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RE: Definitions: impairment, disability and handicap

From: Katie Haritos-Shea <ryladog@earthlink.net>
Date: Thu, 20 Jun 2002 12:58:38 -0400
To: "'Emmanuelle Gutiérrez y Restrepo'" <emmanuelle@mi.madritel.es>, "'Ian B. Jacobs'" <ij@w3.org>, "'Wendy A Chisholm'" <wendy@w3.org>
Cc: "'3WC WAI X-TECH'" <wai-xtech@w3.org>, "'Charles McCathieNevile'" <charles@w3.org>
Message-ID: <009a01c2187b$bd8db520$d1c6c943@KSHEA>

I agree with Emmanuelle...........Katie

Katie Haritos-Shea

Internet/Software/Device Accessibility and Standards
Strategist/Developer/Evangelist

#571-220-7777

"The best and most beautiful things in the world
     cannot be seen or even touched.
    They must be felt with the heart."
                - Helen Keller

-----Original Message-----
From: Emmanuelle Gutiérrez y Restrepo [mailto:emmanuelle@mi.madritel.es]

Sent: Thursday, June 20, 2002 11:33 AM
To: Ian B. Jacobs; Wendy A Chisholm
Cc: Katie Haritos-Shea; 3WC WAI X-TECH; Charles McCathieNevile
Subject: Re: Definitions: impairment, disability and handicap


Hi Ian,

In fact, the definitions of the WHO seek not to be based on medical
terms but covering the social and personal aspects of the disability.

It is important to use the terms proposed by WHO to avoid confusion and
the possibility of hurting the sensibility of some people.

Regards,
Emmanuelle
----- Original Message -----
From: "Ian B. Jacobs" <ij@w3.org>
To: "Wendy A Chisholm" <wendy@w3.org>
Cc: "Katie Haritos-Shea" <ryladog@earthlink.net>; "3WC WAI X-TECH"
<wai-xtech@w3.org>; "Charles McCathieNevile" <charles@w3.org>
Sent: Thursday, June 20, 2002 4:22 PM
Subject: Re: Definitions: impairment, disability and handicap



Wendy A Chisholm wrote:
> Ian,
>
> Where does the WAI currently define these?  I've not found anything in

> the glossaries of the expected places (ATAG, WCAG, UAAG, "How PWD Use 
> the Web").


We don't define impairment, disability, or handicap. Instead, we talk
about "accessible: can be used by a person with a disability" and we
talk about different disabilities.

There was resistance to adopting definitions that were
based in medical terms, I believe.

  _ Ian


> --w
>
> At 08:08 AM 6/20/02, Ian B. Jacobs wrote:
>
>> Katie Haritos-Shea wrote:
>>
>>> As discussed back in Nov 2001 by Emmanuelle Gutiérrez y Restrepo, 
>>> and Lisa Seeman.........I also feel that we should be using the 
>>> World Health Organization's definitions for these terms. I will be 
>>> including them in the WAI Glossary as such, unless further 
>>> discussion warrants a change.
>>
>>
>> Hi Katie,
>>
>> We discussed these definitions a long time ago in the UAWG and I 
>> think the WAI CG preferred that we not use them in the WAI 
>> Guidelines. This was discussed by the WAI CG in December 1999, and I 
>> believe that it was preferred that we keep the WAI definitions.
>>
>> You might want to get the WAI CG to re-issue their
>> opinion.
>>
>>  - Ian
>>
>>> As defined by the World Health Organization (WHO)
>>> 1.  impairment refers to an abnormality of body structure, 
>>> appearance, organ and system functioning.
>>> (Impairments are problems in body function or structure such as a
>>> significant deviation or loss)
>>> 2. disability is the consequence of an impairment in functional
>>> performance and
>>> activity
>>>
>>> 3. handicap is the consequence which is reflected in interaction 
>>> with, and adaptation to, the surroundings
>>>
>>> Katie Haritos-Shea
>>> Internet/Software/Device Accessibility and Standards 
>>> Strategist/Developer/Evangelist #571-220-7777
>>> "The best and most beautiful things in the world
>>>      cannot be seen or even touched.
>>>     They must be felt with the heart."
>>>                 - Helen Keller
>>
>>
>>
>>
>> --
>> Ian Jacobs (ij@w3.org)   http://www.w3.org/People/Jacobs
>> Tel:                     +1 718 260-9447
>
>



--
Ian Jacobs (ij@w3.org)   http://www.w3.org/People/Jacobs
Tel:                     +1 718 260-9447
Received on Thursday, 20 June 2002 12:59:07 UTC

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