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Re: Multiple include problem in XML-Schema (XSD).

From: <Noah_Mendelsohn@lotus.com>
Date: Thu, 21 Jun 2001 14:55:17 -0400
To: Wunnava.Venkateswar@kla-tencor.com
Cc: Eddie Robertsson <eddie@allette.com.au>, xmlschema-dev@w3.org
Message-ID: <OF7AEAC163.C2A3E936-ON85256A72.00674045@lotus.com>
WunnavaVenkateswar wrote (sorry, I'm not sure of the correct order of your 
"Is there a mechanism in XML-Schema specification by which I can stop 
multiple includes of a Schema (XSD)?"

If you read the schema recommendation at [1] you will find the following 
very explicit statement:

"NOTE: The above is carefully worded so that multiple <include>ing of the 
same schema document will not constitute a violation of clause 2 of Schema 
Properties Correct (3.15.6), but applications are allowed, indeed 
encouraged, to avoid <include>ing the same schema document more than once 
to forestall the necessity of establishing identity component by 

In simple if less precise English: reinclusion of the same schema is not 
an error.  If your processor blows up when you do such multiple 
inclusions, then your processor has bugs.

Processors are required to recognize that the components created from 
subsequent inclusions are indeed identical to the originals, and therefore 
not an error.  It is an error to include conflicting definitions for 
declarations for any particular name.  Reinclusion is discouraged only 
insofar as it may cost the processor a bit of time to detect that the 
reinclusion is in fact legal.  Note also that legal and illegal inclusions 
are distinguished not by the filename or URL, but by whether the 
definitions included are in fact identical.  It is not an error (though 
not necessarily useful or desirable) to include two or more completely 
different schema documents that happen to produce identical definitions 
for some set of components.

Hope this helps.

[1] http://www.w3.org/TR/xmlschema-1/#compound-schema

Noah Mendelsohn                                    Voice: 1-617-693-4036
Lotus Development Corp.                            Fax: 1-617-693-8676
One Rogers Street
Cambridge, MA 02142
Received on Thursday, 21 June 2001 15:00:17 UTC

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