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Re: Contradictions regarding transitivity of wsdl:import

From: Arthur Ryman <ryman@ca.ibm.com>
Date: Tue, 19 Apr 2005 21:41:13 -0400
To: Roberto Chinnici <Roberto.Chinnici@Sun.COM>
Cc: "Yalcinalp, Umit" <umit.yalcinalp@sap.com>, www-ws-desc@w3.org, www-ws-desc-request@w3.org
Message-ID: <OF355594DC.487BA853-ON85256FE9.00087A10-85256FE9.0009427E@ca.ibm.com>
Roberto,

I think they are at least self-consistent, if not completely intuitive.

The rule for import is that if your document refers to another namespace, 
then you MUST import it, whether or not some document that you include 
already imports it. At least this rule is easy to check.

Can you think of any other reason for not having a 1-1 correspondence 
between Description components and documents?


Arthur Ryman,
Rational Desktop Tools Development

phone: +1-905-413-3077, TL 969-3077
assistant: +1-905-413-2411, TL 969-2411
fax: +1-905-413-4920, TL 969-4920
mobile: +1-416-939-5063, text: 4169395063@fido.ca
intranet: http://labweb.torolab.ibm.com/DRY6/



Roberto Chinnici <Roberto.Chinnici@Sun.COM> 
Sent by: www-ws-desc-request@w3.org
04/19/2005 08:22 PM

To
Arthur Ryman/Toronto/IBM@IBMCA
cc
"Yalcinalp, Umit" <umit.yalcinalp@sap.com>, www-ws-desc@w3.org, 
www-ws-desc-request@w3.org
Subject
Re: Contradictions regarding transitivity of wsdl:import







Indeed, I send it before I saw your XSD example. But what if (gasp!)
XML Schema got it wrong?

