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Re: Call for Consensus (CfC): APA Comment on Media Hints

From: Amy @ Digilou <@>
Date: Wed, 07 Jul 2021 16:12:10 +0000
To: "Janina Sajka (janina@rednote.net)" <janina@rednote.net>, Accessible Platform Architectures Administration <public-apa-admin@w3.org>
Message-ID: <094538D4-6641-4207-9942-440FF64DB3EE@digilou.tech>
+1

´╗┐On 7/6/21, 11:12 AM, "Janina Sajka (janina@rednote.net)" <janina@rednote.net> wrote:

    Colleagues:

    This is a Call for Consensus (CfC) to the Accessible Platform
    Architectures (APA) Working Group testing whether we have group
    consensus on comments and suggested edits on the MediaStreamTrack
    Content Hints draft specification, at
    https://www.w3.org/TR/mst-content-hint/.


    <beginning of suggested comment>

    *TITLE *

    APA comments on the MediaStreamTrack Content Hints draft specification, at
    https://www.w3.org/TR/mst-content-hint/.

    *OVERVIEW *

    *Content hint attributes defined in this specification will benefit
    consumers who rely on assistive technology (AT) and personalization. *The
    specification notes its focus on end-users' experience: "Adding a media
    -content hint provides a way for a web application to help track consumers
    make more informed decision[s]...." Content authors can author contentHint
    <https://t.sidekickopen90.com/s3t/c/5/f18dQhb0S7kF8cFFTBW4T_qld2zGCwVN8Jbw_8QsRtKVn1vXj1p1kknW16gGBN41Jd6G101?te=W3R5hFj4cm2zwW4mKLS-4mbkbhW49Ldrl308ybGW4fdgvc41YylgW4fdgXQ41YszVW3H90C_3_SMDQW3zh2Fq3K1LvHW49HR8w1Gy-qYW4fGC1K3R0JW00&si=8000000004174048&pi=58151f60-5af3-4f61-ebc9-364d322a7e5a>
     with the experience of AT users in mind, or UAs acting on behalf of
    users.  This specification's introduction would be a good place to
    clarify this as a further benefit of content hints. Content authors may
    author content hints with AT in mind. In addition, we encourage User Agents
    to make this hint available to downstream consumers via API,

    *The specification make no mention of hints regarding support files *(captions,
    audio descriptions) that often accompany media content, either linked to it
    in HTML externally (using the <track> element) or furnished 'in-band',
    e.g., contained within the .MP4 wrapper (HasCaptions: T/F,
    HasAudioDescription: T/F). If either return True, THEN they need to be
    exposed in the UI: essentially as 'active' buttons in the Controls. Such
    support files can be critical to the accessibility of a media track, as for
    example when an American Sign Language video is supplied seperately, but
    linked. Did the WG consider whether hints could also usefully convey
    whether the media content has such supporting files?

    Regarding Section 4: *The specification's hints could address more directly
    some common **audio and video formats that are often encountered with
    content that has been made accessible. *For clarity, such formats could
    propose hints such as these (these are examples for clarity only, we leave
    you to define such hints):

    *For Audio, an additional hint to indicate the presence of
    audio-description *(or some similar label as you find appropriate).
    Audio-description is audio that resembles speech-recognition, but does not
    contain data for the purpose of speech recognition by a machine.
    Audio-description is audio that resembles "speech" but it will likely not
    be appropriate to apply noise suppression or boost intelligibility of the
    incoming signal.

    In the language of the specification (4.1) , "A track with content
    hint "audio-description"
    should be treated as if it contains audio data, without background noise,
    describing in words the activity in the video."


    *For Video, an additional hint to indicate the presence of transcription
    embedded in the video*, e.g., motion-with-transcription (or some similar
    label as you find appropriate). motion-with-transcription would refer to a
    motion video that has, embedded, transcription data, either a
    picture-in-picture showing a sign language interpreter, or text captions
    embedded in the video.

    In the language of the specification (4.2): A content hint of
    motion-with-transcription should be treated such that one region of the
    video frame has details that are extra important, and in that region that
    significant sharp edges and areas of consistent color can occur frequently
    (the area with sign language interpretation, or the area with onscreen
    captioned text). This screen region would optimize for detail in the
    resulting individual frames rather than smooth playback. Artefacts from
    quantization or downscaling should be avoided.


    *Regarding section 5, the degradation preference does not address regions.*
    Picture regions may be very significant for accessibility. Consider a video
    with sign language interpretation embedded (e.g., in the upper right
    corner), or a video with captions "burned-in" or embedded (e.g., in the
    bottom of the picture area). (While APA does not advocate for such embedded
    captions, they are common particularly on social media where the default
    user behavior is audio "off." These regions would benefit from different
    encoding decisions than the rest of the frame.  Regions may be encoded and
    decoded quite differently: for example in AVC, "it is also possible to
    create truly lossless-coded regions within lossy-coded pictures." *We would
    find it useful and supportive of accessible content to make this
    information available as an RTCDegradationPreference.*

    Lastly, how are these hints communicated? We note that MP4 files can
    contain metadata as defined by the format standard, and in addition, can
    contain Extensible Metadata Platform (XMP) metadata. (source::
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MPEG-4_Part_14).

    *REQUESTS*

    Correct these two typos:

       - Abstract: change "make more informed decision" to either "make a more
       informed decision" or "make more informed decisions"
       - Section 2. change "they appear" to "it appears"

    Add to the introduction that content hint attributes defined in this
    specification will benefit consumers who rely on assistive technology (AT)
    and personalization.

    The WG to ensure that the specification covers use cases with support
    files, and that hints can be provided for those files.

    In section 4, ensure that hints support the use-cases mentioned above.

    In section 5.2 ensure that the specification supports regions particularly
    when such regions are important for accessibility.

       <end suggested comment>

    ***Action to Take***

    This CfC is now open for objection, comment, as well as statements of
    support via email. Silence will be interpreted as support, though
    messages of support are certainly welcome.

    If you object to this proposed action, or have comments concerning this
    proposal, please respond by replying on list to this message no later
    than 23:59 (Midnight) Boston Time, Wednesday 14 July.

    NOTE: This Call for Consensus is being conducted in accordance with the
    APA Decision Policy published at:

    http://www.w3.org/WAI/APA/decision-policy

    We thank Lionel Wolberger for reviewing this specification on our behalf
    and for helping lead our teleconference discussions on this
    specification.

    Janina and Becky

    --

    Janina Sajka

    Linux Foundation Fellow
    Executive Chair, Accessibility Workgroup:	http://a11y.org

    The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI)
    Chair, Accessible Platform Architectures	http://www.w3.org/wai/apa
Received on Wednesday, 7 July 2021 16:15:30 UTC

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