Making an http gateway

Tim Berners-Lee (timbl)
Fri, 21 Feb 92 10:52:53 GMT+0100

Date: Fri, 21 Feb 92 10:52:53 GMT+0100
From: timbl (Tim Berners-Lee)
Message-Id: <9202210952.AA28042@ >
To: (Dave Brennan)
Subject: Making an http gateway


> In our network environment there is only one machine that has  
direct access
> to the Internet for security reasons.  Is there a way to run the  
client on
> some other system in our net and have it use the "gateway" machine?   
I am
> very interested in learning more about the WWW and similar  
projects.  It's
> kind of annoying that the setup here makes this difficult.
> Thanks,
> Dave Brennan

That's a very good question, as lots of companies have this  
Fortunately, the browser is set up so that you can
pass requests (according to protocol in the document id) to a  
gateway.  You can on the client node setenv WWW_http_GATEWAY and  
WWW_wais_GATEWAY etc to point gateway addresses. At that address you  
need to set up a server to access the remote whateveritis and send  
the results back as hypertext.

	HTTP gateway:

I've just tried this and it seems to work fine. You use the www  
client as a server. On your gateway machine,

1. Put a new service (htgate, 8002 say) into /etc/services or  
whatever you use instead.

2. Set up inetd.conf to run /usr/local/bin/htgate when a tcp  
connection to htgate comes in. You have to kill -HUP the inetd  
process to get it to take the change into account.

3. Use this htgate script which reads the command line and then calls  
www with its second parameter and sends the source to the caller:

#! /bin/sh
read get docid
/usr/local/bin/www -source -n -na -p "$docid"

That will handle anything where the source is HTML.  It won't handle  
internet news, gopher, etc.  (For that we need an option on the  
browser -html which generates HTML
from news, etc, which we haven't done yet -- but you're not the first  
to ask)

I suggest you run the wais gateway separately, but you could change  
the shell script to check the protocol on the doc-id and run www or  
WAISGate as appropriate. That means you set separately on the client

	setenv WWW_http_GATEWAY
	setenv WWW_wais_GATEWAY

For the wais gateway, you get the sources from  
/pub/www/stcWWWDaemon_v.vv.tar.Z and compile it. The documentation is and linked  

I hope this solves the problem and opens up the web for the  
organsiation.  If you need the option for news or gopher, we'll have  
to put the -html option in. Let me (and the list) know how you get