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Re: Core Ontology on Events -- Re: looking for an event ontology/vocabulary

From: François Scharffe <francois.scharffe@inria.fr>
Date: Wed, 05 Aug 2009 10:27:59 -0700
Message-ID: <4A79C11F.5020902@inria.fr>
To: Yves Raimond <yves.raimond@gmail.com>
CC: Gian Piero Zarri <zarri@noos.fr>, Ansgar Scherp <scherp@uni-koblenz.de>, public-lod@w3.org, Gian Piero Zarri <gian-piero.zarri@univ-paris12.fr>
Hi all,

Slightly on the side of the topic, I would like to draw your attention 
to the ontology patterns workshop at next ISWC (see the recent call from 
Aldo and [1]). That's the perfect place to discuss modeling topics like 
the one discussed on this thread. The workshop includes a call for 
patterns where participants are invited to submit a simple description 
of a pattern they would like to discuss.


[1] http://ontologydesignpatterns.org/wiki/WOP2009:Main

Yves Raimond wrote:
> Hello!
>> I was abroad these last weeks, and unable then to follow this thread with
>> the necessary attention. It seems however evident to me that, when dealing
>> contemporaneously with terms like "ontology" and "event", one should have at
>> least a look at NKRL (Narrative Knowledge Representation Language). NKRL is,
>> in fact, a language and software environment expressly created for dealing
>> in a somewhat 'intelligent' way with "narratives", i.e., in practice, with
>> streams of (complex) events.
>> To do this, NKRL makes use of two different ontologies, a 'standard'
>> (binary) one for dealing with 'static notions' like, among other things,
>> "objects and persons participating in events", and an n-ary one for
>> describing general classes of events like "moving an object", "making a
>> trip", "starting a company", "having a positive/negative attitude
>> for/against someone/something", "living in a place", "receiving some money",
>> "feeling ill" etc. Of course, NKRL is also endowed with all sort of
>> conceptual tools to represent temporal information and event correlations
>> ("connectivity phenomena"), and with high-level inference tools. Interested
>> people can consult my recent (Springer, 2009) book on this subject:
>> "Representation and Management of Narrative Information - Theoretical
>> Principles and Implementation", see
>> http://www.springer.com/computer/artificial/book/978-1-84800-077-3 or, for
>> an introduction, my paper at the "2009 AAAI Spring Symposium on Intelligent
>> Complex Event Processing" in Stanford.
> Really interesting! Just out of curiosity - the only article I could
> take a look at about NKRL is [1], and it doesn't seem to hold a
> reference to the OntoMedia work done at Southampton University - how
> do the two relate to each other (are they related at all?)
> Cheers,
> y
> [1] http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=974473
>> Regards,
>> Gian Piero Zarri
>> University Paris-Est/Paris12
>> LiSSi Laboratory
>> France
>> Email: zarri@noos.fr, gian-piero.zarri@univ-paris12.fr
>> Ansgar Scherp a écrit :
>> Dear all
>> It is quite interesting to see this very long thread on events. In the past
>> time
>> we have studied many event models (see, e.g., the list Raphael Troncy sent
>> around).
>> When studying them, I was very surprised that for many of them no
>> foundational
>> literature was studied (philosophy, linguistics, cognitive sciences, etc.).
>> Rather, the models seem to be developed add hoc and remain in fact quite
>> simple
>> for the always argued reason of "being generic".
>> Libby Miller says, "events are difficult and complex things to model". And
>> we
>> would like to stress that fact. Indeed, getting a fully comprehensive
>> understanding
>> of what events are is very difficult and challenging. As such, a simple
>> model
>> will hardly work. In particular, when interoperability between different
>> systems
>> is needed.
>> Thus, I am happy to announce that at this year's Knowledge Capturing
>> conference
>> we will present the Event-Model-F that aims filling the gap of a
>> comprehensive and
>> at the same time semantically precise event model [1]. The event model is
>> available
>> in OWL and axiomatized using DL (see older TR [2]). What I did for this
>> event model
>> is reading literature of foundational sciences and discussing the topic with
>> philosophers. The Event-Model-F provides comprehensive support to represent
>> * time and space,
>> * objects and persons participating in events, and
>> * mereological, causal, and correlative relationships between events.
>> In addition, the Event-Model-F provides a flexible means for
>> * event composition,
>> * modeling event causality and event correlation, and
>> * representing different interpretations of the same event.
>> As sometimes not all of this functionality is needed, the event model is
>> organized
>> in patterns. Thus, it is easier to understand to use (just take what you
>> need
>> and the leave the rest out).
>> The event model has its own webpage, where also comprehensive examples are
>> available, e.g., from the emergency response domain:
>> http://isweb.uni-koblenz.de/eventmodel/
>> Documentation of the Event-Model-F can be found in [1].
>> Finally, I would like to draw your attention to a workshop conjunct with
>> this
>> year's ACM Multimedia conference that is concerned of events as happenings
>> in the
>> real world. This is an effort done together with Ramesh Jain and Mohan
>> Kankanhalli.
>> http://www.uni-koblenz.de/confsec/eimm09/
>> Best
>> Ansgar
>> [1] A. Scherp, T. Franz, C. Saathoff and S. Staab, F---A Model of Events
>> based on
>> the Foundational Ontology DOLCE+DnS Ultralight, International Conference on
>> Knowledge Capturing (K-CAP), Redondo Beach, CA, USA, September, 2009.
>> http://isweb.uni-koblenz.de/eventmodel/event-model-f-kcap.pdf
>> [2] A. Scherp, T. Franz, C. Saathoff, S. Staab: A Model of Events based on a
>> Foundational Ontology, Technical Report of the Department of Computer
>> Science,
>> 02/2009, University of Koblenz-Landau, ISSN (Online) 1864-0850
Received on Wednesday, 5 August 2009 17:28:34 UTC

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