Web Service Usage Scenarios

Editors Copy 21 February 2002

This version:
ws-desc-usecases.html
Latest version:
http://www.w3.org/2002/ws/desc/2/03/UC/ws-desc-usecases.html
Previous versions:
http://www.w3.org/2002/ws/desc/2/03/UC/ws-desc-usecases.html
Editor:
Waqar Sadiq, EDS

Abstract

This document describes the Web Service Description Usage Scenarios of the Web Service Description specification.

Status of this Document

This document is an editors' copy that has no official standing.

This section describes the status of this document at the time of its publication. Other documents may supersede this document. The latest status of this document series is maintained at the W3C.

This is the first W3C Working Draft of the Web Service Description requirements document. It is a chartered deliverable of the Web Service Description Working Group (WG), which is part of the Web Service Activity. The Working has agreed to publish this document, although this document does not necessarily represent consensus within the Working Group about Web Service Description requirements.

Discussion of this document takes place on the public www-ws-desc@w3.org mailing list [3] per the email communication rules in the Web Service Description Working Group Charter [4].

This is a public W3C Working Draft. It is a draft document and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use W3C Working Drafts as reference material or to cite them as other than "work in progress". A list of all W3C technical reports can be found at http://www.w3.org/TR/.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction
2 Documentation of Usage Scenarios
2.1 Messaging
2.1.1 UC0001 Fire-and-forget[WS
2.1.1.1 Scenario Definition
2.1.1.2 Scenario Description
2.1.2 UC0002 Oneway Message With Gauranteed Delivery[WS]
2.1.2.1 Scenario Definition
2.1.2.2 Scenario Description
2.1.3 UC0006 Document Centric Computing[WS]
2.1.3.1 Scenario Definition
2.1.3.2 Scenario Description
2.1.4 UC0015 Request-response [JJM]
2.1.4.1 Scenario Definition
2.1.4.2 Scenario Description
2.1.5 UC0016 Remote Procedure Call [JJM]
2.1.5.1 Scenario Definition
2.1.5.2 Scenario Description
2.1.6 UC0017 Request with acknowledgement [JJM]
2.1.6.1 Scenario Definition
2.1.6.2 Scenario Description
2.1.7 UC0020 Third party intermediary [JJM]
2.1.7.1 Scenario Definition
2.1.7.2 Scenario Description
2.1.8 UC0021 Communication via multiple intermediaries [JJM]
2.1.8.1 Scenario Definition
2.1.8.2 Scenario Description
2.1.9 UC0022 Asynchronous messaging [JJM]
2.1.9.1 Scenario Definition
2.1.9.2 Scenario Description
2.1.10 UC0024 Multiple asynchronous responses [JJM]
2.1.10.1 Scenario Definition
2.1.10.2 Scenario Description
2.1.11 UC0025 Event notification [JJM]
2.1.11.1 Scenario Definition
2.1.11.2 Scenario Description
2.1.12 UC0028 Sync/Async Operations [IS]
2.1.12.1 Scenario Definition
2.1.12.2 Scenario Description
2.1.13 UC0030 Events [IS]
2.1.13.1 Scenario Definition
2.1.13.2 Scenario Description
2.2 Specification
2.2.1 UC0003 Multiple Faults[WS]
2.2.1.1 Scenario Definition
2.2.1.2 Scenario Description
2.2.2 UC0004 Service Level Attributes[WS]
2.2.2.1 Scenario Definition
2.2.2.2 Scenario Description
2.2.3 UC0005 Operation Level Attributes[WS]
2.2.3.1 Scenario Definition
2.2.3.2 Scenario Description
2.2.4 UC0029 Namespaces with data and interfaces [IS]
2.2.4.1 Scenario Definition
2.2.4.2 Scenario Description
2.2.5 UC0031 Versioning [IS]
2.2.5.1 Scenario Definition
2.2.5.2 Scenario Description
2.3 Service Reference
2.3.1 UC0012 Web service references[PP]
2.3.1.1 Scenario Definition
2.3.1.2 Scenario Description
2.3.2 UC0027 References [IS]
2.3.2.1 Scenario Definition
2.3.2.2 Scenario Description
2.4 Payload
2.4.1 UC0018 Request with encrypted payload [JJM]
2.4.1.1 Scenario Definition
2.4.1.2 Scenario Description
2.4.2 UC0019 Message header and payload encryption [JJM]
2.4.2.1 Scenario Definition
2.4.2.2 Scenario Description
2.4.3 UC0023 Sending non-XML data [JJM]
2.4.3.1 Scenario Definition
2.4.3.2 Scenario Description
2.5 Meta data
2.5.1 UC0026 Service Metadata [IS]
2.5.1.1 Scenario Definition
2.5.1.2 Scenario Description
2.6 Miscellaneous
2.6.1 UC0007 Print Data Transformation[DW]
2.6.1.1 Scenario Definition
2.6.1.2 Scenario Description
2.6.2 UC0008 Document Delivery[DW]
2.6.2.1 Scenario Definition
2.6.2.2 Scenario Description
2.6.3 UC0009 Image manipulation[DW]
2.6.3.1 Scenario Definition
2.6.3.2 Scenario Description
2.6.4 UC0010 Printer maintenance Service[DW]
2.6.4.1 Scenario Definition
2.6.4.2 Scenario Description
2.6.5 UC0011 Document creation[DW]
2.6.5.1 Scenario Definition
2.6.5.2 Scenario Description
2.6.6 UC0013 Inventory Reporting[AK]
2.6.6.1 Scenario Definition
2.6.6.2 Scenario Description
2.6.7 UC0014 Travel service volume discounts[AK]
2.6.7.1 Scenario Definition
2.6.7.2 Scenario Description
2.6.8 UC0032 ????????? [JR]
2.6.8.1 Scenario Definition
2.6.8.2 Scenario Description
2.6.9 UC0033 ???????? [WV]
2.6.9.1 Scenario Definition
2.6.9.2 Scenario Description
2.6.10 UC0034 ???????? [YF]
2.6.10.1 Scenario Definition
2.6.10.2 Scenario Description
3 References
4 Acknowledgements
5 Change Log


