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RE: [EME] reuse of session

From: Maruyama, Shinya <Shinya.Maruyama@jp.sony.com>
Date: Fri, 23 May 2014 01:51:18 +0000
To: David Dorwin <ddorwin@google.com>
CC: "public-html-media@w3.org" <public-html-media@w3.org>
Message-ID: <E7496ED336482E459A47A005EAE81612047EE0@JPYOKXMS121.jp.sony.com>
The most important point is what you mentioned in Bug 25866<https://www.w3.org/Bugs/Public/show_bug.cgi?id=25866> as follows:

The event that is fired Initialization Data Encountered [1] does not necessarily mean that a key is needed (only the CDM knows this and the CDM is not involved in firing this event). Therefore, I think we should rename it to avoid confusion.

Only the CDM can know whether new keys are needed by seeing initData. It’s OK to keep raw initData comparison in UA for interoperability but I wonder if leaving a room for CDMs to implement the optimization would be better.
(After cenc 2nd is introduced, UA can know it but this is not true in general for all media file formats unless EME specifies a mandatory requirement to contain key ids in initData as DRM independent component)


From: Maruyama, Shinya [mailto:Shinya.Maruyama@jp.sony.com]
Sent: Friday, May 23, 2014 9:33 AM
To: David Dorwin
Cc: public-html-media@w3.org
Subject: RE: [EME] reuse of session

In case of live content with key rotation, applications cannot know whether to ignore each needkey event in general unless application supports a way to know a key rotation, for instance, by using MPD update mechanism etc.

How about the application only supporting reactive license acquisition? Such an application does not support proactive license acquisition in step 2. Thus, the application need to respond all the needkey events because it is not aware of the characteristic of the presentation.

From: David Dorwin [mailto:ddorwin@google.com]
Sent: Friday, May 23, 2014 2:27 AM
To: Maruyama, Shinya
Cc: public-html-media@w3.org<mailto:public-html-media@w3.org>
Subject: Re: [EME] reuse of session

(It's important to note that step 2 includes a createSession() call - I think that makes the following clearer.)

If prefetching the license, as in step 2, there is no reason to call createSession() in response to the needkey event. Such applications can either ignore needkey or use it to track something else.

While writing that last sentence, it became clear that "needkey" is a bad name for this event because we don't really know if a key is needed. I'll filed https://www.w3.org/Bugs/Public/show_bug.cgi?id=25866 to rename it.

On Wed, May 14, 2014 at 9:19 PM, Maruyama, Shinya <Shinya.Maruyama@jp.sony.com<mailto:Shinya.Maruyama@jp.sony.com>> wrote:
Correct my wrong descriptions. Please take a look at following corrected.

From: Maruyama, Shinya [mailto:Shinya.Maruyama@jp.sony.com<mailto:Shinya.Maruyama@jp.sony.com>]
Sent: Thursday, May 15, 2014 12:54 PM

To: David Dorwin
Cc: public-html-media@w3.org<mailto:public-html-media@w3.org>
Subject: RE: [EME] reuse of session

Let me clarify the problem of raw initData comparison.

Let’s walk through the case of MPD adaptive streaming with following assumptions:
- each Representation contain a single track; video, audio or subtitle
- each initialization/media segment contain a pssh box which contains a single KID for corresponding track
(pssh in each media segment causes duplication but is useful to facilitate random access for live or trick play)
- each track is encrypted with different key
- MPD delivers the list of KIDs which cover the entire movie presentation
- all tracks are protected by a single license; i.e. all keys can be derived by the license
- acquire a license before fetching media segment for performance reason

1.     Application acquires and parses MPD

2.     Application initiates EME using initData-avs including all the KIDs ; e.g. container-independent initData (Bug 25269<https://www.w3.org/Bugs/Public/show_bug.cgi?id=25269>) constructed by the info in ContentProtection or pssh in ContentProtection

3.     Application fetches the audio media segment containing an initData-a for audio key

4.     createSession is resolved with a new media key session because the raw initData-a is different from raw initData-avs

5.     Application acquires duplicated license!

6.     Application fetches the video media segment containing an initData-v for video key

7.     createSession is resolved with a new media key session because the raw initData-v is different from raw initData-avs

8.     Application acquires duplicated license again!!
(The same for subtitle…)

initData-avs : contains pssh which delivers the DRM specific information for audio, video and subtitle keys
initData-a : contains pssh which delivers the DRM specific information  for audio key
initData-v : contains pssh which delivers the DRM specific information  for video key

I believe this is likely case because assumptions above is not special case but based on common concept:
- Constraint of single track in representation is specified in DASH-IF IOP
- Separate key for each track and multi-tracks in a single license is supported by major DRM
  - Acquire a license in MPD time is important aspect for the performance

Your opinion?

