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Re: Definitions: impairment, disability and handicap

From: Wendy A Chisholm <wendy@w3.org>
Date: Thu, 20 Jun 2002 12:56:44 -0400
Message-Id: <5.1.0.14.2.20020620125625.04505c90@localhost>
To: (wrong string) érrez y Restrepo <emmanuelle@mi.madritel.es>, "Ian B. Jacobs" <ij@w3.org>
Cc: "Katie Haritos-Shea" <ryladog@earthlink.net>, "3WC WAI X-TECH" <wai-xtech@w3.org>, "Charles McCathieNevile" <charles@w3.org>

I have taken this to the WAI-CG.
--wendy

At 11:32 AM 6/20/02, Emmanuelle Gutiérrez y Restrepo wrote:
>Hi Ian,
>
>In fact, the definitions of the WHO seek not to be based on medical terms
>but covering the social and personal aspects of the disability.
>
>It is important to use the terms proposed by WHO to avoid confusion and the
>possibility of hurting the sensibility of some people.
>
>Regards,
>Emmanuelle
>----- Original Message -----
>From: "Ian B. Jacobs" <ij@w3.org>
>To: "Wendy A Chisholm" <wendy@w3.org>
>Cc: "Katie Haritos-Shea" <ryladog@earthlink.net>; "3WC WAI X-TECH"
><wai-xtech@w3.org>; "Charles McCathieNevile" <charles@w3.org>
>Sent: Thursday, June 20, 2002 4:22 PM
>Subject: Re: Definitions: impairment, disability and handicap
>
>
>
>Wendy A Chisholm wrote:
> > Ian,
> >
> > Where does the WAI currently define these?  I've not found anything in
> > the glossaries of the expected places (ATAG, WCAG, UAAG, "How PWD Use
> > the Web").
>
>
>We don't define impairment, disability, or handicap. Instead,
>we talk about "accessible: can be used by a person with a
>disability" and we talk about different disabilities.
>
>There was resistance to adopting definitions that were
>based in medical terms, I believe.
>
>   _ Ian
>
>
> > --w
> >
> > At 08:08 AM 6/20/02, Ian B. Jacobs wrote:
> >
> >> Katie Haritos-Shea wrote:
> >>
> >>> As discussed back in Nov 2001 by Emmanuelle Gutiérrez y Restrepo, and
> >>> Lisa Seeman.........I also feel that we should be using the World Health
> >>> Organization's definitions for these terms.
> >>> I will be including them in the WAI Glossary as such, unless further
> >>> discussion warrants a change.
> >>
> >>
> >> Hi Katie,
> >>
> >> We discussed these definitions a long time ago in the UAWG
> >> and I think the WAI CG preferred that we not use them in
> >> the WAI Guidelines. This was discussed by the WAI CG
> >> in December 1999, and I believe that it was preferred
> >> that we keep the WAI definitions.
> >>
> >> You might want to get the WAI CG to re-issue their
> >> opinion.
> >>
> >>  - Ian
> >>
> >>> As defined by the World Health Organization (WHO)
> >>> 1.  impairment refers to an abnormality of body structure,
> >>> appearance, organ and system
> >>> functioning.
> >>> (Impairments are problems in body function or structure such as a
> >>> significant deviation or loss)
> >>> 2. disability is the consequence of an impairment in functional
> >>> performance and
> >>> activity
> >>>
> >>> 3. handicap is the consequence which is reflected in interaction
> >>> with, and
> >>> adaptation to, the surroundings
> >>>
> >>> Katie Haritos-Shea
> >>> Internet/Software/Device Accessibility and Standards
> >>> Strategist/Developer/Evangelist
> >>> #571-220-7777
> >>> "The best and most beautiful things in the world
> >>>      cannot be seen or even touched.
> >>>     They must be felt with the heart."
> >>>                 - Helen Keller
> >>
> >>
> >>
> >>
> >> --
> >> Ian Jacobs (ij@w3.org)   http://www.w3.org/People/Jacobs
> >> Tel:                     +1 718 260-9447
> >
> >
>
>
>
>--
>Ian Jacobs (ij@w3.org)   http://www.w3.org/People/Jacobs
>Tel:                     +1 718 260-9447

-- 
wendy a chisholm
world wide web consortium
web accessibility initiative
seattle, wa usa
/--
Received on Thursday, 20 June 2002 12:49:46 UTC

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