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Re: Manual Rewriting and Passing Entailments

From: Sean Bechhofer <seanb@cs.man.ac.uk>
Date: Thu, 11 Sep 2003 10:09:41 +0100 (GMT Daylight Time)
To: Jeremy Carroll <jjc@hpl.hp.com>
Cc: www-webont-wg@w3.org, <der@hplb.hpl.hp.com>
Message-ID: <Pine.WNT.4.44.0309110958190.13440-100000@potato>

On Thu, 11 Sep 2003, Jeremy Carroll wrote:

> Summary:
> Do systems need a fully automated test harness to pass a test?
> I was chatting with Dave Reynolds about what is expected to pass an
> entailement test.
> The tests are expressed as
> Graph1 entails Graph2
> In practice many APIs (including ours) do not directly support such an
> operation.
> Hence Dave automatically transforms Graph2 into a query which he can then
> execute againsts Graph1, and pass the test.
> That looks fine to me.
> For some of the tests, he has a more complex query rewrite that he does
> manually, and then passes the test. I am discouraging him from reporting such
> tests as passed. (These reflect the lack of support for the comprehension
> axioms - the query rewrite essentially compensates for this).
> ===
> What are other people doing? How much manual and/or automatic rewrite do
> people do?

All the rewriting for my testing is done automatically. Each test is
translated to a single problem in TPTP which can then be checked for
consistency. There is a certain amount of manual work that needs to be
done in terms of running the prover over the resulting problem and
analysing the results, but this is just plumbing.

I have a translator which takes an owl ontology and translates to a
collection of FO axioms. e.g.

ont -> ax1, ax2, ax3,....axn

For (in)consistency tests, we then see if:

ax1 /\ ax2 /\ ... axn

is (in)consistent

For entailment, if the test involves

ontA entails ontB

then we translate to:

axA1 /\ axA2 /\ ... /\ axAn /\ ~(axB1 /\ axB2 /\ ... axBn)

e.g. conjoin the translatino of A with negation of B and look for an
inconsistency. This current approach ignores annotations (although this
could be done via some simple lookups). I am not tackling negative
entailment tests.

I would personally be wary of a system that required manual rewrites to
pass a test, and would not really consider these as passes.


Sean Bechhofer
Received on Thursday, 11 September 2003 05:10:05 UTC

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