W3C home > Mailing lists > Public > public-ldp-wg@w3.org > November 2013

Re: ldp-ISSUE-91 (rel='type' Link-based interaction): The LDP (REST) interactions must be driven by the rel='type' Link header [Linked Data Platform Spec]

From: Steve Speicher <sspeiche@gmail.com>
Date: Tue, 26 Nov 2013 14:48:40 -0500
Message-ID: <CAOUJ7JqSxXg0Vir=SbfBiiYuU05ww2jbVQvHjv=UDBdYPNfn5w@mail.gmail.com>
To: Alexandre Bertails <bertails@w3.org>
Cc: "Linked Data Platform (LDP) Working Group" <public-ldp-wg@w3.org>
Hi Alexandre,


On Tue, Nov 26, 2013 at 10:18 AM, Alexandre Bertails <bertails@w3.org>
wrote:
>
> Hi Steve,
>
>
> On 11/26/2013 08:25 AM, Steve Speicher wrote:
>>
>> Hi,
>>
>> On Fri, Nov 22, 2013 at 5:28 PM, Linked Data Platform (LDP) Working
>> Group Issue Tracker <sysbot+tracker@w3.org
>> <mailto:sysbot+tracker@w3.org>> wrote:
>>
>>     ldp-ISSUE-91 (rel='type' Link-based interaction): The LDP (REST)
>>     interactions must be driven by the rel='type' Link header [Linked
>>     Data Platform Spec]
>>
>>     http://www.w3.org/2012/ldp/track/issues/91
>>
>>     Raised by: Alexandre Bertails
>>     On product: Linked Data Platform Spec
>>
>>     We have already agreed that LDP interactions are not strictly
>>     hypermedia driven, as we agreed not to define a new media-type for
>>     LDP. Instead we have a Link header for Resource [1].
>>
>>     The problem is that 4.2.10 [1] does not really advertise the LDP
>>     interaction, just the "LDP support" for the resource, and the
>>     interaction is currently derived from a { <> a ldp:Container }
>>     triple (or its absence). That means than I cannot create a simple
>>     LDPR with that triple _without_ the related interaction model. This
>>     is wrong.
>>
>>
>> "This is wrong" needs more elaboration in this context.  By creating it
>> with this type, the client is stating it is that and what the
>> interaction model is.
>
>
> "This is wrong" regarding what REST is about [2].
>
> [2] http://roy.gbiv.com/untangled/2008/rest-apis-must-be-hypertext-driven


I figured this card was going to be played but I was asking for something a
bit more specific to the case we are discussing (how that reference in this
specific case is causing some issue).  I'll touch on it a bit more later.

>
>
> We are already playing with the hypermedia thing, some people would
> argue that we should not say we do REST... Just remember what happened
> to "SPARQL 1.1 Graph Store HTTP Protocol", which removed all mentions
> of REST from the specification.
>
> We have already decided to use the type-Link header for LDPR, and I
> just propose here to extend this approach to the LDPC.

To be clear, this is only a response header.  I could see expanding it to
be include LDPC.  Though adding as a request header, would have to be given
a bit more consideration.

>
>
>>  There are very few cases where there are
>> differences, POST only.
>
>
> I would argue it's not only POST:
>
> * GET-on-LDPC and GET-on-LDPR don't have (yet) the same exact
>   semantics (see ISSUE-90).

I've read that issue and not entirely clear to me the difference.

>
>
> * PUT-on-LDPC has overridden semantics regarding the membership
>   triples.

Well, if it were me we'd save energy talking about PUT-on-LDPC here and
just do PATCH.  So fixing these PUT cases may be necessary but in time, may
not be.

>
>
> I don't know how people are planning to implement that in
> practice. For what I'm concerned, there is a disjunction between the
> LDPR and LDPC logics, and I suspect that most of the implementations
> will reflect that. I may be wrong of course.
>
>
>>     My proposal is to say that the interaction model is directly (and
>>     solely) derived from the "type" Link header, having one for the LDPR
>>     and one for the LDPC. This is aligned with the previous proposal of
>>     not defining a new media type but to extend the existing RDF ones
>>     with the rel='type' Link header.
>>
>>     For an LDPR (and ideally for Binary if it also were an LDPR):
>>     Link: <http://www.w3.org/ns/ldp#Resource>; rel="type"
>>
>>     For an LDPC:
>>     Link: <http://www.w3.org/ns/ldp#Container>; rel="type"
>>
>>     Now, I can copy the content of an LDPC (eg. for backup purposes)
>>     into a new LDPR, without inheriting the LDPC interactions.
>>
>>
>> Please elaborate on this motivating use case "backup purposes".  What
>> LDPC interactions cause problems? The only "real" difference would be
>> POST behavior...right?  If if is a backup, wouldn't the ACL be set to
>> prohibit writing to it, so POST, PUT, PATCH wouldn't be supported.
>
>
> It has nothing to do with ACLs.
>
> Here is a full example.
>
> [[
> $ curl -i http://example.org/container1/
> ...
> Content-Type: text/turtle; charset=UTF-8
>
> Link: <http://www.w3.org/ns/ldp#Resource>; rel="type"
> ...
> <>
>    a ldp:Container;
>    ldp:containerResource <> ;
>    ldp:containsRelation rdfs:member;
>    ldp:insertedContentRelation ldp:MemberSubject;
>    dcterms:title "A very simple container";
>    rdfs:member <member1>, <member2>, <member3>.
> ]]
>
> Now, I want to save that content somewhere else.
>
> [[
> $ curl -X POST -i \
>  -H 'Content-Type: text/turtle; utf-8' \
>  -H 'Slug: container1/' \
>  -d @./container1.ttl \
>  http://betehess.example.org/myContainer/
> ]]
>
> In this case, I didn't want `myContainer` to create a real Container,
> just a plain regular LDPR-RDF, which just happens to have { <> a
> ldp:Container } in it.