Roberto

Arthur Ryman wrote:
> 
> Roberto,
> 
> I guess you wrote this before I sent my detailed XSD example. The 
> behavior I described is how XSD works. Includes DO NOT  bring in 
> imports.In the example below A3 cannot see B1.
> 
> Arthur Ryman,
> Rational Desktop Tools Development
> 
> phone: +1-905-413-3077, TL 969-3077
> assistant: +1-905-413-2411, TL 969-2411
> fax: +1-905-413-4920, TL 969-4920
> mobile: +1-416-939-5063, text: 4169395063@fido.ca
> intranet: http://labweb.torolab.ibm.com/DRY6/
> 
> 
> *Roberto Chinnici <Roberto.Chinnici@Sun.COM>*
> Sent by: www-ws-desc-request@w3.org
> 
> 04/19/2005 06:19 PM
> 
> 
> To
>                Arthur Ryman/Toronto/IBM@IBMCA
> cc
>                "Yalcinalp, Umit" <umit.yalcinalp@sap.com>, 
www-ws-desc@w3.org, 
> www-ws-desc-request@w3.org
> Subject
>                Re: Contradictions regarding transitivity of wsdl:import
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> 
> By the argument I made in my previous email, the rule you describe
> is wrong and should be changed. I.e. in
> 
>  > Let A1 import B1.
>  > Let A3 include A1 and A2.
> 
> components in B1 should be visible in all of A3.
> 
> Components in B1 would not be visible in A2 if the latter was processed
> as a stand-alone description, but they would be visible there when A2 is
> processed indirectly as a consequence of its inclusion in A3.
> 
> Roberto
> 
> Arthur Ryman wrote:
>  >
>  > Roberto,
>  >
>  > Unfortunately, if we treat <include> the way you'd like, then we run
>  > into problems wrt to visibility.
>  >
>  > Let A and B be different namespaces.
>  >
>  > Let  A1, A2, A3, and B1 be documents for the corresponding 
namespaces.
>  > Let A3 be the root document.
>  >
>  > Let A1 import B1.
>  > Let A3 include A1 and A2.
>  >
>  > If we only have 2 Description components (for A and B), then we can't
>  > express that fact that the components defined in B1 are not visible 
to
>  > the components defined in A2.
>  >
>  > BTW, my interpretation of include is that it only applies to the WSDL
>  > components and not to any imports or types defined in the document. 
An
>  > import must be lexically present in any document that references
>  > components from another namespace.
>  >
>  > If this example, it would be illegal for a component directly defined 
in
>  > A3 to reference a component defined in B1, even though A3 includes A1
>  > which imports B1.
>  >
>  > I could simplify the example as:
>  >
>  > Let A1 import B1.
>  > Let A2 include A1.
>  >
>  > The we lose the fact that B1 is not visible to the component directly
>  > defined in A2.
>  >
>  > Arthur Ryman,
>  > Rational Desktop Tools Development
>  >
>  > phone: +1-905-413-3077, TL 969-3077
>  > assistant: +1-905-413-2411, TL 969-2411
>  > fax: +1-905-413-4920, TL 969-4920
>  > mobile: +1-416-939-5063, text: 4169395063@fido.ca
>  > intranet: http://labweb.torolab.ibm.com/DRY6/
>  >
>  >
>  > *Roberto Chinnici <Roberto.Chinnici@Sun.COM>*
>  > Sent by: www-ws-desc-request@w3.org
>  >
>  > 04/19/2005 04:49 PM
>  >
>  > 
>  > To
>  >                  Arthur Ryman/Toronto/IBM@IBMCA
>  > cc
>  >                  "Yalcinalp, Umit" <umit.yalcinalp@sap.com>, 
> www-ws-desc@w3.org,
>  > www-ws-desc-request@w3.org
>  > Subject
>  >                  Re: Contradictions regarding transitivity of 
wsdl:import
>  >
>  >
>  > 
>  >
>  >
>  >
>  >
>  >
>  >
>  > Arthur,
>  >
>  > I agree with everything you wrote wrt import, but I think that 
"include"
>  > should do exactly that, i.e. collect pieces of a description spread 
over
>  > several documents and produce just one description component.
>  >
>  > In other words, wsdl:include should be invisible from a component
>  > model point of view: a single-document description and an equivalent
>  > one spread over multiple documents for authoring convenience should
>  > be indistinguishable. As evidence, I would point to the fact that 
given
>  > a single description component, a tool should be free to serialize it 
as
>  > a single document or as multiple ones (using wsdl:include).
>  >
>  > IMHO, that's the whole idea behind any inclusion facility, regardless 
of
>  > the particular language to which it applies. Otherwise, it shouldn't
>  > be called "include".
>  >
>  > Roberto
>  >
>  >
>  > Arthur Ryman wrote:
>  >  >
>  >  > Roberto,
>  >  >
>  >  > Option 2, which makes a closer connection between Description 
> components
>  >  > and <description> documents introduces some additional questions.
>  >  >
>  >  > I suggest that we have a 1-1 correspondence between Description
>  >  > components and documents, and that we would model the <import> and
>  >  > <include> elements as relations between Description documents. 
Each
>  >  > Description component would only include the components directly 
> defined
>  >  > in the corresponding document.
>  >  >
>  >  > I'd add the following properties to Description:
>  >  >
>  >  > {location} the URI of the document
>  >  > {target namespace} the absolute URI target namespace of the 
document
>  >  > {imports} a set of Description components that this document 
imports
>  >  > {includes} a set of Description components that this document 
includes
>  >  >
>  >  > If a namespace is deemed to be well-known in some context, i.e. 
the
>  >  > <import> gives no explicit @location, then the processor can 
> assign it a
>  >  > synthetic {location}.
>  >  >
>  >  > A Component Model is then a non-empty set of Description 
> components with
>  >  > one Description component distinguished as the root. Each 
Description
>  >  > component is uniquely identified by its {location} property. The
>  >  > Description components form a connected, directed graph wrt the 
> imports
>  >  > and includes relation. Each Description MUST be reachable from the 

