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RE: Using non-native attributes

From: Priscilla Walmsley <priscilla@walmsley.com>
Date: Tue, 7 Dec 2004 11:56:09 -0500
To: "'David Morris'" <dmmorris@gmail.com>, <xmlschema-dev@w3.org>
Message-ID: <E1Cbidg-0000H0-Qe@frink.w3.org>

Hi David,

I have been able to get this to work using Xerces, by adding the schema for
schemas, as you were trying to do. For example:

<xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
            xsi:schemaLocation="http://example.org/doc example0606.xsd
  <xsd:element  name="test" type="xsd:integer"
                doc:description="This element represents a product."/>

Perhaps the problem was that when you set the external schema location
property, you only used the schema location, when it should be target
namespace, followed by whitespace, followed by the schema location.

I will update example in the book to include the reference to the schema for
schemas, and add it to the errata.  Also note that some processors have
problems validating schemas against the schema for schemas, because there
are a few glitches in it. At least there were at one time - I haven't looked
at it very recently.

You can also use non-native attributes in your schemas without validating
them, though, because by default they are laxly validated.

Hope that helps!

Priscilla Walmsley             priscilla@walmsley.com
Author, Definitive XML Schema     (Prentice Hall PTR)

> -----Original Message-----
> From: xmlschema-dev-request@w3.org 
> [mailto:xmlschema-dev-request@w3.org] On Behalf Of David Morris
> Sent: Tuesday, December 07, 2004 1:32 AM
> To: xmlschema-dev@w3.org
> Subject: Using non-native attributes
> I am trying to use a non-native schema attribute and it doesn't seem
> to work how I thought it would. The only reference with substance I
> can find on the subject is Priscilla Walmsley's book Definitive XML
> Schema. I am trying to annotate a schema with some custom attributes
> to validate an idea and have run into some trouble.
> When I edit an XML Schema using WebSphere Development Studio's (WDS)
> Schema editor, I get an error "Unknown attribute xxx:yyy". After a lot
> of trial and error, I downloaded a similar example from the Definitive
> XML Schema Web site. That example (chapter 6 5/6) fails with the same
> error (and a missing type). At this point, I have to believe that WDS
> is unable to work with non-native attributes.
> Here is the example XML Document and XML Schema:
> <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
> <xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
>         xmlns:doc="http://example.org/doc"
>         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
>         xsi:schemaLocation="http://example.org/doc example0606.xsd">
>    <xsd:element name="product" type="xsd:string" 
>             doc:description="This element represents a product."/>
> </xsd:schema>
> <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
> <xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
>         xmlns="http://example.org/doc"
>         targetNamespace="http://example.org/doc">
>    <xsd:attribute name="description" type="xsd:string"/>
> </xsd:schema>
> The next thing I tried was to use a Java program to programatically
> validate this Schema with the XML Schema Schema. I receive the
> fillowing "Caused by: org.xml.sax.SAXParseException: cvc-elt.1: Cannot
> find the declaration of element 'xsd:schema'." I can use this same
> program to validate conventional XML documents against an XML Schema
> and it works fine. I am using Xerces 1.6.2 and JDOM 1.0.  I have tried
> using an entity resolver to pick up a local copy of XMLSchema.xsd as
> well as from the URL: http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema.xsd.
> Here is some of the code:
>        SAXBuilder builder =
>            new 
> SAXBuilder("org.apache.xerces.parsers.SAXParser", true);
>      builder.setEntityResolver(new SchemaLoader());
>        builder.setFeature(
>            "http://apache.org/xml/features/validation/schema",
>            true);
>        builder.setProperty(
> "http://apache.org/xml/properties/schema/external-schemaLocation",
>            "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema.xsd");
>        Document doc = builder.build(xmlFile);
> Thanks for your help,
> David Morris
Received on Tuesday, 7 December 2004 16:56:36 UTC

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