So this assumes that your implementation must create something a bit heavy
weight to deal with LDPCs.  Ok, I understand the use case better now and
how it doesn't deal with ACLs.  Though I could see a number of
implementations only creating transient objects of lighter weight to deal
with certain LDPC requests (for example if impl knew it was always going to
be a read-only container, it wouldn't have to worry about as much).

>
>
> With my proposal, you would do the following to create an LDPC:
>
> [[
> $ curl -X POST -i \
>  -H 'Content-Type: text/turtle; utf-8' \
>  -H 'Link: <http://www.w3.org/ns/ldp#SimpleContainer>; rel="type"' \
>  -H 'Slug: container1/' \
>  -d @./container1.ttl http://betehess.example.org/myContainer/
> ]]
>
> And you can see here why the indirection of the DirectContainer (and
> of course the IndirectContainer as well) is problematic.

So you are only proposing this request header on POST (create) of a LDPC?
 Ok, that would be good to understand.  I would assume we should prohibit
giving an LDPR LDPC semantics?

>
>
>
>> I'm not sure this added complexity really fixes anything.  A client
>> would request LDPR semantics on a LDPC, say for a POST request, though a
>> server could reject it.  How does this help the client out?
>>
>>
>>     Also, creating an LDPC is now easy to define (and implement): you
>>     POST a document *with* the corresponding Link header (otherwise,
>>     it's an LDPR, or a Binary).
>>
>> Creating an LDPC was easy before, you just POST the LDPC representation.
>>   Would you expect the Link header to possibly be different from the
>> rdf:type in the LDPR?
>
>
> The rdf:type would be used for validation only, just like the rest of
> the body. If the nature of a POSTed resource was defined by what's in
> the body, that would be a precedent in the REST world.

In the REST world can you create a "service" and then in that a "shopping
cart service"?  How do those things come into existence?  I would assume in
a REST world you'd POST a descriptor to "create" those services.  The
behavior of those services would be based on the descriptors of them.

>
>
>
>>  Would it be expected that the server maintain the
>> value of the link header as the preferred default semantics of the
>> resource, instead of derived from rdf:type?
>
>
> Totally. In our case, the type-Link header (plus the real
> Content-Type) behave like a new media type.

So this has the drawback that it can never change.  Or do you expect a PUT
on the LDPC with Link: <http://w3.org/ns/ldp#SimpleContainer> rel='type'
(or some other means) to modify the behavior originally set by the client?
 I don't think this model gets us into any better of a place.

>
>
>> An advantage I see with this Link header is that I server wouldn't have
>> to parse the request document to locate the rdf:type, unless it wanted
>> to do some additional validation.
>
>
> I have made this argument so many times :-)
>
> Note that the "additional validation" has nothing to do with LDP, as
> LDP is only about the interactions (well, almost :-).

I'm not sure exactly what you mean but some applications may want to
provide additional diagnostics when there are potential conflicts in their
headers and data, that is what I was talking about.  Such as: "Hmmm...the
client said do this request as a LDPC on a LDPR, that seems a little odd".

>
>
>
>> If you want to "turn off" membership triple creation when a new resource
>> is created via POST to LDPC, it would be good to understand if that is
>> what this issue is trying to accomplish as it seems like it is.  If so
>> or not, then it would help me understand it better.
>
>
> It's not that much about the membership triple creation. It's more
> about the nature of the resource, as the resource would not be an LDPC
> to begin with.

This doesn't really answer the question, I believe you answered it before
by confirming the POST behavior, saying there might be something on GET
(ISSUE-90) and PUT on LDPCs.

I'm curious how common this "archive" case is and it could just be up to a
few implementations that need a hint to just "archive" and not treat
resource with an additional semantics.  For a number of LD applications I
have seen, they desire a consistent way to do archiving but more of a verb
(like DELETE) or resource state (like archived=true, or archivedDate=)

Thanks for taking the time to elaborate the details of your issue and use
case.

- Steve Speicher

>
> Alexandre.
>
>> - Steve Speicher
>>
>>
>>     Alexandre.
>>
>>     [1]
https://dvcs.w3.org/hg/ldpwg/raw-file/default/ldp.html#ldpr-4_2_10
>>
Received on Tuesday, 26 November 2013 19:49:08 UTC

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.4.0 : Friday, 17 January 2020 16:17:46 UTC