1 Introduction

Introduction goes here.

2 Documentation of Usage Scenarios

2.1 Messaging

2.1.1 UC0001 Fire-and-forget[WS

2.1.1.1 Scenario Definition

A oneway message with no delvery semantics gautanteed.

2.1.1.2 Scenario Description

A metrics collection service exposes an interface for applications running in an environment to report their application usage metrics. Instead of reporting individual metrics, these applications report a computed sum that represents the summary of usage their usage. Therefore, the loss of a message is not important because the next update will again provide an updated summary. The target web service exposes an interface to report those metrics. In the interest of efficiency, the client applications are not interested in receiving any faults because and just want to send a message and forget about it until the next time.

2.1.2 UC0002 Oneway Message With Gauranteed Delivery[WS]

2.1.2.1 Scenario Definition

A oneway message with gauranteed delivery

2.1.2.2 Scenario Description

A web service provides a messaging service. This web service is a higher level interface over enterprise messaging capabilities such as JMS. On the publisher side, it exposes an interface that allows applications to publish messages to a logical messaging channel. The publishing clients do not expect to receive a response to their invocation however it is important for them to know that the message has been delivered. So while they make a one-way request, they do want receive faults if the message could not be successfully published, whether due to a system error on the server side or due to an application error on the server side.

2.1.3 UC0006 Document Centric Computing[WS]

2.1.3.1 Scenario Definition

Describing services whose operations support document centric computing

2.1.3.2 Scenario Description

A web service is ebXML based web service that requires document-oriented computing. The operations that its interface includes are all actually asynchronous messages with no parameters. All the data to the messages is sent as document attachments. Its description document will then describe the data expected by its operations in terms of the expected attachments and not in terms of its parameters.

