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key constraints mechanism too weak?

From: Gary Robertson <gazinyork@hotmail.com>
Date: Fri, 5 Oct 2001 07:51:22 -0400 (EDT)
To: <xmlschema-dev@w3.org>
Message-ID: <OE64LFUgRfU5Bv6JHgx0000857e@hotmail.com>
I want the name attribute of an element and the name attribute
of one of its (multiple instance) child elements to form a unique
key. I would have though this a fairly simple requirement but
it is rejected because one of the two fields evaluates to more
than one node.

Am I missing something? Does anybody know the right way for
me to meet my requirement?

Here's an example of a (correct) file I would like to validate. Note
object and state names are unique in combination.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<Repository xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:noNamespaceSchemaLocation="M:\MooD\DEV\Sydney\MooDXml\XmlSchemas\comboke
y.xsd">
 <Object name="object 1">
  <State name="state 1"/>
  <State name="state 2"/>
 </Object>
 <Object name="object 2">
  <State name="state 1"/>
  <State name="state 2"/>
 </Object>
</Repository>

Here is the schema, with illegal key, I wanted to use:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!-- edited with XML Spy v4.0.1 U (http://www.xmlspy.com) by Gary Robertson
(MooD International) -->
<xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
 <xs:complexType name="StateType">
  <xs:attribute name="name" type="xs:string" use="required"/>
 </xs:complexType>
 <xs:complexType name="ObjectType">
  <xs:sequence>
   <xs:element name="State" type="StateType" minOccurs="0"
maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
  </xs:sequence>
  <xs:attribute name="name" type="xs:string" use="required"/>
 </xs:complexType>
 <xs:element name="Repository">  <!-- root element -->
  <xs:complexType>
   <xs:sequence>
    <xs:element name="Object" type="ObjectType" minOccurs="0"
maxOccurs="unbounded">
    </xs:element>
   </xs:sequence>
  </xs:complexType>
  <xs:key name="StateNameKey">
   <xs:selector xpath="Object"/>
   <xs:field xpath="@name"/>
   <xs:field xpath="State/@name"/> <!-- parser objects to this because it
evaluates to multiple nodes -->
  </xs:key>
 </xs:element>
</xs:schema>

Gaz Robertson
Received on Friday, 5 October 2001 09:54:15 GMT

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