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[ESW Wiki] Update of "its0908LinguisticMarkup" by GoutamSaha

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Date: Thu, 13 Oct 2005 01:45:21 -0000
To: w3t-archive+esw-wiki@w3.org
Message-ID: <20051013014521.22661.73715@localhost.localdomain>
Dear Wiki user,

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The following page has been changed by GoutamSaha:
http://esw.w3.org/topic/its0908LinguisticMarkup


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  A ''linking verb'' connects a subject and its complement. Sometimes called copulas, linking verbs are often forms of the verb to ''be''.  
  A '''Finite Verb''' is one that has tense. Further, it has to agree with its subject in person and number, so its form changes accordingly: "She ''loves'' Paul.", "We ''love'' Ram." The subject and its finite verb depend on each other. A plural subject needs a plural verb. Similarly, a plural finite verb needs a plural subject. In other words, the relation between a subject and its finite verb is interdependent. A finite verb is an essential ingredient in a sentence. Even the simplest form requires Subject + Finite Verb to make a sentence: "Birds ''fly'' .", "Fire ''burns'' ." 
  
- The forms of a '''Non-finite Verb''' is invariant because it is not affected by the (subject-verb) concord system: "He likes ''to swim'' .", "They like ''to swim'' .", "He likes ''eating'' .", " '''Having worked'' hard he felt tired." 
+ The forms of a ''' Non-finite Verb ''' is invariant because it is not affected by the (subject-verb) concord system: "He likes ''to swim'' .", "They like ''to swim'' .", "He likes ''eating'' .", " ''Having worked'' hard he felt tired."  
- '''Non-finite verbs''' are not essential in a sentence. They are needed just to expand a sentence in order to express various kinds of meanings, so we cannot have a sentence with '' subject + non-finite verb '' without a finite verb. For example, we don't say: "Children '' to fly'' kites ."  Instead we say: "Children '' like '' to fly kites." Here, '' like '' is a finite verb and '' to fly '' is a non-finite verb. Non-finite verb has the structures: (i) '' to + verb '',
+ ''' Non-finite verbs ''' are not essential in a sentence. They are needed just to expand a sentence in order to express various kinds of meanings, so we cannot have a sentence with '' subject + non-finite verb '' without a finite verb. For example, we don't say: "Children '' to fly'' kites ."  Instead we say: "Children '' like '' to fly kites." Here, '' like '' is a finite verb and '' to fly '' is a non-finite verb. Non-finite verb has the structures: (i) '' to + verb '',
  (ii) ''' Anaphoric to ''' (or ''' to ''' without verb, e.g., "Yes, I would love ''' to''' . " (the omitted verb after ''to '' say, "dance" is to be learnt through '''discourse analysis ''' ). ) '' 
+ 
+ {{{
+ 
+ <sentence_cat name="assertive"> 
+  <!-- sentence level metadata is optional here -->
+ Yes, I would love <pos_cat name="verb" type="anaphoric"> to </pos_cat>
+ </sentence_cat> 
+ 
+ }}}
  
  '''Noun:-'''
  ''A noun is a naming word.''
Received on Thursday, 13 October 2005 11:34:08 UTC

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