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Re: Licensing advice

From: Víctor Rodríguez Doncel <vrodriguez@fi.upm.es>
Date: Thu, 25 Jul 2013 19:59:06 +0200
Message-ID: <51F1676A.2060606@fi.upm.es>
To: public-lod@w3.org
John, Kingsley,

Thanks for the valuable links you've sent.

Well, beyond the Pythagorean idea that "the world is made up of 
numbers", if laws make a distinction Data/Code, so must we. And 
international laws implement the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT [1]), which 
explicitly addresses both in two consecutive articles:

    */A) /*/*Art4. Computer Programs.*//Computer programs are protected
    as literary works within the meaning of Article 2 of the Berne
    */B) /*/*Art5. Compilations of Data (Databases).*////Compilations of
    data or other material, in any form, which by reason of the
    selection or arrangement of their contents constitute intellectual
    creations, are protected as such [...]./

So Computer Programs are intellectual property works, but Databases are 
only works if they are "intellectual creations". Yet, in Europe some 
/sui generis/ rights are recognized even for those databases not 
qualifying to become works.

Thus, I believe Linked Data can be either:
a) Fully covered by intellectual property law
b) Partially covered, if considered as database.
c) Not protected at all.

Unfortunately, this has to be analyzed case by case.  My examples:
a) An OWL ontology, resulting from a hard work.
b) An RDF dataset with the average temperatures of Madrid through the years.
c) A RDF mapping automatically obtained by an analysis tool.


[1] WIPO Copyright Treaty: 

El 25/07/2013 15:38, Kingsley Idehen escribió:
> In my eyes, Data is Code and Code is Data. Turtle and other (concrete 
> RDF syntaxes) are simply encoding notations (so they are code). 

Víctor Rodríguez-Doncel
D3205 - Ontology Engineering Group (OEG)
Departamento de Inteligencia Artificial
Facultad de Informática
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

Campus de Montegancedo s/n
Boadilla del Monte-28660 Madrid, Spain
Tel. (+34) 91336 3672
Skype: vroddon3
Received on Thursday, 25 July 2013 17:59:42 UTC

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