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RE: Original Choice (was RE: Choice)

From: Dare Obasanjo <dareo@microsoft.com>
Date: Tue, 12 Mar 2002 14:28:18 -0800
Message-ID: <8BD7226E07DDFF49AF5EF4030ACE0B7E05573BB3@red-msg-06.redmond.corp.microsoft.com>
To: "Naren Chawla" <naren_chawla@attbi.com>, "Beyer,Nathan" <NBEYER@cerner.com>, "Schema Dev XML (E-mail)" <xmlschema-dev@w3.org>
I can't find where the XML Schema recommedation says it is illegal but
can find where it does imply that it is.

A choice is a model group[0] that can contain particles[1] which have
occurrence constraints specified using the maxOccurs and minOccurs
attributes. 

So exactly why do you think the schema is invalid? More specifically
where do you think the XML Schema recommendation is ambiguous? 

[0]
http://www.w3.org/TR/2001/REC-xmlschema-1-20010502/#Model_Group_details 
[1] http://www.w3.org/TR/2001/REC-xmlschema-1-20010502/#Particle_details

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> -----Original Message-----
> From: Naren Chawla [mailto:naren_chawla@attbi.com] 
> Sent: Tuesday, March 12, 2002 9:18 AM
> To: Beyer,Nathan; Schema Dev XML (E-mail)
> Subject: Original Choice (was RE: Choice)
> 
> 
> Folks:
> 
> I know this discussion drifted in different direction, 
> however, coming back to original issue.
> 
> I tested this solution with Xerces-Java 2.0.1. And it seems to work.
> 
> The files -
> 
> choice.xsd
> ----------
> 
> <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
> <xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
> 	<xs:element name="test">
> 		<xs:complexType>
> 			<xs:choice>
> 				<xs:element name="t1" 
> type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
> 				<xs:element name="t2" 
> type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
> 			</xs:choice>
> 		</xs:complexType>
> 	</xs:element>
> </xs:schema>
> 
> choice.xml
> ---------
> <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
> <test xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
> xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="C:\apps\xerces-2_0_1\data\choice.xsd">
> <t1>one</t1>
> <t1>two</t1>
> </test>
> 
> 
> Now the question I have for schema gurus - Is this correct 
> usage for "choice" content model ?  XML Spy, TurboXML (Tibco) 
> and Xerces-Java 2 seem to be okay with this. However, the XSD 
> spec is ambiguous.
> 
> >>>> Nathan says:
> Also, using <choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"> will 
> solve the "none of the elements have to be used but ANY ONE 
> of them can be used as many times as needed" problem.
> >>>>>
> 
> Above will work if you define schema as -
> 
> <choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
>   <element ref="A" />
> </choice>
> 
> <choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
>   <element ref="B" />
> </choice>
> 
> -- Naren Chawla
> 
> 
> -----Original Message-----
> I don't believe the second example given is correct, even 
> though XMLSpy validates. I'd recommend trying to validate 
> that in Xerces or some other validator. XMLSpy validates a 
> number of things it shouldn't.
> 
> I've always been under the impression that when "choice" is 
> used, all minOccurs and maxOccurs attribute within the 
> content model are ignored. I've been trying find proof of 
> this in the spec, but have been unsuccessful so far. Can 
> anyone confirm or deny this?
> 
> Also, using <choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"> will 
> solve the "none of the elements have to be used but ANY ONE 
> of them can be used as many times as needed" problem.
> 
> The way I always look at it is the minOccurs and the 
> maxOccurs on the choice tells you how many times you have to 
> make that choice and/or can make that choice. In the above 
> case you don't have to make the choice at, but if you do, you 
> can do so as many times as you want. This could result in 
> choosing every element within the choice, in any order.
> 
> That's my 2 cents.
> 
> -Nathan
> 
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Naren Chawla [mailto:naren_chawla@attbi.com]
> Sent: Thursday, March 07, 2002 5:40 PM
> To: Andrew Wilson; 'XMLDev'
> Subject: RE: Choice
> 
> 
> Andrew:
> 
> My interpretation -
> 
> "choice" content model is used to indicate that only one 
> element of the given list of elements MUST appear. So, if 
> more than one element appears or no elements appear, both of 
> this are invalid conditions.
> 
> Also, in "<xsd:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">" - 
> minOccurs refer to entire "choice" group as opposed to 
> elements within the choice. So the entire choice group may 
> not occur at all. And that's perfectly valid.
> 
> So, if you want to say - "none of the elements have to be 
> used but ANY ONE of them can be used as many times as 
> needed", you will probably have to express as below -
> 
> <choice>
>   <element ref="A" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
>   <element ref="C" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
>   <element ref="D" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded"/> </choice>
> 
> I have tested this with XML Spy and it works !!
> 
> --Naren
> 
> 
> 
> 
> -----Original Message-----
> From: xmlschema-dev-request@w3.org 
> [mailto:xmlschema-dev-request@w3.org]On Behalf Of Andrew Wilson
> Sent: Thursday, February 21, 2002 5:04 PM
> To: 'XMLDev'
> Subject: Choice
> 
> 
> Hi
> 
> I'm new to XML schema development so my question might be 
> really simple and have been answered years ago:)
> 
> In the XML Schema Spec. part 1 it says in sect. 3.8.1: 
> "...(choice) correspond to exactly one of the specified 
> particles;". I read this as saying one of the particles in 
> the choice group *must* appear.
> 
> However, the XML representation summary in 3.8.2 allows a 
> minOccurs for choice of 0 (nonNegativeInteger). So is the 
> following valid?:
> 
> <xsd:choice minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded">
>  <xsd:element ref="A"/>
>  <xsd:element ref="B"/>
>  <xsd:element ref="C"/>
>  <xsd:element ref="D"/>
>  <xsd:element ref="E"/>
>  <xsd:element ref="F"/>
>  <xsd:element ref="G"/>
> </xsd:choice>
> 
> [I'm trying to say that none of the elements have to be used 
> but any of them can be used as many times as needed]
> 
> If this is correct, how should the statement in 3.8.1 be read? Thanks.
> 
> Andrew Wilson
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Received on Tuesday, 12 March 2002 17:38:56 GMT

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