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Re: AlertBox: The death of single-design pages?

From: Brian Kelly <lisbk@ukoln.ac.uk>
Date: Mon, 14 Jun 1999 15:18:17 +0100
Message-ID: <0db301beb670$bfbb0610$3c92268a@bath.ac.uk>
To: w3c-wai-ig@w3.org
Further to my previous posting I'd like to give two examples of why the
principles of universal design may not be applicable.

Current guidelines state that web pages should be device independent, and
that phrases such as "Click here" should be avoided (because some users may
not be using a mouse-driven interface).  On the other hand, "click here" may
be a good phrase for, say, someone with learning disabilities who does have
a mouse, but has difficulties mastering a user interface.  This was brought
to my attention recently when testing a web site designed for children - I
found it difficult differentiating between images with just ALT text and
images with ALT text which acted as links.

Similarly, "Return to home page" is a bad name for an anchor (the user may
not have been to the home page).  However it might be a good name for an
anchor generated on the fly, when the system knows the user have been to the
page.

"Click here" and "Return to home page" should be avoided in static HTML
pages.  However they *may* be desirable in other circumstances.

Brian
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
-----------
Brian Kelly, UK Web Focus
UKOLN, University of Bath, BATH, England, BA2 7AY
Email:  b.kelly@ukoln.ac.uk     URL:    http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/
Homepage: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/ukoln/staff/b.kelly.html
Phone:  01225 323943            FAX:   01225 826838
----- Original Message -----
From: Brian Kelly <lisbk@ukoln.ac.uk>
To: Kynn Bartlett <kynn-hwg@idyllmtn.com>; <w3c-wai-ig@w3.org>
Sent: Monday, June 14, 1999 2:04 PM
Subject: Re: AlertBox: The death of single-design pages?


>
>
>
> >
> > Jakob Nielsen's AlertBox column talks about web accessibility and the
> > WCAG, and states the following:
> >
> > "But I am not sure that single-design pages will be able to deliver
> >  optimal usability in the future. For example, screen sizes will soon
> >  differ so drastically between high-end office workstations and small
> >  mobile devices that the same pages will not satisfy both. And I also
> >  think that one can make pages much more usable for blind users and
> >  users with other disabilities by designing explicitly for these
groups."
> >
> > http://www.useit.com/alertbox/990613.html
> >
> > Agree or disagree?  To tie into a recent thread:  how does access
> > for cognitively impaired users tie into this?  We've been saying that
> > you don't need a separate web site for blind (et al) users, but --
> > if content needs to be actually rewritten for a new audience in order
> > to make it comprehensible -- is this the end of "writing once" and
> > the beginning of specialized web sites for each type of disability?
> >
> > Your thoughts are welcome.
>
> Hi Kynn
>      I agree with Jakob's comments.
>      I've become aware since attending the first day of the WAI meeting in
> Toronto of two web accessibility communities.  One focuses on the needs to
> make HTML accessible, the other is looking at developing a richer web in
the
> future.  The former group gives priority to education, importance of ALT
> tags, etc.  The latter regards HTML as on its way out, and priority should
> be given to the new stuff (XML, XLink, RDF, etc.)
>     To give an example.  The ALT tag provides a simple, one-dimensional
> description of an image.  Multi-lingual support is missing (an obvious
> barrier to understanding).  But ALT also  fails to provide information
which
> may be needed to address cultural issues.
>    I touched on this in my talk at the WAI meeting - see
>
>
http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/web-focus/accessibility/metadata/www8/iap-html/tsld01
> 1.htm
>
> As an example of the richer form of metadata I think is needed (e.g. for
> images) see
>
http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/web-focus/accessibility/metadata/www8/iap-html/tsld01
> 2.htm
>
> I discussed these issues with Julie Howell of the RNIB (Royal National
> Institute for the Blind) here in the UK who stated that:
> "Rather than encouraging 'simplicity' in Web design ... we try to
encourage
> 'flexibility', so that Web sites can be tailored to individual need
> 'simply'. Flexibility affords the personalisation which people with sight
> problems require."
>
> Brian Kelly
>
>
>
Received on Monday, 14 June 1999 10:21:18 GMT

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