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Re: Core Ontology on Events -- Re: looking for an event ontology/vocabulary

From: Yves Raimond <yves.raimond@gmail.com>
Date: Wed, 5 Aug 2009 16:11:01 +0100
Message-ID: <82593ac00908050811vdaeb1b7vaa8a49f6a694ec16@mail.gmail.com>
To: Gian Piero Zarri <zarri@noos.fr>
Cc: Ansgar Scherp <scherp@uni-koblenz.de>, public-lod@w3.org, Gian Piero Zarri <gian-piero.zarri@univ-paris12.fr>

> I was abroad these last weeks, and unable then to follow this thread with
> the necessary attention. It seems however evident to me that, when dealing
> contemporaneously with terms like "ontology" and "event", one should have at
> least a look at NKRL (Narrative Knowledge Representation Language). NKRL is,
> in fact, a language and software environment expressly created for dealing
> in a somewhat 'intelligent' way with "narratives", i.e., in practice, with
> streams of (complex) events.
> To do this, NKRL makes use of two different ontologies, a 'standard'
> (binary) one for dealing with 'static notions' like, among other things,
> "objects and persons participating in events", and an n-ary one for
> describing general classes of events like "moving an object", "making a
> trip", "starting a company", "having a positive/negative attitude
> for/against someone/something", "living in a place", "receiving some money",
> "feeling ill" etc. Of course, NKRL is also endowed with all sort of
> conceptual tools to represent temporal information and event correlations
> ("connectivity phenomena"), and with high-level inference tools. Interested
> people can consult my recent (Springer, 2009) book on this subject:
> "Representation and Management of Narrative Information - Theoretical
> Principles and Implementation", see
> http://www.springer.com/computer/artificial/book/978-1-84800-077-3 or, for
> an introduction, my paper at the "2009 AAAI Spring Symposium on Intelligent
> Complex Event Processing" in Stanford.

Really interesting! Just out of curiosity - the only article I could
take a look at about NKRL is [1], and it doesn't seem to hold a
reference to the OntoMedia work done at Southampton University - how
do the two relate to each other (are they related at all?)

[1] http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=974473

> Regards,
> Gian Piero Zarri
> University Paris-Est/Paris12
> LiSSi Laboratory
> France
> Email: zarri@noos.fr, gian-piero.zarri@univ-paris12.fr
> Ansgar Scherp a écrit :
> Dear all
> It is quite interesting to see this very long thread on events. In the past
> time
> we have studied many event models (see, e.g., the list Raphael Troncy sent
> around).
> When studying them, I was very surprised that for many of them no
> foundational
> literature was studied (philosophy, linguistics, cognitive sciences, etc.).
> Rather, the models seem to be developed add hoc and remain in fact quite
> simple
> for the always argued reason of "being generic".
> Libby Miller says, "events are difficult and complex things to model". And
> we
> would like to stress that fact. Indeed, getting a fully comprehensive
> understanding
> of what events are is very difficult and challenging. As such, a simple
> model
> will hardly work. In particular, when interoperability between different
> systems
> is needed.
> Thus, I am happy to announce that at this year's Knowledge Capturing
> conference
> we will present the Event-Model-F that aims filling the gap of a
> comprehensive and
> at the same time semantically precise event model [1]. The event model is
> available
> in OWL and axiomatized using DL (see older TR [2]). What I did for this
> event model
> is reading literature of foundational sciences and discussing the topic with
> philosophers. The Event-Model-F provides comprehensive support to represent
> * time and space,
> * objects and persons participating in events, and
> * mereological, causal, and correlative relationships between events.
> In addition, the Event-Model-F provides a flexible means for
> * event composition,
> * modeling event causality and event correlation, and
> * representing different interpretations of the same event.
> As sometimes not all of this functionality is needed, the event model is
> organized
> in patterns. Thus, it is easier to understand to use (just take what you
> need
> and the leave the rest out).
> The event model has its own webpage, where also comprehensive examples are
> available, e.g., from the emergency response domain:
> http://isweb.uni-koblenz.de/eventmodel/
> Documentation of the Event-Model-F can be found in [1].
> Finally, I would like to draw your attention to a workshop conjunct with
> this
> year's ACM Multimedia conference that is concerned of events as happenings
> in the
> real world. This is an effort done together with Ramesh Jain and Mohan
> Kankanhalli.
> http://www.uni-koblenz.de/confsec/eimm09/
> Best
> Ansgar
> [1] A. Scherp, T. Franz, C. Saathoff and S. Staab, F---A Model of Events
> based on
> the Foundational Ontology DOLCE+DnS Ultralight, International Conference on
> Knowledge Capturing (K-CAP), Redondo Beach, CA, USA, September, 2009.
> http://isweb.uni-koblenz.de/eventmodel/event-model-f-kcap.pdf
> [2] A. Scherp, T. Franz, C. Saathoff, S. Staab: A Model of Events based on a
> Foundational Ontology, Technical Report of the Department of Computer
> Science,
> 02/2009, University of Koblenz-Landau, ISSN (Online) 1864-0850
Received on Wednesday, 5 August 2009 15:11:43 UTC

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