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Re: Webfolders and URL encoding

From: Juergen Reuter <reuterj@ira.uka.de>
Date: Tue, 02 May 2000 18:31:22 +0200
To: Greg Stein <gstein@lyra.org>
cc: w3c-dist-auth@w3.org, reuterj@ira.uka.de, jjh@ira.uka.de
Message-ID: <"iraun1.ira.0002501:000502.163138"@ira.uka.de>

Greg Stein wrote:
> '+' is not a valid encoding for 'space'. Some clients and servers do it
> for parts of a URL (particularly within the 'query' section), but it is
> not standard.
>
> Refer to RFC 2396 (URLs) and RFC 2616 (HTTP), Section 3.2.
>   http://andrew2.andrew.cmu.edu/rfc/rfc2396.html
>  http://andrew2.andrew.cmu.edu/rfc/rfc2616.html

The '+' encoding is not standard for URL encoding itself, but it *is*
standard for form-urlencoded data, as specified in RFC 1866:

>8.2.1. The form-urlencoded Media Type
>
>   The default encoding for all forms is `application/x-www-form-
>   urlencoded'. A form data set is represented in this media type as
>   follows:
>
>        1. The form field names and values are escaped: space
>        characters are replaced by `+', and then reserved characters
>        are escaped as per [URL]; that is, non-alphanumeric
>        characters are replaced by `%HH', a percent sign and two
>        hexadecimal digits representing the ASCII code of the
>        character. Line breaks, as in multi-line text field values,
>        are represented as CR LF pairs, i.e. `%0D%0A'.

Section 8.2.2 says:

>   To process a form whose action URL is an HTTP URL and whose method is
>   `GET', the user agent starts with the action URI and appends a `?'
>   and the form data set, in `application/x-www-form-urlencoded' format
>   as above.

In other words, the '+' encoding is standard not only in the message
body, but even in the request line of a GET request (at least as of
HTML/2.0).  However, when doing a POST, the form data is put into
the message body rather than the request line (section 8.2.3).

Bye,
     Juergen
Received on Tuesday, 2 May 2000 12:34:49 GMT

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