From: Maruyama, Shinya [mailto:Shinya.Maruyama@jp.sony.com]
Sent: Friday, April 25, 2014 11:11 AM
To: David Dorwin
Cc: public-html-media@w3.org<mailto:public-html-media@w3.org>
Subject: RE: [EME] reuse of session

Thanks for your comments.
Please find replies inline.

From: David Dorwin [mailto:ddorwin@google.com]
Sent: Friday, April 25, 2014 4:58 AM
To: Maruyama, Shinya
Cc: public-html-media@w3.org<mailto:public-html-media@w3.org>
Subject: Re: [EME] reuse of session

On Wed, Apr 23, 2014 at 10:14 PM, Maruyama, Shinya <Shinya.Maruyama@jp.sony.com<mailto:Shinya.Maruyama@jp.sony.com>> wrote:
As to the reuse of session by promise, would it be better that CDM determines whether to create a new media key session?

Where possible, it is better to keep logic in the user agent. This helps ensure more consistent behavior, enables reuse and OSS implementation, and is more consistent with other specs.

I understand that perspective.

According to createSession algorithm step 6-1, a user agent determines it by checking list of active session Initialization Data.
As the user agent is not aware of the DRM specific part of initData (except for container-independent initData Bug 25269<https://www.w3.org/Bugs/Public/show_bug.cgi?id=25269>), the user agent can compare the entire of initData but it is impossible to look into the content of initData to see if requesting keyIds are available in active sessions.

The current text is intentionally comparing the raw initData and not the contents. In the case of CENC, this ensures the same number of sessions will be created regardless of which PSSH box (or key system) is used.

The current text is not intended to prevent all duplicate sessions - it's intended to prevent potentially hundreds of sessions from being created for the same initData during adaptive streaming, etc. and reduce the overall amount of work the application must do. Checking whether the CDM already has the appropriate keys would not address all such scenarios and could lead to inconsistent behavior. Specifically, there will often be two needkey events when playback starts as the audio and video streams are parsed. At that point, the CDM does not have any keys, and it can't know whether the first session that gets created will return a key for the second initData.

I understand the intention of current text.
From my viewpoint, I believe the usecase I showed below would be likely case.

This means, an application suffers unnecessary creating media key sessions as follows, for instance;

1. Prefetch license(s) by media key session initiated by container-independent initData including superset keyIds; e.g. KIDs for audio and video tracks, for a subsequent media presentation (at MPD fetch time)
2. When each initialization Data contains a pssh, it causes unnecessary media key session because the cenc-formatted initData is not identical to the preceding initData at step1; i.e. container-independent pssh, pssh for audio and pssh for video are all distinct.

Do I understand correctly that #1 uses initData from a manifest while #2 uses data from needkey events? If so, what is the use case? I expect that such an application would be rare and would need to either ensure the initData is consistent or handle session creation differently.

Yes, I mean #1 is a manifest; e.g. MPD for DASH.
MPD may carry sufficient information to trigger a license acquisition which includes the keys necessary to decrypt all the subsequent media streams; audio, video, subtitle, etc (unless key rotation happens).
To prefetch the license allows to acquire and process the license in advance of (or simultaneously) the Initialization/Media Segment being made available. I think this kind of advanced license request is a topic a lot of people have concern about.

Key rotation may be a another usecase. Reusing a media key session by just updating available keys within the session maybe provide some benefit but it is not possible because the pssh that requires new key(s) is most probably distinct from other active initData.

initData cannot be added to an existing session, so key rotation using the same session would need to be handled in some other way. Thus, step 6-1 does not affect this scenario.

OK. Probably we need to discuss the key rotation matter comprehensively instead of looking into current text one by one.

Received on Friday, 23 May 2014 01:51:55 UTC

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