2.1.4 UC0015 Request-response [JJM]

2.1.4.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.1.4.2 Scenario Description

Two parties wish to conduct electronic business by the exchange of business documents. The sending party packages one or more documents into a request message, which is then sent to the receiving party. The receiving party then processes the message contents and responds to the sending party. Examples of the sending party's documents may be purchase order requests, manufacturing information and patient healthcare information. Examples of the receiving party's responses may include order confirmations, change control information and contractual acknowledgements.

2.1.5 UC0016 Remote Procedure Call [JJM]

2.1.5.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.1.5.2 Scenario Description

The sender invokes the service by passing parameters that are serialized into a message for transmission to the receiving server.

2.1.6 UC0017 Request with acknowledgement [JJM]

2.1.6.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.1.6.2 Scenario Description

A sender wishes to reliably exchange data with a receiver. It wishes to be notified of the status of the data delivery to the receiver. The status may take the form of: 1. The data has been successfully delivered to the receiver, or 2. Some failure has occurred which prevents the successful delivery to the receiver.

2.1.7 UC0020 Third party intermediary [JJM]

2.1.7.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.1.7.2 Scenario Description

A blind auction marketplace serves as a broker between buyers and suppliers. Buyers submit their requirements to the marketplace hub, which broadcasts this information to multiple suppliers. Suppliers respond to the marketplace hub where the information is logged and ultimately delivered to the buyer.

2.1.8 UC0021 Communication via multiple intermediaries [JJM]

2.1.8.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.1.8.2 Scenario Description

An intermediary forwards a message to the ultimate receiver on behalf of an initial sender. The initial sender wishes to enforce the non-repudiation property of the route. Any intermediate message service handler that appends a routing message must log the routing header information. Signed routing headers and the message readers must be logged at the message handler which passes the message to the ultimate receiver to provide the evidence of non-repudiation.

2.1.9 UC0022 Asynchronous messaging [JJM]

2.1.9.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.1.9.2 Scenario Description

A sender sends a message asynchronously to a receiver expecting some response at a later time. The sender tags the request with an identifier allowing the response to be correlated with the originating request. The sender may also tag the message with an identifier for another service (other than the originating sender) which will be the recipient of the response.

2.1.10 UC0024 Multiple asynchronous responses [JJM]

2.1.10.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.1.10.2 Scenario Description

An application requests some information from a server, which is returned at a later time in multiple responses. This can be because the requested information was not available all at once (e.g., distributed web searches).

2.1.11 UC0025 Event notification [JJM]

2.1.11.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.1.11.2 Scenario Description

An application subscribes to notifications of certain named events from an event source. When such events occur, notifications are sent back to the originating application (first party notification) or to another application (third party notification). For example, an application can subscribe to notification of various aspects of a printer's status (e.g., running out of paper, ink etc.). The notifications of such events could be delivered to a management application.

2.1.12 UC0028 Sync/Async Operations [IS]

2.1.12.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.1.12.2 Scenario Description

To negotiate proper communication sequence WS provider has to be able to describe if certain operations can be handled asynchronously, must be handled asynchronously or synchronously and what is the expected execution time. This would allow process orchestration system to properly adjust the flow and not run into unexpected blocking.

Here is an example of operation definitions.

<portType> 
	<operation ... handling="sync async" replyTime="10000"/> <!-- up to the client -->
	<operation ... /> <!-- only sync -->
	<operation ... handling="async" replyTime="unknown"> <!-- long running, human dependent -->
</portTYpe>

WS client would then get to use operations properly. Similar to this.

AsyncContext ctx = service.start_myAsyncOp(...);
MyResult result = service.waitFor_myAsyncOp(ctx);

The underlying WS framework would then initiate proper SOAP messaging sequence with acknowledgement and notification phases. SOAP protocol must support asynchronous messaging.

