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Re: <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

From: jonathan chetwynd <j.chetwynd@btinternet.com>
Date: Mon, 29 Jul 2002 08:02:15 +0100
Message-ID: <001901c236cd$e0fd2fc0$0201a8c0@RJCHETWYND>
To: "Jukka Korpela" <jukka.korpela@tieke.fi>, "WAI List \(E-mail\)" <w3c-wai-ig@w3.org>

thanks for clearing that up somewhat. by
>using character references or entity references
is it meant "&lt" "&gt" for <> ?
and if so what is the effect if one does?
thanks
jonathan

----- Original Message -----
From: "Jukka Korpela" <jukka.korpela@tieke.fi>
To: "WAI List (E-mail)" <w3c-wai-ig@w3.org>
Sent: Monday, July 29, 2002 7:27 AM
Subject: RE: <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>


>
> jonathan chetwynd wrote:
>
> > <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
> > *is rendered as text.
>
> That happens on a few browsers, which have no idea of XML (or correct SGML
> parsing for that matter).
>
> > is there a workaround?
>
> Omit the processing instruction <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
> This can be done if the encoding is UTF-8 (or UTF-16). Note that you
cannot
> do this if your document actually uses e.g. ISO-8859-1 so that you enter
> accented characters "as such" and not using character references or entity
> references. But if you only use Ascii characters, you can claim your
> document to be UTF-8 encoded.
>
> The XHTML 1.0 specification implicitly but clearly says that the
instruction
> can be omitted to circumvent the problem:
>
> "C.1 Processing Instructions
> Be aware that processing instructions are rendered on some user agents.
> However, also note that when the XML declaration is not included in a
> document, the document can only use the default character encodings UTF-8
or
>
> UTF-16." - http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/#guidelines
>
> > am I the only mug bothering with this?
>
> No, this problem has often been discussed on different fora, such as
> news:comp.infosystems.www.authoring.html and news:alt.html
> (And it's not really an accessibility problem specifically.)
>
> --
> Jukka Korpela, senior adviser
> TIEKE Finnish Information Society Development Centre
> http://www.tieke.fi
> Phone: +358 9 4763 0397 Fax: +358 9 4763 0399
>
>
Received on Monday, 29 July 2002 03:02:34 GMT

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