W3C home > Mailing lists > Public > www-style@w3.org > June 2008

Re: WebKit now supports CSS Variables

From: Andrew Fedoniouk <news@terrainformatica.com>
Date: Mon, 30 Jun 2008 13:41:38 -0700
Message-ID: <48694502.7020005@terrainformatica.com>
To: Francois Remy <fremycompany_pub@yahoo.fr>
CC: CSS 3 W3C Group <www-style@w3.org>

Francois Remy wrote:
> 
>>> In any language, if you try to write something like "const x = 1" in 
>>> file1 and
>>> "const x = 2" in file2 (assuming that both file a defining the 
>>> variable on the
>>> same scope), you will get a compilation error and nothing of your 
>>> code will
>>> be compiled.
>>
>> Depends on many factors, cases and languages. In most languages you 
>> can define constants with the same name but e.g. in different 
>> namespaces and probably files.
> 
> If you are "assuming that both file a defining the variable on the same 
> scope",
> then it's not possible.

It, again, depends on many factors. In C/C++ preprocessor you can do
following:

#define SOME_COLOR 0xFF0000

...
#if !defined(SOME_COLOR)
   #define SOME_COLOR 0x00FF00
#endif

In the same way you can change value of defined constant/variable.

By having first-seen-first-used (@const) you have an option
to do the same in CSS

@const SOME_COLOR: #0000FF;
....
somewhere far away:
/* if SOME_COLOR is not defined anywhere before let it be #00FF00 */
@const SOME_COLOR: #00FF00;


> 
>> CSS uses "silent recovery" method of parsing. So if you have
>> two entities with the same name you have only two options in CSS:
>>
>> 1) first seen - first used. That is @const.
>> 2) last seen - last used. That is @var.
> 
> Yes, but what's "first" seen ?

"First" means first. In the same meaning as "latter" here:

"if two declarations have the same weight, origin and specificity, the 
latter specified wins"

http://www.w3.org/TR/CSS21/cascade.html#cascading-order

That is natural cause-and-effect relation.

And of course compiled (loaded) styles are not
affected by runtime position of <style> in the DOM.


-- 
Andrew Fedoniouk.

http://terrainformatica.com
Received on Monday, 30 June 2008 20:42:29 GMT

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