2.1.13 UC0030 Events [IS]

2.1.13.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.1.13.2 Scenario Description

A WS provider can describe events generated by a service as follows:

<message name="hasDataIn">
	<part name="container" type="data:Container"/>
</message>
<message name="hasDataOut">
	<part name="context" type="data:Context"/>
</message>
<portType>
	<operation...
	<event name="hasData1" mode="poll" interval="10">
		<input message="inerface:hasDataIn"/>
		<output message="inerface:hasDataOut"/>
	</event>
	<event name="hasData2" mode="push">
		<input message="inerface:hasDataIn"/>
		<output message="inerface:hasDataOut"/>
	</event>
</portType>

And this way WS client may subscribe to events like this

service.subscribe_hasData1(new data.Container(...),new myServiceListener()) 
service.subscribe_hasData2(new data.Container(...),new myServiceListener())

And implement a proper handler

class myServiceListener
{
	void hasData1(data.Context ctx) { ... }
	void hasData2(data.Context ctx) { ... }
}

The underlying WS framework would take care of the event by either polling (sending a SOAP request) with a specified interval or registering a SOAP listener (endpoint) with the target WS (according to the event definition in WSDL).

We should also describe the SOAP protocol sequence (registrtion/acknowledgement/notification) for the events in accordance with asynchronous SOAP messaging.

2.2 Specification

2.2.1 UC0003 Multiple Faults[WS]

2.2.1.1 Scenario Definition

Declaration of a method that raises multiple faults

2.2.1.2 Scenario Description

A web service interface method can fail due to several reasons. The faults raised by the method may be semantically different from each other and further more, some of the faults may be standard faults defined for a group of web services. For example, in an accounting system, there may be a general “creation fault” defined for indicating the failure such as out of resources or PO already exists. The creation of PO could also fail because the data provided to initialize the PO is invalid. The web service method “createPO” might then fail because of any of the reasons described above and may want to raise separate faults depending on the reason for failure.

2.2.2 UC0004 Service Level Attributes[WS]

2.2.2.1 Scenario Definition

Declaration of service level attributes

2.2.2.2 Scenario Description

Two web services, implementing the interface for “looking up for insurance providers“, from different sources are offered in a registry. One of the two services actually performs extensive data validation on the data provided, for example making sure that the zip codes in the address provided are valid”, while the other web service assumes that the data provided is valid and searches for insurance providers has already been validated and uses it to perform its search without any further validation. The interface was developed by an industry consortium that agreed to reflect the data validation capability of the services as a service-level attribute. Some intelligent registries may then actually allow search criteria that can be predicated on these service-level attributes or alternatively, the client application may check the value of the service level attribute itself at runtime to find out its value. The service-level attribute may be mapped to accessor methods which can be invoked either by the intelligent registry as part of executing the search query or by the client application itself.

2.2.3 UC0005 Operation Level Attributes[WS]

2.2.3.1 Scenario Definition

Declaration of operational level attributes

2.2.3.2 Scenario Description

In an advanced architecture where distributed transactions are supported, a web service may want to declare some of its operations as transactional as opposed to the entire interface being transactional. A web service offering various financial related web services may be able to verify a buyer’s credit in a non-transactional manner but may require the client application to start a transaction before invoking the operation to prepare an invoice. The target web service may have a declarator on the method specification that indicates that the operation for invoicing requires transaction.

2.2.4 UC0029 Namespaces with data and interfaces [IS]

2.2.4.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.2.4.2 Scenario Description

A service can have an OO model like this:

my.app.model.Address is a base class to represent 
data my.app.impl.Address inherits my.app.model.Address 
my.app.model.AddressBook is an interface my.app.impl.AddressBook is an implementation of my.app.model.AddressBook

It is possible to represent this model in WSDL and associated XML Schema by placing schema and interfaces in the proper XML namespaces. It has to be required that namespaces are not getting lost between service provider and the client. It should be part of WSDL compliance.

