Hi Frans,

 

If the point clouds really have no other value than location then I would say this is a multipoint. If you modelled it as a coverage you would have a domain but no range (and also no metadata about the range). I guess that if you really wanted it to be a coverage you could model it as a degenerate case where all the range values are null, or repeat the location values somehow.

 

Cheers,

Jon

 

 

 

 

From: Frans Knibbe <frans.knibbe@geodan.nl>
Date: Friday, 9 September 2016 10:48
To: Jeremy Tandy <jeremy.tandy@gmail.com>
Cc: SDW WG Public List <public-sdw-wg@w3.org>
Subject: Re: updates to the Best Practice document
Resent-From: <public-sdw-wg@w3.org>
Resent-Date: Friday, 9 September 2016 10:48

 

Hello,

 

About the difference between spatial data as coverage and spatial data as geometry: Is the difference between a point cloud and a multipoint clear? I understand that point clouds are regarded as coverages. Multipoints are geometry. But I notice that points clouds exist where the points have no other value next, apart from geometry. One could say that in that case the mapped value is 'location'... I wonder if readers need more guidance on when point collections should be modelled as multipoint or as coverage.

 

Regards,

Frans

 

On 8 September 2016 at 14:00, Jeremy Tandy <jeremy.tandy@gmail.com> wrote:

Thank you! I reference ISO 19109 from the coverage definition in the glossary (although I've not set up the bibliographic ref yet) so it should be credited in the bibliography.

Jeremy

 

On Thu, 8 Sep 2016 at 12:58, <Simon.Cox@csiro.au> wrote:

You've largely paraphrased and only directly used a couple of sentences, so unlikely to be a problem. If in doubt, give credit - ie add it to the bibliography.


From: Jeremy Tandy <jeremy.tandy@gmail.com>
Sent: Thursday, 8 September 2016 9:50:19 AM
To: Cox, Simon (L&W, Clayton); public-sdw-wg@w3.org
Subject: Re: updates to the Best Practice document

 

All- I've tried to incorporate some of the useful text cited by Simon. I've also taken the opportunity to update the definition of coverage in the glossary.

 

On Thu, 8 Sep 2016 at 07:24 Jeremy Tandy <jeremy.tandy@gmail.com> wrote:

Hi Simon- That's useful ... what's the copyright associated with the ISO text?

On Thu, 8 Sep 2016 at 04:43, <Simon.Cox@csiro.au> wrote:

The recent revision of ISO 19109 added material on Coverages (as well as Observations) that was not in the original, recognising that coverages are important tools for some applications. You might also like to consider these sections from ISO 19109:2013

 

7.2.2 Coverages

 

Many aspects of the real-world may be represented as features whose properties are single-valued and static. These conventional features provide a model of the world in terms of discrete objects located in it. However, in some applications it is more useful to use a model focussing on the variation of property values in space and time, formalized as coverages. Users of geographic information may utilize both viewpoints. While coverages are themselves strictly features as well, it is common to contrast coverages and non-coverage features when discussing the functionality provided by each viewpoint. In the following discussion the name ‘feature’ refers to non-coverage features.

The feature and coverage representations may be related in several ways:

 

— signal processing to find and characterize features: signals in coverages may provide evidence for the existence, location and type of features, detected through modelling and interpretation;

 

EXAMPLE 1 Patterns of colour or other radiance bands within a remotely-sensed image may be used to infer the existence of specific objects or features on the ground.

 

EXAMPLE 2 Signals in a geophysical borehole log may be used to infer the presence of particular rock-units at underground locations.

 

— coverage-typed feature properties: feature properties whose value vary within the scope of a feature may be described as coverages whose domain extent is the geometry of the feature;

 

EXAMPLE 3 The variation of concentration of a particular ore-mineral within a mine may be described as a spatial function or coverage within the spatial limits of the mine.

 

— features sample a coverage: the values of a common property of a set of features provide a discrete sampling of a coverage, whose range type is the property, and whose domain is the aggregate geometry of the set of features.

 

EXAMPLE 4 The temperature at a set of weather stations may be compiled to show the spatial variation of temperature across the region where the stations are located.

 

A constraint in the latter two cases is that a property-type from a feature catalogue is the range-type of a coverage description in the same universe of discourse.

 

The case of features having property values that vary within the scope of the feature can be described using the general feature model (7.5.8).

 

While the coverage model is described in detail in ISO 19123, an application schema may include both feature- and coverage-types.

NOTE The feature and coverage viewpoints are related to (though not identical with) the so-called ‘vector’ and ‘raster’ approaches from traditional GIS implementations.

 

Then, immediately following:

 

7.2.3 Properties and observations

 

Property values are associated with features and coverages. In the case of features, a property value is associated with a classified object. In the case of coverages, a property value is associated with a position in the domain.

 

Later

 

8.8 Rules for use of coverage functions

 

Coverage functions are used to describe characteristics of real-world phenomena that vary over space and/or time. Typical examples are temperature, elevation and precipitation. A coverage contains a set of such values, each associated with one of the elements in a spatial, temporal or spatio-temporal domain. Typical spatial domains are point sets (e.g. sensor locations), curve sets (e.g. contour lines), grids (e.g. orthoimages, elevation models), etc. A property whose value varies as a function of time may be represented as a temporal coverage or time-series. A continuous coverage is associated with a method for interpolating values at spatial positions between the elements of a domain, e.g. between two points or contour lines.

 

From: Jeremy Tandy [mailto:jeremy.tandy@gmail.com]
Sent: Thursday, 8 September 2016 7:17 AM
To: SDW WG Public List <public-sdw-wg@w3.org>
Subject: updates to the Best Practice document

 

Following today's BP call, I've now added into the BP doc what I was talking about:

 

* A section explaining about Coverages [1] (thanks to Jon Blower; I repurposed one of his Melodies blog posts!) 

* The beginnings of a section that tries to provide a linear path through the decisions you might make when publishing data: "How to use these best practices" [2] ... this tries to combine SDW and DWBP best practices into a coherent whole ... that said, I've found it really hard to plan this out; I think it's working (& there's more in my head that I unfortunately don't have time to write before I disappear tomorrow ... leaving no more time for update before TPAC.

 

Hope these additions are worthwhile.

 

Jeremy