> root
>  >  > Description component.
>  >  >
>  >  > We can express the visibility rules wrt to the import and include
>  >  > relations.
>  >  >
>  >  > This raises the question of how to handle equivalent components. I
>  >  > suggest that one only allow one instance of any top-level 
> component, and
>  >  > we allow more than more Description component to refer to it. For
>  >  > example, if document1 and document2 both contained equivalent 
> interface1
>  >  > components then both document1 and document2 would refer to the 
same
>  >  > interface1 component. This fits well with the {parent} property 
since
>  >  > the top level components do not have parents.
>  >  >
>  >  >
>  >  > Arthur Ryman,
>  >  > Rational Desktop Tools Development
>  >  >
>  >  > phone: +1-905-413-3077, TL 969-3077
>  >  > assistant: +1-905-413-2411, TL 969-2411
>  >  > fax: +1-905-413-4920, TL 969-4920
>  >  > mobile: +1-416-939-5063, text: 4169395063@fido.ca
>  >  > intranet: http://labweb.torolab.ibm.com/DRY6/
>  >  >
>  >  >
>  >  > *Roberto Chinnici <Roberto.Chinnici@Sun.COM>*
>  >  > Sent by: www-ws-desc-request@w3.org
>  >  >
>  >  > 04/19/2005 01:35 PM
>  >  >
>  >  > 
>  >  > To
>  >  >                  "Yalcinalp, Umit" <umit.yalcinalp@sap.com>
>  >  > cc
>  >  >                  www-ws-desc@w3.org
>  >  > Subject
>  >  >                  Re: Contradictions regarding transitivity of 
> wsdl:import
>  >  >
>  >  >
>  >  > 
>  >  >
>  >  >
>  >  >
>  >  >
>  >  >
>  >  >
>  >  > I don't like this name change either.
>  >  >
>  >  > Besides the confusion caused by the proposed name change, I find 
> option
>  >  > 2 in Arthur's email a lot more appealing. Since David Booth called 
it
>  >  > "a considerably clearer and more straightforward way to go", I 
would
>  >  > suggest that examine it more carefully. My impression is that by
>  >  > aligning the description component with the intuitive concept of a
>  >  > description document, it will make things easier to grok for 
users.
>  >  > The issues around component equivalence don't seem unsolvable.
>  >  >
>  >  > By the way, I'm assuming that if we go with option 2, wsdl:include 

> would
>  >  > not cause a second Description component with the same 
targetNamespace
>  >  > as the including document to appear but would simply add 
components to
>  >  > the existing one.
>  >  >
>  >  > Roberto
>  >  >
>  >  >
>  >  > Yalcinalp, Umit wrote:
>  >  >  > Wouldn't this "name change" appear to imply that there are 
multiple
>  >  >  > component models rather than multiple descriptions? That is 
more
>  >  >  > confusing rather than clarifying IMO.
>  >  >  > 
>  >  >  > -1
>  >  >  > 
>  >  >  > --umit
>  >  >  > 
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  > 
>  >  > 
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>  >  >  >     *From:* www-ws-desc-request@w3.org
>  >  > [mailto:www-ws-desc-request@w3.org]
>  >  >  >     *Sent:* Tuesday, Apr 19, 2005 8:29 AM
>  >  >  >     *To:* Arthur Ryman
>  >  >  >     *Cc:* David Booth; www-ws-desc@w3.org; 
> www-ws-desc-request@w3.org
>  >  >  >     *Subject:* RE: Contradictions regarding transitivity of
>  > wsdl:import
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >     OK, just wanted to make sure I'd understood the proposal. I 

> think
>  >  >  >     that change is fine. If such a minor change clears up the
>  > confusion,
>  >  >  >     I'm all for it!!!
>  >  >  >     Gudge
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  > 
>  >  > 
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>  >  >  >         *From:* Arthur Ryman [mailto:ryman@ca.ibm.com]
>  >  >  >         *Sent:* Tuesday, April 19, 2005 8:18 AM
>  >  >  >         *To:* Martin Gudgin
>  >  >  >         *Cc:* David Booth; www-ws-desc@w3.org;
>  > www-ws-desc-request@w3.org
>  >  >  >         *Subject:* RE: Contradictions regarding transitivity of
>  >  > wsdl:import
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         Gudge,
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         That's what I am proposing. What's your opinion?
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         Arthur Ryman,
>  >  >  >         Rational Desktop Tools Development
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         phone: +1-905-413-3077, TL 969-3077
>  >  >  >         assistant: +1-905-413-2411, TL 969-2411
>  >  >  >         fax: +1-905-413-4920, TL 969-4920
>  >  >  >         mobile: +1-416-939-5063, text: 4169395063@fido.ca
>  >  >  >         intranet: http://labweb.torolab.ibm.com/DRY6/
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         *"Martin Gudgin" <mgudgin@microsoft.com>*
>  >  >  >         Sent by: www-ws-desc-request@w3.org
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         04/19/2005 10:35 AM
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  > 
>  >  >  >         To
>  >  >  >                          Arthur Ryman/Toronto/IBM@IBMCA
>  >  >  >         cc
>  >  >  >                          "David Booth" <dbooth@w3.org>,
>  >  > <www-ws-desc@w3.org>,
>  >  >  >         <www-ws-desc-request@w3.org>
>  >  >  >         Subject
>  >  >  >                          RE: Contradictions regarding 
> transitivity of
>  >  > wsdl:import
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  > 
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         So, to summarize; the plan is to rename, at the 
component
>  > model
>  >  >  >         level, the 'Description' component to be called the 
> 'Component
>  >  >  >         Model' component?
>  >  >  > 
>  >  >  >         Gudge
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  > 
>  >  > 
> ------------------------------------------------------------------------
>  >  >  >         *From:* Arthur Ryman [mailto:ryman@ca.ibm.com] *
>  >  >  >         Sent:* Tuesday, April 19, 2005 6:07 AM*
>  >  >  >         To:* Martin Gudgin*
>  >  >  >         Cc:* David Booth; www-ws-desc@w3.org;
>  > www-ws-desc-request@w3.org*
>  >  >  >         Subject:* RE: Contradictions regarding transitivity of
>  >  > wsdl:import
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         Martin,
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         After your note, David phoned me and we talked for a 
long
>  > time.
>  >  >  >         The conversation pointed out to me that what I 
considered
>  > to be
>  >  >  >         the obvious interpretation of the component model was 
> not so
>  >  >  >         obvious.
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         My interpretation was that the Description component 
> contained
>  >  >  >         all the components from all the documents. i.e., we are 