Here is a brief example:

<definitions xmlns:model="urn:my.app.model" xmlns:impl="urn:my.app.impl">
<types>
<schema targetNamespace="urn:my.app.model">...
<schema targetNamespace="urn:my.app.impl">...
</types>
<message targetNamespace="urn:my.app.model" ...
<message targetNamespace="urn:my.app.impl" ...
<portType targetNamespace="urn:my.app.model" ...
<portType targetNamespace="urn:my.app.impl" ...

2.2.5 UC0031 Versioning [IS]

2.2.5.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.2.5.2 Scenario Description

A WS provider can describe versions of interfaces implemented by a service. Such as this

<definitions xmlns:interface-latest="urn:myService-latest" xmlns:interface-ver1="urn:myService-ver1" ... >
	<binding targetNamespace="urn:myService-latest" version="2.0.0.0"> ... 
	<binding targetNamespace="urn:myService-ver1" version="1.0.0.0"> ... 
	<service name="myServiceService"> 
		<port name="myService" binding="interface-latest:myServiceSoapBinding"> ... 
		<port name="myService" binding="interface-ver1:myServiceSoapBinding"> ... 
	</service>

WS client can bind to the necessary interface version. This way there is no ambiguity when WS proivider changes service interfaces and client has created a static proxy that uses previous version of interfaces.

WS provider can deprecate and remove interfaces as desired, and the client would know that. Client would send a SOAP request that would not be accepted (as namespaces do not match), as opposed to client trying to send a SOAP request that could be accepted, but improperly executed.

2.3 Service Reference

2.3.1 UC0012 Web service references[PP]

2.3.1.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.3.1.2 Scenario Description

I have many components that accept some kind of business document. All of these business documents have certain common behaviors and in particular they may be cancelled, approved or postponed. It must be possible for one component (let's say the purchasing interface) to report the existence of a document to another component (let's say the purchasing approval workflow engine). The purchasing approval component must be able to invoke the "cancel", "approve" or "postpone" methods on the business document.

Of course in simple cases one can always work around the lack of references by passing around magic cookies to some kind of "purchase order manager" but this scales very poorly because it means that ALL access to purchase orders throughout the entire company must go through a single component, just because it happens to implement the cancel_based_on_cookie(), approve_based_on_cookie() and postpone_based_on_cookie methods.

In programming terms the right way to do it is:

interface po:
   def approve():
      (do some authorization etc. and then change the state to cancel)

   def cancel():
      (do some authorization etc. and then change the state to cancel)

   def postpone():
      (do some authorization etc. and then change the state to cancel)

class purchasing_interface_1:
    def accept_purchase_order(address, items, etc. etc.):
        validate(address, items, etc. etc.)
        po = new PO(address, items, etc. etc.)
        my_list_of_purchase_orders.add(po)
        approval_engine.add(po)
        return po

class purchasing_interface_2: 
    # same basic thing but owned by different part of organization
    def our_accept_purchase_order(address, items, etc. etc.):
        validate(address, items, etc. etc.)
        po = new PO(address, items, etc. etc.)
        my_list_of_purchase_orders.add(po)
        approval_engine.add(po)
        return po


class approval_workflow_component:
    def ceo_says_approve(po):
        po.approve()

In programming terms the wrong way to do it is:

class po_manager:
   def new_po(address, item, etc.):
       cookie = make_new_cookie()
       my_list_of_purchase_orders.add(cookie, address, item)
       return cookie

   def approve(cookie):
      (do some authorization etc. and then change the state to cancel)

   def cancel(cookie):
      (do some authorization etc. and then change the state to cancel)

   def postpone(cookie):
      (do some authorization etc. and then change the state to cancel)

class purchasing_interface_1:
    def accept_purchase_order(address, items, etc. etc.):
        validate(address, items, etc. etc.)
        po_cookie = global_po_manager.new_po(address,item, etc.)
        approval_engine.add(po)
        return po_cookie
        
class purchasing_interface_2:
    def accept_purchase_order(address, items, etc. etc.):
        validate(address, items, etc. etc.)
        po_cookie = global_po_manager.new_po(address,item, etc.)
        approval_engine.add(po)
        return po_cookie

class approval_workflow_component:
    def ceo_says_approve(cookie):
        global_po_manager.approve(cookie)
        

