 > Resent-From: public-rdf-dawg-comments@w3.org > Date: Thu, 23 Jun 2011 13:05:10 +1200 > From: Jeen Broekstra <jeen.broekstra@gmail.com> > To: public-rdf-dawg-comments@w3.org > > > Hi DAWG, > > The current definition of SUM (section 18.4) is as follows : > > ==begin quote== > Definition: Sum > numeric Sum(multiset M) > > The Sum set function is used by the SUM aggregate in the syntax. > > Sum(M) = Sum(ToList(Flatten(M))). > > Sum(S) = op:numeric-add(S1, Sum(S2..n)) when card[S] > 1 > Sum(S) = op:numeric-add(S1, 0) when card[S] = 1 > Sum(S) = 0 when card[S] = 0 > > In this way, Sum({1, 2, 3}) = op:numeric-add(1, op:numeric-add(2, > op:numeric-add(3, 0))). > ==end quote== > > Given that the definition of SUM is directly in terms of the > op:numeric-add XPath function, it follows that it can only be applied on > numeric literals. Therefore, any SUM that aggregates over a set of > values that contains a non-numeric type will result in a type error. Not > even an extension of the SPARQL operator table in section 17.3 will > help, as SUM is not defined in terms of those operators. > > In other words, if we have the following data: > > :a rdf:value "1" . > :a rdf:value "2"^^xsd:integer . > :b rdf:value "3"^^xsd:integer . > > And the following query: > > SELECT (SUM(?val) as ?value) > WHERE { > ?a rdf:value ?val . > } GROUP BY ?a > > The result will be always a type error. > > I would argue that having the same extensibility mechanisms available > for SUM as we have for, for example, the + operator would be preferable. > That way, implementations wanting to offer a more forgiving version of > the SUM operator (one which silently ignores the non-numerics, for > example), could do so while staying spec-compliant. > > > Regards, > > Jeen > > > >

Received on Saturday, 25 June 2011 20:23:47 UTC