> only
>  >  >  >         talking about a single component model instance. Any 
> reference
>  >  >  >         from one component must land on another component 
> within the
>  >  >  >         same Description component.
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         However, David thought that the Description component 
> mapped
>  >  >  >         more closely to the <description> element and that it
>  > contained
>  >  >  >         only those components that were "visible" to the 
components
>  >  >  >         defined in the document.
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         I think this confusion could be reduced by adopting 
> Option 1,
>  >  >  >         namely get rid of the Description component and replace 
it
>  > with
>  >  >  >         a new object named "Component Model". That would make 
> is clear
>  >  >  >         that there is no close correspondence with a document.
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         The Component Model object would contain the same
>  > properties as
>  >  >  >         the current Description component. These properties
>  > contain the
>  >  >  >         "root" components: interfaces, bindings, services, and 
> types.
>  >  >  >         All other components are nested within the root 
components.
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         Option 1 also has the benefit that we finally define 
the
>  >  >  >         Component Model in the same amount of detail as we 
> define the
>  >  >  >         components. The spec refers to the component model a 
> lot but
>  >  >  >         never actually defines in much detail.
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         Arthur Ryman,
>  >  >  >         Rational Desktop Tools Development
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         phone: +1-905-413-3077, TL 969-3077
>  >  >  >         assistant: +1-905-413-2411, TL 969-2411
>  >  >  >         fax: +1-905-413-4920, TL 969-4920
>  >  >  >         mobile: +1-416-939-5063, text: 4169395063@fido.ca
>  >  >  >         intranet: http://labweb.torolab.ibm.com/DRY6/
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         *"Martin Gudgin" <mgudgin@microsoft.com>*
>  >  >  >         Sent by: www-ws-desc-request@w3.org
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         04/18/2005 09:56 PM
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  > 
>  >  >  >         To
>  >  >  >                          "David Booth" <dbooth@w3.org>, Arthur
>  >  > Ryman/Toronto/IBM@IBMCA
>  >  >  >         cc
>  >  >  >                          <www-ws-desc@w3.org>
>  >  >  >         Subject
>  >  >  >                          RE: Contradictions regarding 
> transitivity of
>  >  > wsdl:import
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  > 
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         I didn't think this was where we ended up after my
>  > 'illumination'
>  >  >  >         e-mail... What happened?
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >         Gudge
>  >  >  >
>  >  >  >          > -----Original Message-----
>  >  >  >          > From: David Booth [mailto:dbooth@w3.org]
>  >  >  >          > Sent: Monday, April 18, 2005 6:53 PM
>  >  >  >          > To: Arthur Ryman
>  >  >  >          > Cc: Martin Gudgin; www-ws-desc@w3.org
>  >  >  >          > Subject: RE: Contradictions regarding transitivity 
of
>  >  > wsdl:import
>  >  >  >          >
>  >  >  >          > On Mon, 2005-04-18 at 12:17, Arthur Ryman wrote:
>  >  >  >          > > David,
>  >  >  >          > >
>  >  >  >          > > I don't think this works in general. The reason is 

> that
>  >  >  >         documents
>  >  >  >          > > refer to each other so there really isn't a 
component
>  > model
>  >  >  >         for each
>  >  >  >          > > document..
>  >  >  >          >
>  >  >  >          > I now understand that that is the current design of 
the
>  >  > component
>  >  >  >          > model.  I was suggesting that instead there should 
be a
>  >  >  >          > component model
>  >  >  >          > for each WSDL 2.0 document (i.e., each 
wsdl:description
>  >  > element
>  >  >  >          > information item), along the lines of option 2 that 
you
>  >  >  >         propose below.
>  >  >  >          >
>  >  >  >          > >
>  >  >  >          > > You could have a document that didn't refer to any 