Note how instead of just specifying the interface to purchase orders I had to centralize everything through a single component that implemented that interface for purchase orders from different parts of the company that might not otherwise have had to be centralized. The centralization decision should be a business decision and not forced by the weaknesses of the description language.

WSDL needs to be able to define the abstract "purchase order" interface and to describe methods like accept_purchase_order which return objects of that type. At the SOAP level those would be URIs to dynamically created endpoints representing those purchase orders.

2.3.2 UC0027 References [IS]

2.3.2.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.3.2.2 Scenario Description

A WS provider can define operations that return and/or take as a parameter a reference to another WS interface.

Here is an example of extended attribute definitions and inclusion.

The definition would look as follows:

<definitions ... xmlns:ref="http://schemas.xmlssoap.org/wsdl/ref> 
<message name="..."> 
	<part name="param" type="ref:ref"> 
<message> 

A schema for http://schemas.xmlssoap.org/wsdl/ref is as follows :

<schema targetNamespace="http://schemas.xmlssoap.org/wsdl/ref" xmlns:ref="http://schemas.xmlssoap.org/wsdl/ref">
	<complexType name="ref">
	<all>
		<element name="description" nillable="true" type="xsd:string"/>
		<element name="service" type="xsd:QName"/>
		<element name="port" nillable="true" type="xsd:string"/>
	</all>
	</complexType>
	<element name="ref" type="ref:ref"/>
</schema>

Then a WS client can use references to the interfaces as follows:

MyExtSvc esvc = new MyExtSvc(service.myMethodReturnungRef(...))

The underlying WS framework would support instantiation of a service based on reference (like most already instantiate based on an endpoint URL).

I believe systinet does something similar, but unless it's mandated by the WSDL standard it is as good as private app-specific extension.

2.4 Payload

2.4.1 UC0018 Request with encrypted payload [JJM]

2.4.1.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.4.1.2 Scenario Description

A sender wishes to exchange data with a receiver and has agreed to encrypt the payload. The sending and receiving applications agree on the encryption methodology. Data is encrypted by the originating application and sent to the receiver via SOAP. The data reaches the receiving application untouched, and may then be decrypted in the agreed-upon manner.

2.4.2 UC0019 Message header and payload encryption [JJM]

2.4.2.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.4.2.2 Scenario Description

Two trading partners engaged in a message exchange may agree to cryptographically sign and verify either the message header, the routing header(s) and/ or the payload. The sender or originating application may perform the signing of the payload. The sending message handler signs the message header. A routing header may be appended to the message header. The routing header may also be signed by a message service handler.

2.4.3 UC0023 Sending non-XML data [JJM]

2.4.3.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.4.3.2 Scenario Description

A digital camera wishes to transmit image data over a wireless link using SOAP to a remote server. The binary image data (non-XML) accompanies the message. The digital camera represents a situation in which connections from the receiver to the sender may not be permitted due to device limitations or firewalls.

2.5 Meta data

2.5.1 UC0026 Service Metadata [IS]

2.5.1.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.5.1.2 Scenario Description

A WS provider can decorate various elements of the service description with custom attributes. These attributes may be application specific and would be described by the WS provider in an additional documentation. Such custom attributes may be defined in a specific schema. WS provider may include such extra information as owner e-mail, link to SLA, security and session requirements for a particular message, etc.

Here is an example of extended attribute definitions and inclusion.

