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Re: Draft Specification for Service Based Approach Using WebSockets

From: Gavigan, Kevin <kgavigan@jaguarlandrover.com>
Date: Wed, 8 Jun 2016 09:14:56 +0100
Message-ID: <CAKaHsmf1h19cvu3LA_Pq9=xbB0Rk7sEYu9y5SgH4BP2bKME17A@mail.gmail.com>
To: Song Li <ls@newskysecurity.com>
Cc: Junichi Hashimoto <xju-hashimoto@kddi.com>, Paul Boyes <Paul.Boyes@inrix.com>, Peter Winzell <Peter.Winzell@melcogot.com>, "Crofts, Adam" <acrofts1@jaguarlandrover.com>, public-automotive <public-automotive@w3.org>, Peter Virk <pvirk1@jaguarlandrover.com>, Lovene Bhatia <lbhatia@jaguarlandrover.com>
Hi Song Li

Thank you to you and Junichi for excellent and very helpful feedback

I would be very grateful if you could expand on the points you made in your
proposal - I have added a question in blue below.


   1. Name the server machine differently from "localhost". - Flexibility
   in long term evolution, can resolve the name to same machine or different
   machine

localhost is being used to enable clients running on the vehicle to connect
to a server that is also running on the vehicle. This server (which may be
implemented using e.g. node.js is acting as a gateway on that vehicle to
vehicle signals. There may be other offboard clients, but they also have to
obtain the IP address of the vehicle when it is connected to the internet,
in addition to being able to address the server running on the vehicle.

Instead of using localhost, are you proposing that each server implementer
(vehicle manufacturer) should use a different domain name or ip address for
the 'server' on the vehicles they manufacture (and this is made known to
the client via documentation or a discovery mechanism) or is there a better
mechanism?

I would be very grateful if you could you please expand on how the
alternative to using localhost would work?

Thanks and regards,

Kevin

*Kevin Gavigan BSc, MSc, PhD, MCP, MCTS*
*Software Architect*
*Connected Infotainment*
*Electrical, Electronic and Software Engineering (EESE)*
Jaguar Land Rover


*Mobile: 07990 084866*
*Email:* kgavigan@jaguarlandrover.com

*Office address:*
GO03/057 • Building 523, Gaydon • Maildrop: (G03)
Jaguar Land Rover • Banbury Road • Gaydon • Warwick • CV35 0RR

On 8 June 2016 at 02:41, Song Li <ls@newskysecurity.com> wrote:

