Re: Fwd: New Version Notification for draft-nottingham-http2-encryption-02.txt

I don't recall this argument being sunk. Can you provide a reference
or explain why?

On Sun, Dec 15, 2013 at 2:14 PM, Adrien de Croy <> wrote:
> I'm pretty sure this argument (there are free certs so we should all use
> them for everything) has been floated and sunk about 3 times on this list.
> Maybe we need some place where we can collect these arguments and the
> results of them so we can post referrals to that place instead of doing that
> work over and over?
> Adrien
> ------ Original Message ------
> From: "Brian Smith" <>
> To: "Stephen Farrell" <>
> Cc: "William Chan (陈智昌)" <>; "Paul Hoffman"
> <>; "HTTP Working Group" <>
> Sent: 15/12/2013 09:40:58
> Subject: Re: Fwd: New Version Notification for
> draft-nottingham-http2-encryption-02.txt
> On Sat, Dec 14, 2013 at 11:20 AM, Stephen Farrell
> <> wrote:
>> Possibly a different thread really but...
>> On 12/14/2013 05:20 AM, William Chan (陈智昌) wrote:
>> > Anyhow,
>> > we don't support any type of opportunistic encryption, especially
>> > unauthenticated. We want people to use https://, therefore we more or
>> > less only plan to support HTTP/2 for https:// URIs. Let me know if
>> > this still leaves anything unclear.
>> What that leaves unclear for me is how the current 30-40% of web
>> sites that are setup for some form of TLS will suddenly become
>> 99%. Without some other action on helping sites get certs, it
>> just won't happen would be my prediction.
> We need to focus our effort on that problem.
> There are already at least three commercial CAs, that browsers trust, that
> give away free certificates: StartCom (restricted to non-business use),
> GlobalSign (restricted to open source projects), and GoDaddy (restricted to
> open source projects). These CAs give away an inferior good (presumably) in
> the hopes of you eventually upgrading to their non-free goods. The main
> problem with these CAs' freemium models is that their decision process for
> whether you qualify for the free product isn't (and cannot be) automated.
> However, I believe there is an opportunity for us (browser makers in
> particular, and the IETF community in general) to create a new kind of
> inferior good in the certificate space that CAs (possibly other than the
> ones I mentioned) may be willing to give away for free in a way that allows
> CAs to be comfortable with, without jeopardizing their businesses. Note:
> when I say "inferior good," I use "inferior" in the economic sense only; I
> think we'd insist that such certificates have security properties at least
> as good as what we already accept as the minimum in browsers today.
> Even if such efforts were to fail, we still wouldn't be at the point where
> completely unauthenticated encryption is the only option left. There are
> other ways of authenticating servers than punting to a commercial CA. We
> should make sure we have thoroughly exhausted these alternatives before
> giving up.
>> I think its all the more puzzling when contrasted with other cases
>> where people claim that we can't do X because that'd cause a problem
>> for 1% of the web, but yet here you seem to be saying its ok to
>> do this when it'd cause a problem for 60-70% of the web. (I don't
>> recall whether or not you've made such claim William.)
> When it comes to breaking interoperability or regressing performance, small
> percentages like 1% matter. The fact that most connections web browsers make
> are not encrypted+authenticated is a huge problem that needs to be addressed
> with strong action, but it isn't acute in the way that a compatibility or
> performance regression is.
> Difficulty with certificates doesn't explain why,,
>,,, and other top sites aren't HTTPS-only.
> Social issues (wikipedia has been very open about how politics affects their
> HTTPS deployment) and performance issues are much more serious issues, and
> those issues won't be properly addressed by adding opportunistic encryption
> to HTTP/2.
> Do third-party advertising sites (the kind whose cookies are being used to
> de-anonymize users) use HTTP instead of HTTPS because they can't afford
> certificates? No. Performance, scalability, the pain or migrating websites
> from http:// to https:// URLs, and lack of motivation seem to be the
> problems. Web browsers can encourage them to move to HTTPS by getting them
> on our HSTS preload lists (so the browser "fixes" those http:// links to
> https:// links automatically) and by doing other things. For example, at
> Mozilla we've long had a desire to strip cookies from third-party requests
> that aren't HTTPS. It seems like now is the time to figure out how to make
> that work. We've already seen big advertisers make changes like this to
> accomodate our recent mixed-content blocking changes. I'm confident that
> such advertisers would be willing to accomodate further changes, if nudged a
> little bit.
>> Even if only as a backup in case that 30-40% -> 99% transition
>> fails, I'd hope folks do continue working on ways to provide
>> opportunistic encryption for HTTP/2.0.
> I agree that it is reasonable to continue to explore unauthenticated
> encryption options. However, I encourage people to support the efforts to go
> further--to try to hit a home run instead of trying to bunt.
>> On the current draft - its seems quite odd to ignore the existing
>> anon-DH ciphersuites when trying to do opportunistic encryption.
> The way cipher suites are currently negotiated in TLS, with the client
> saying which cipher suites it supports and the server choosing one, suffers
> from the same problem that ALPN causes for http2-tls-relaxed: the client is
> telling potential MitMs whether or not they will get caught. I appreciate,
> and agree with, the fundemental aims of the perpass effort. However, I think
> way too much emphasis is being put on the "passive" part. We need to
> remember that perfect is the enemy of the good, but at the same time it
> would be unfortunate to spend a huge amount of effort trying to prevent
> passive attacks while making active attacks easier to carry out.
> Cheers,
> Brian
> --
> Mozilla Networking/Crypto/Security (Necko/NSS/PSM)

Received on Sunday, 15 December 2013 23:03:56 UTC