<descriptions ... > 
<extend xmlns:myExt="..."> 
<myExt:owner id="owner1" email="myadmin@mycorp.com/> 
<myExt:sec id="sec1" signatureRequired="yes"/> <myExt:sess id="sess1" cookie="MYCTX"/> 
</extend> 
<types>... 
<message extend="sec1 sess1" ... <portType... <binding ... <service extend="owner1" ...

A WS client can interrogate the metadata attributes as follows:

NodeList ext = service.getExtend();

Similarly for message descriptions.

2.6 Miscellaneous

2.6.1 UC0007 Print Data Transformation[DW]

2.6.1.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.6.1.2 Scenario Description

A service is available that will take data from a mobile device (PDA, Cell Phone) to be printed in a variety of formats (text, pdf, html) and will transform the data into a printable format (PostScript, PCL) and deliver it to a specified printer.

2.6.2 UC0008 Document Delivery[DW]

2.6.2.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.6.2.2 Scenario Description

A service is available that will accept a document scanned from a multifunction device and deposit it in an archive. An e-mail or other notification will be sent to the specified recipient with a URL pointer to the document. The document can then be viewed, copied or printed by the recipient. End-to-end encryption will be available as well as recipient authentication.

2.6.3 UC0009 Image manipulation[DW]

2.6.3.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.6.3.2 Scenario Description

A service is available to take an image in a number of formats (JPG, PNG, TIFF, etc.) with potentially very large amounts of data (hundreds of megabytes) and apply transformations and other processes (de-speckle, de-skew, etc.) specified to the image and then returned the resultant processed image back to the requestor in the requested format.

2.6.4 UC0010 Printer maintenance Service[DW]

2.6.4.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.6.4.2 Scenario Description

A service is available that accepts status and usage information for MFD/Printers etc. on a corporate network and then periodically and/or automatically places an order for additional supplies, scheduled maintenance etc. (includes mutual authentication and payments/billing).

2.6.5 UC0011 Document creation[DW]

2.6.5.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.6.5.2 Scenario Description

A service is available that accepts a request to create a physical embodiment of a document. Special formats (e.g., booklets, bindings), media (e.g., posters, t-shirts) and handling (e.g., FEDEX delivery of results) can be specified. Authentication and payments/billing are supported.

2.6.6 UC0013 Inventory Reporting[AK]

2.6.6.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.6.6.2 Scenario Description

In vendor-managed inventory scenarios, suppliers monitor the inventory levels of their customers then, when levels of items meet specified reorder points, the suppliers restock the inventory to predetermined levels, and bill the customers for the goods actually sold. In the case of some retail food items, delivery drivers make these determinations (next time you are at the supermarket, watch the potato chip delivery drivers go through this process as they restock the racks). But no company wants to carry inventory and all parties in a supply chain would like to be relieved of the guess work and carrying costs that accompany inventories.

With standard UPC/EAN product numbers bar coded on package labels, and inexpensive bar code reading systems, it is possible for even the smallest companies to track inventories closely. However, the companies need the infrastructure to capture the bar code scanning data and report them to suppliers in a timely, consistent, and meaningful way. A Web service that can perform these functions would either regularly (i.e., daily) report inventory levels or alert the suppliers when the customer meets reorder points on specified items.

The description should be able to identify business processes, inventory reporting transaction(s), periodic inventory level report, report frequency such as hourly/daily/weekly, real-time, inventory items such as UPC/EAN product identifiers, inventory item quantities, reorder flag (Yes/No), party identification, e.g. DUNS number, message format specifications, acknowledgement required, authentication process, encryption requirements.

2.6.7 UC0014 Travel service volume discounts[AK]

2.6.7.1 Scenario Definition

???????

2.6.7.2 Scenario Description

Cruise lines need to market their services to individuals or couples, which is expensive and risky. Likewise, passengers purchase space on cruise ships individually, which limits their ability to get meaningful discounts. Both customers and cruise lines would benefit from a service that enables individual customers with common preferences to identify those preferences and book their travel as a group. The Open Travel Alliance specifications include a customer profile that can identify and transmit detailed travel preferences.

