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Re: Toward a web standard for XAI?

From: Dave Raggett <dsr@w3.org>
Date: Thu, 1 Nov 2018 09:14:43 +0000
Message-Id: <3EA78006-42A5-4D9A-BFB6-B7D67A290757@w3.org>
Cc: "paoladimaio10@googlemail.com" <paoladimaio10@googlemail.com>, "public-aikr@w3.org" <public-aikr@w3.org>, semantic-web at W3C <semantic-web@w3c.org>
To: Adam Sobieski <adamsobieski@hotmail.com>
It is certainly interesting, but I expect that there are larger opportunities if we look at opportunities to combine computational statistics with symbolic representations and reasoning.  An example is vision, where deep learning works well if you have large training sets and the data you want to apply the trained network to reflects the same statistics as the training set. Unfortunately, that is often not the case, e.g. due to changes in lighting, weather.

Many species of animals are able to see very soon after birth and clearly aren’t reliant on huge training sets. Moreover, they are able to perceive objects that they have never seen before.  This calls for a more sophisticated architecture than stochastic back propagation, one that can embody induction based upon commonalities and abduction for inferring the presence of a previously learned object from cues. Moreover, for survival, animals need to recognise behaviour and to distinguish predators from others. This means learning to spot patterns of behaviour and to associate then with a class of things that have been learned by induction.


> On 1 Nov 2018, at 07:35, Adam Sobieski <adamsobieski@hotmail.com> wrote:
> 
> Artificial Intelligence Knowledge Representation Community Group,
> Semantic Web Interest Group,
> Paola Di Maio,
>  
> Artificial intelligence and machine learning systems could produce explanation and/or argumentation [1].
>  
> Deep learning models can be assembled by interconnecting components [2][3]. Sets of interconnected components can become interconnectable composite components. XAI [4] approaches should work for deep learning models assembled by interconnecting components. We can envision explanations and arguments, or generators for such, forming as deep learning models are assembled from components.
>  
> What do you think about XAI and deep learning models assembled by interconnecting components?
>  
>  
> Best regards,
> Adam Sobieski
> http://www.phoster.com/contents/ <http://www.phoster.com/contents/>
>  
> [1] https://www.w3.org/community/argumentation/ <https://www.w3.org/community/argumentation/>
> [2] https://www.lobe.ai/ <https://www.lobe.ai/>
> [3] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IN69suHxS8w <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IN69suHxS8w>
> [4] https://www.darpa.mil/program/explainable-artificial-intelligence <https://www.darpa.mil/program/explainable-artificial-intelligence>
> 

Dave Raggett <dsr@w3.org> http://www.w3.org/People/Raggett
W3C Data Activity Lead & W3C champion for the Web of things 
Received on Thursday, 1 November 2018 09:14:48 UTC

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