> Hi Junichi,
>
> Thanks for pointing this out - yes, when the client is running on the same
> machine as the server, it is a much higher risk if the client is controlled
> by attackers, as you pointed out in your email, the attacker will have
> access to the server's certificate, and other sensitive information, from
> the file system.
>
> From security's perspective, and putting long-term system evolution into
> consideration, I think the problem is "localhost". I am wondering if the
> assumption that client and server are running on the same machine will
> always be true. It may be the case today, a client is running on the same
> computer as the server, but it may not be true in the future, and if it
> does happen that client runs on a separate machine than the server, our
> code should be able to call server. By binding the server to localhost,
> this will not be possible.
>
> May I propose to give the server a different name? The server's name can
> be resolved to the same machine as the client, as it is today, it can also
> be resolved to a different machine in the future. On the security side, the
> machine running the client should not name the path where the server stores
> its sensitive information, i.e. certs, tokens, DB, etc. This can be
> achieved with technologies such as virtual machine, or virtual path, etc. A
> different name for the server will help this separation. As long as the
> client, which is considered vulnerable and can be compromised, cannot name
> the sensitive resources, i.e. cannot specify the resource's path, it is
> considered safe from the client code and attacker.
>
> To summarize my proposal, we can:
>
>    1. Name the server machine differently from "localhost". - Flexibility
>    in long term evolution, can resolve the name to same machine or different
>    machine
>    2. Prevent client code from naming sensitive resources of server. If
>    client cannot name it, it cannot access it.
>       1. Multiple technologies can be used to achieve the naming
>       prevention, details to be discussed during implementation.
>
> Feedback welcome.
>
> Regards
>
> Song Li
>
> Co-founder and CTO
> NewSky Security <https://newskysecurity.com>
>
> On Tue, Jun 7, 2016 at 5:53 PM, Junichi Hashimoto <xju-hashimoto@kddi.com>
> wrote:
>
>> Hi Song,
>>
>> I think certificate type is a different topic but if your example solves
>> my concern, please share the idea.
>>
>> In the draft[1], we see the following sample code:
>>   var vehicle  = new WebSocket(“wss://localhost:4343”);
>>
>> To implement this, the local server has to keep a certificate which
>> common name is 'localhost' and also keep the corresponding private key.
>>
>> Because this key is a part of the local server 'app', it is very hard to
>> prevent attackers retrieving this key. This cause issues. e.g.,
>>
>> - Falsification of data
>> - Man-in-the-middle between apps and the local server
>>
>> Additionally, the certificate and the key are valid on anywhere,
>> anydevice. I don't think major providers allow such use.
>>
>> [1]
>> https://www.w3.org/auto/wg/wiki/Vehicle_Information_Service_Specification#Security_and_Privacy_Considerations
>>
>> Regards,
>> Junichi
>>
>>
>> On 2016/06/08 8:57, Song Li wrote:
>>
>>> Allow me to jump in for these questions.
>>>
>>> There are two types of ssl certificates: wild card and multi-domain. If
>>> example.com <http://example.com> is going to have a wild card
>>> certificate, it will cover all example.com <http://example.com>
>>> subdomains, such as www.example.com <http://www.example.com>
>>> api.example.com <http://api.example.com>, etc. If admin of example.com
>>> <http://example.com> choose to use multi-domain certificates, the
>>> certificates will cover a limited number of domains of example.com
>>> <http://example.com>. Multiple domains can share the same certificate in
>>> both cases, they do not have to have different certificates, but they
>>> can.
>>>
>>> Certificates are deployed to servers and they should not be shared with
>>> people who are not admins of the domains. Certificates are deployed on
>>> the servers hosting the domain(s), and only public key portion of the
>>> certificates will be sent over the wire. Things get more complicated if
>>> CDN is used to speed up content distribution, but can be solved using
>>> multi-domain certificates. Clients, such as browsers / java code,
>>> verifies the certificates before communicating with server for secured
>>> content.
>>>
>>> Let me know if you need examples / implementation details. Our company's
>>> using a wild card certificated for our https://www.newskysecurity.com
>>> domains.
>>>
>>> Regards
>>>
>>> Song Li
>>>
>>> Co-founder and CTO
>>> NewSky Security <https://newskysecurity.com>
>>>
>>> On Tue, Jun 7, 2016 at 4:23 PM, Junichi Hashimoto
>>> <xju-hashimoto@kddi.com <mailto:xju-hashimoto@kddi.com>> wrote:
>>>
>>>     Hi Kevin,
>>>
>>>     Implementers would like to know how to manage the certificates for
>>>     https/wss connection in the server. For example, they would like to
>>>     know whether each server should have different certificates or not,
>>>     how the certificates should be kept securely, etc.
>>>
>>>     Junichi
>>>
>>>     On 2016/06/08 0:36, Gavigan, Kevin wrote:
>>>
>>>         Hi,
>>>
>>>         I've updated the Security section to include some general points
>>>         that
>>>         apply to both WebSockets and RESTful web services:
>>>
>>>
>>> https://www.w3.org/auto/wg/wiki/Vehicle_Information_Service_Specification#Security_and_Privacy_Considerations
>>>
>>>         Kind regards,
>>>
>>>         Kevin
>>>
>>>         /Kevin Gavigan BSc, MSc, PhD, MCP, MCTS/
>>>         /Software Architect/
>>>         /Connected Infotainment/
>>>         /Electrical, Electronic and Software Engineering (EESE)//