A Web service that describes passenger cruise preferences, such as dates, destinations, or special features (e.g., Geek Cruises … they really exist), would enable potential passengers to group together and bid among the cruise lines for their business. The Web service would need to aggregate the individual preferences into groups and describe those preferences for vendors. These processes could be replicated for other auction or reverse-auction transactions.

The web service description should identify business processes, customer inquiry, customer aggregation, travel service offer, transactions: request and response messages for each process like customer inquiry request/response, customer aggregation request/response and travel service offer request/response, party identification, e.g. DUNS number, ATA number, message format specifications, acknowledgement required, authentication process, encryption requirements.

2.6.8 UC0032 ????????? [JR]

2.6.8.1 Scenario Definition

Use case for DR053

2.6.8.2 Scenario Description

Imagine a component framework in which components and their operations (building finally the component's functionality) should be described with WSDL. In the framework the components are using operations from each other dynamically: in the program code there is no "hard-wired" function call but instead a "semantic description/reference" of what kind of operation to use, which will be dissolved just in time bevore execution. With this "semantic description" a search for suitable operations could be started in a (logical) centralized registry (maybe with UDDI). The registry contains (WSDL) information of all currently available components/operations within the framework. Result of the search query are the concrete binding parameters (protocol, URL, operation signature, etc.) of the matching operations. Finding a suitable match _automatically_ (without manual/human interaction) will be done by searching in the registered WSDL files for the specified "semantic description". One half of this "semantic description" are the parameters defined with complex XML schema types. The other one should be the determination of the operation (i.e. its functionality). But only considering the operation name has the same drawbacks as comparing parameters only by their name (or even simple types like integer, string, etc.): only operations with exactly the same name as chosen from the operation's programmer are returned. So with introducing a kind of "type system" for operations (or maybe a classification) would bring the benefit that the result set of the above mentioned query could return operations with different names, but which are implementing the same functionality/behaviour. With this it would also be possible to exchange one component (respectively their operation/s) with another independently developed one, which has the same functionality but with (maybe only slightly) different operation name(s) - and this without further manual interaction.

2.6.9 UC0033 ???????? [WV]

2.6.9.1 Scenario Definition

?????????

2.6.9.2 Scenario Description

My service invocation contains a routing header in which I specify the return path. I may want to provide a different routing path whether I expect the respond to come in one second or in two weeks.

2.6.10 UC0034 ???????? [YF]

2.6.10.1 Scenario Definition

?????????

2.6.10.2 Scenario Description

A webcam is plugged in to a network. This webcam can describe its services through a pre-loaded WSDL file. I think it is important to keep in mind that WSDL files may be published by such devices (where space is valuable and/or read-only) as well as by big servers. It should also be possible for a user to contact the webcam and get its WSDL description. Should we make a standard way to retrieve from a web service its description (like making an HTTP get request to an HTTP web service will trigger the web service to send its description)? Is it let to a higher level ? Then, a user sends through the network an HTTP request to get the video. The webcam answers to this request by streaming the video to the user. The user sends another request to stop the streaming. I think WSDL should provide a way to express that it will use streaming at some point. Streaming might be used at two levels: - at the protocol level : the service may transmit the result by streaming - at the datatype level : the service may indicate that it will receive/send streaming as input/output..

3 References

1
Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels (See http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2119.txt.)
2
Web Service Description Comments Archive (See http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/www-ws-desc-comments/.)
3
Web Service Discussion Archive (See http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/www-ws-desc/.)
4
Web Service Description Charter (See http://www.w3.org/2002/01/ws-desc-charter.)

4 Acknowledgements

5 Change Log

DateEditorChange
21 Feb 2002WSCreated
13 March 2002WSGrouped scenarios in related topics