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[Bug 10] Round-tripping namespace decls in properties

From: <bugzilla@soe.ucsc.edu>
Date: Mon, 5 Dec 2005 03:01:48 -0800
Message-Id: <200512051101.jB5B1lqL031501@ietf.cse.ucsc.edu>
To: w3c-dist-auth@w3.org

http://ietf.cse.ucsc.edu:8080/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=10





------- Additional Comments From julian.reschke@greenbytes.de  2005-12-05 03:01 -------
> - I believe any "xml:lang" value in scope must be preserved, not just on the
> property element or its parent.

Yes.

> - I am adding "in the value" to some of these to be clear where the Info Items
> are.

See my proposal.

> - Does it make sense to say that on attributes, [attributes] must be
> preserved?
> I think this was a cut-and-paste error so I am leaving it out.

It's a mistake. Please let's dicuss this change over here, and only integrate it
when done.

> - Did you consider whether [references] ought to be preserved on attributes? 
> What's the consequence if they're not?

As far as I can tell, this question is meaningless at it doesn't affect the
serialization.

Updated proposal below:

4.4  Property Values

   The value of a property is always a (well-formed) XML fragment.

   XML has been chosen because it is a flexible, self-describing,
   structured data format that supports rich schema definitions, and
   because of its support for multiple character sets.  XML's self-
   describing nature allows any property's value to be extended by
   adding new elements.  Older clients will not break when they
   encounter extensions because they will still have the data specified
   in the original schema and MUST ignore elements they do not
   understand.

   XML's support for multiple character sets allows any human-readable
   property to be encoded and read in a character set familiar to the
   user.  XML's support for multiple human languages, using the "xml:
   lang" attribute, handles cases where the same character set is
   employed by multiple human languages.  Note that xml:lang scope is
   recursive, so a xml:lang attribute on any element containing a
   property name element applies to the property value unless it has
   been overridden by a more locally scoped attribute.  Note that a
   property only has one value, in one language (or language MAY be left
   undefined), not multiple values in different languages or a single
   value in multiple languages.

   A property is always presented with an XML element consisting of the
   property name, called the "property name element".

   The simplest example is an empty property, which is different from a
   property that does not exist:

      <title xmlns="http://www.example.com/ns/"></title>

   The value of the property appears inside the property name element.
   It may be any kind of well-formed XML content, including both text-
   only and mixed content.  In the latter case, servers MUST preserve
   certain aspects of the content.  Using the terminology from [REC-XML-
   INFOSET], the following rules apply:

   For the property name Element Information Item itself:

      [namespace name],

      [local name],

      [attributes] named "xml:lang" or any such attribute in scope,

      [children] of type element or character.

   On all Element Information Items that are descendants of the property
   name element:

      [namespace name],

      [local name],

      [attributes] and

      [children] of type element or character.

   On Attribute Information Items:

      [namespace name],

      [local name] and

      [normalized value].

   On Character Information Items::

      [character code].

   Future revisions of this specification may also require to preserve
   namespace prefixes for child elements of the property elements, thus
   servers SHOULD preserve the [prefix] as well. [[preserve.more.xml:
   Feedback if we should ask implementors to preserve more in the future
   is appreciated (such as comments).]]

   XML Infoset attributes not listed above MAY be preserved by the
   server, but clients MUST NOT rely on them being preserved.

   Also note that whitespace inside values is always significant, and
   that servers MUST NOT support overriding this using the xml:space
   attribute.

4.4.1  Example - Property with Mixed Content

   Consider a dead property 'author' created by the client as follows:

       <D:prop xml:lang='en' xmlns:D='DAV:'>
         <x:author xmlns:x='http://example.com/ns'>
           <x:name>Jane Doe</x:name>
           <!-- Jane's contact info -->
           <x:uri type='email' added='2005-11-26'
           >mailto:jane.doe@example.com</x:uri>
           <x:uri type='web' added='2005-11-27'
           >http://www.example.com</x:uri>
           <x:notes xmlns:h='http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml'>
             Jane has been working way <h:em>too</h:em> long on the
             long-awaited revision of <![CDATA[<RFC2518>]]>.
           </x:notes>
         </x:author>
       </D:prop>

   When retrieving the property, a server may return:

       <D:prop xmlns:D='DAV:'>
         <author xmlns="http://example.com/ns"
                    xmlns:x="http://example.com/ns"
                    xml:lang="en">
           <x:name>Jane Doe</x:name>
           <x:uri added="2005-11-26" type="email"
           >mailto:jane.doe@example.com</x:uri>
           <x:uri added="2005-11-27" type="web"
           >http://www.example.com</x:uri>
           <x:notes xmlns:h="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
             Jane has been working way <h:em>too</h:em> long on the
             long-awaited revision of &lt;RFC2518&gt;.
           </x:notes>
         </author>
       </D:prop>

   Note:

   o  The [prefix] for the property name itself was not preserved, being
      non-significant,

   o  attribute values have been rewritten with double quotes instead of
      single quotes (quoting style is not significant), and attribute
      order has not been preserved,

   o  the xml:lang attribute has been returned on the property name
      element itself (it was in scope when the property was set, but the
      exact position in the response is not considered significant as
      long as it is in scope),

   o  the [prefix] has been preserved on the child element "notes",

   o  whitespace between tags has been preserved everywhere (but the
      fact that CDATA escaping was used is irrelevant), and

   o  the comment item was stripped (as would have been a processing
      instruction item).

   Implementation note:

      There are cases such as editing scenarios where clients may
      require that XML content is preserved character-by-character (such
      as attribute ordering or quoting style).  In this case, clients
      should consider using a text-only property value by escaping all
      characters that have a special meaning in XML parsing.



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Received on Monday, 5 December 2005 11:01:57 GMT

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