> other
>  >  >  >          > document, and
>  >  >  >          > > that would have a component model. That is a 
> "leaf" node.
>  >  >  >          > >
>  >  >  >          > > Document can actually have circular references to
>  >  >  >          > eachother. The spec
>  >  >  >          > > permits this. The component model therefore must 
> include
>  >  >  >         all the
>  >  >  >          > > components in order to satisfy the intercomponent
>  >  > references.
>  >  >  >          > >
>  >  >  >          > > My reading of the spec is that all components 
> belong to a
>  >  >  >         single
>  >  >  >          > > instance of the component model. The instance is
>  > defined by
>  >  >  >         a root
>  >  >  >          > > document and the set of documents it references.
>  >  >  >          > >
>  >  >  >          > > There are two possible ways we could improve the
>  > clarity of
>  >  >  >          > the spec:
>  >  >  >          > >
>  >  >  >          > > Option 1. Rename the Description Component to the
>  > Component
>  >  >  >         Model
>  >  >  >          > >
>  >  >  >          > > This actually eliminates the Description component
>  >  >  >         altogether and
>  >  >  >          > > replaces it with an object called the Component
>  > Model. The
>  >  >  >          > spec talks
>  >  >  >          > > a lot about the component model, but never 
actually
>  > defines
>  >  >  >          > it. We can
>  >  >  >          > > make it clear that the component model contains 
> all the
>  >  >  >         components
>  >  >  >          > > from all the documents processed.
>  >  >  >          > >
>  >  >  >          > > Option 2. Define the Component Model to be a set 
of
>  >  > Description
>  >  >  >          > > Components, and restrict each Description 
component
>  > to only
>  >  >  >         contain
>  >  >  >          > > the components defined in it
>  >  >  >          >
>  >  >  >          > Yes, I think this approach would be a considerably 
> clearer
>  >  >  >         and more
>  >  >  >          > straightforward way to go.  However, I would nitpick 

> about
>  >  >  >         the word
>  >  >  >          > "set".  "Directed graph" would be more precise:  A 
given
>  >  > WSDL 2.0
>  >  >  >          > document would have a single Description component,
>  > which may
>  >  >  >         refer to
>  >  >  >          > other Description components (if the original WSDL 
2.0
>  >  >  >          > document imports
>  >  >  >          > other documents, for example), thus representing a 
> directed
>  >  >  >         graph.
>  >  >  >          >
>  >  >  >          > >
>  >  >  >          > > This makes the mapping between Description 
> components and
>  >  >  >         documents
>  >  >  >          > > clearer.
>  >  >  >          >
>  >  >  >          > Yes, and we need people to understand our spec.  We 
have
>  >  > already
>  >  >  >          > received complaints about how hard it is to 
> understand. 
>  >  >  >          >
>  >  >  >          > > It introduces the technical subtlety of what to do 

> about
>  >  >  >         duplicated
>  >  >  >          > > components. We currently allow duplicate 
components
>  > to come
>  >  >  >         from
>  >  >  >          > > different documents as long as the components are
>  >  >  >         equivalent. To
>  >  >  >          > > resolve component references, we need to pick a
>  > particular
>  >  >  >         component
>  >  >  >          > > among the set of equivant components (or formally
>  > introduce
>  >  >  >          > the notion
>  >  >  >          > > of equivalence class and make component references
>  > resolve
>  >  >  >          > to those).
>  >  >  >          >
>  >  >  >          > I think we have that subtlety already, but you're 
> right it
>  >  >  >          > will have to
>  >  >  >          > be resolved differently.  There are several ways it
>  > could be
>  >  >  >          > handled.  I
>  >  >  >          > doubt equivalence classes would be needed.  One way 
> is for
>  >  > each
>  >  >  >          > Description component to have an {imported 
descriptions}
>  >  >  >          > property.  Then
>  >  >  >          > if a new document is imported, ignore it if its
>  > corresponding
>  >  >  >          > Description component is already in that set.
>  >  >  >          >
>  >  >  >          >
>  >  >  >          > --
>  >  >  >          > David Booth <dbooth@w3.org>
Received on Wednesday, 20 April 2005 01:41:23 GMT

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