>>>         /
>>>         Jaguar Land Rover
>>>         /
>>>         /
>>>         /Mobile: 07990 084866
>>>         /
>>>         /Email:/ kgavigan@jaguarlandrover.com
>>>         <mailto:kgavigan@jaguarlandrover.com>
>>>         <mailto:kgavigan@jaguarlandrover.com
>>>         <mailto:kgavigan@jaguarlandrover.com>>
>>>
>>>         /Office address:/
>>>         GO03/057 • Building 523, Gaydon • Maildrop: (G03)/
>>>         /Jaguar Land Rover • Banbury Road • Gaydon • Warwick • CV35 0RR
>>>
>>>         On 7 June 2016 at 14:18, Paul Boyes <Paul.Boyes@inrix.com
>>>         <mailto:Paul.Boyes@inrix.com>
>>>         <mailto:Paul.Boyes@inrix.com <mailto:Paul.Boyes@inrix.com>>>
>>> wrote:
>>>
>>>             Excellent indeed.  I will look at this in detail later today.
>>>
>>>             *Paul J. Boyes* | INRIX | Director of Telematics and
>>> Standards -
>>>             OpenCar  |  206-276-9675 <tel:206-276-9675> |
>>>         paul.boyes@inrix.com <mailto:paul.boyes@inrix.com>
>>>             <mailto:bryan@inrix.com <mailto:bryan@inrix.com>> |
>>>         www.inrix.com <http://www.inrix.com>
>>>
>>>         <
>>> https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.inrix.com_&d=BQMFAg&c=QbuapHRvbn0JdC8vTVkPHg&r=PRAN7lum5Ra662QLho8LU3bhFjBvLXn3bBkFbW0Amjo&m=V5l0WXfOEJwhcE0JsN06mQ5SQhpXL-DuAuK3YcnTZoc&s=OqQVi_DcS5rv8or8hZdFvY0re6YF0Wl-_8okxrxOF0w&e=
>>> >
>>>
>>>                 On Jun 7, 2016, at 3:56 AM, Peter Winzell
>>>                 <Peter.Winzell@melcogot.com
>>>             <mailto:Peter.Winzell@melcogot.com>
>>>             <mailto:Peter.Winzell@melcogot.com
>>>
>>>             <mailto:Peter.Winzell@melcogot.com>>>
>>>                 wrote:
>>>
>>>                 Excellent !____
>>>                 I have just browsed through – Thank you for your hard
>>>             work!!____
>>>                 /pw____
>>>                 __ __
>>>                 *From:* Crofts, Adam
>>>             [mailto:acrofts1@jaguarlandrover.com
>>>             <mailto:acrofts1@jaguarlandrover.com>]
>>>                 *Sent:* Monday, June 6, 2016 12:58 PM
>>>                 *To:* public-automotive
>>>                 *Cc:* Kevin Gavigan; Peter Virk; Lovene Bhatia
>>>                 *Subject:* Draft Specification for Service Based
>>>             Approach Using
>>>                 WebSockets____
>>>                 __ __
>>>                 Hi All, ____
>>>                 __ __
>>>                 Kevin and I have drafted a specification for the service
>>>             based
>>>                 approach using WebSockets, as discussed in Issue 81
>>>                 <https://github.com/w3c/automotive/issues/81>. The draft
>>>             can be
>>>                 found in the working group wiki here
>>>
>>>             <
>>> https://www.w3.org/auto/wg/wiki/Vehicle_Information_Service_Specification#WebSocket_2
>>> >.____
>>>                 __ __
>>>                 The specification builds upon the approach raised by
>>> Powell
>>>                 Kinney, using a single WebSocket to send JSON data
>>>             structures to
>>>                 the server. The JSON structure specifies the desired
>>> vehicle
>>>                 signal specification (VSS) path, an action parameter to
>>>             specify
>>>                 get, set, subscribe or unsubscribe as well as a number
>>>             of optional
>>>                 parameters.____
>>>                 __ __
>>>                 This specification allows:____
>>>
>>>                   * Use of the VSS, including wildcards and indexing____
>>>                   * GET/SET over WebSocket____
>>>                   * SUBSCRIBE to receive change notifications, allowing
>>>             settable
>>>                     change thresholds and upper/lower bounds____
>>>                   * SUBSCRIBE to receive notifications at a given time
>>>             interval.____
>>>                   * UNSUBSCRIBE via a subscription handle____
>>>                   * UNSUBSCRIBE from all notifications____
>>>                   * Security tokens to be passed from the client to the
>>>             server,
>>>                     such as OAuth 2.0____
>>>
>>>                 We'll go through this on the call on Tuesday night and
>>> look
>>>                 forward to hearing your thoughts.____
>>>                 __ __
>>>                 Kind regards, ____
>>>                 __ __
>>>                 Adam____
>>>                 __ __
>>>                 -- ____
>>>                 *Adam C**rofts MEng (Hons) MIET*____
>>>                 Connected Infotainment____
>>>                 Vehicle Engineering____
>>>                 Tel: +44 (0) 1926 921607
>>>             <tel:%2B44%20%280%29%201926%20921607> | 87311607____
>>>                 Mob: +44 (0) 7790 094350
>>>             <tel:%2B44%20%280%29%207790%20094350>
>>>
>>>                 Desk: G03/054, Building 523, Gaydon____
>>>                 Mail Drop: G/26/3, Building 523, Gaydon____
>>>                 __ __
>>>                 ____
>>>                 __ __
>>>                 Jaguar Land Rover Limited____
>>>                 Registered Office: Abbey Road, Whitley, Coventry CV3 4LF
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>>>     --
>>>     <>------------------------------------------------<>
>>>              au x HAKUTO  MOON CHALLENGE
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>>>
>>
>> --
>> <>------------------------------------------------<>
>>          au x HAKUTO  MOON CHALLENGE
>>            http://au-hakuto.jp/
>>    KDDI/au competing in the Google Lunar XPRIZE
>>    Providing communication technology support for
>>    the Japanese team - HAKUTO
>> <>------------------------------------------------<>
>>
>
>
Received on Wednesday, 8 June 2016 08:15:47 UTC

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