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RE: completeness

From: Michael Schneider <schneid@fzi.de>
Date: Mon, 25 Feb 2008 10:46:29 +0100
Message-ID: <0EF30CAA69519C4CB91D01481AEA06A07510A2@judith.fzi.de>
To: "Bijan Parsia" <bparsia@cs.man.ac.uk>
Cc: "OWL Working Group WG" <public-owl-wg@w3.org>
On Friday, 2008-02-22, I answered to Bijan:

>>(I would think that ground graphs on the rhs would be sufficient to  
>>avoid NP completeness. OTOH, if you treat BNodes as names instead of  
>>variables, then all graphs are effectively ground.)
>
>And the pD* paper [20] confirms your assumption: The paper's 
>introduction explains (and it is later proven) that 
>NP-completeness can already be shown for Simple Entailment, 
>the smallest semantics which treats bNodes as existentials. 
>The amazing thing is: It doesn't get worse for RDFS and even
>for pD*! It is shown in the paper (though I haven't checked 
>yet) that entailment checking is NP-complete for pD* in 
>general, but polynomial, if there are no (existentially 
>interpreted) bNodes in the regarded graphs.

I now see that I was imprecise in my last mail. It is really as you said above: It suffices to have only the /RHS/ of an entailment to be ground in order to be in P.

This has the important consequence that for pD* the consistency problem is in P (w.r.t. the size of the regarded RDF graph), even if the graph contains existentially interpreted bNodes (Theorem 5.15 of the pD* paper [20]). 

The reason is that in order to decide whether some RDF graph G is consistent or not, one only has to do polynomially many entailment checks, where all involved RHS graphs are ground, and are of constant-bound size.

Cheers,
Michael

[20] <http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1570826805000144>

--
Dipl.-Inform. Michael Schneider
FZI Forschungszentrum Informatik Karlsruhe
Abtl. Information Process Engineering (IPE)
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Received on Monday, 25 February 2008 09:46:43 GMT

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