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RE: Re[2]: Taking an axe RDF in XML? (no thank you)

From: Assini, Pasqualino <titto@essex.ac.uk>
Date: Fri, 24 May 2002 10:40:06 +0100
Message-ID: <7AC902A40BEDD411A3A800D0B7847B6676B38D@sernt14.essex.ac.uk>
To: "'Leonid Ototsky'" <leo@mmk.ru>
Cc: www-rdf-interest@w3.org
Hello Leonid,

I think that what really matter is that you choose a design tool that you
are familiar with.

UML is by far the most common modelling language and it will be the easiest
choice for many software designers.

By the way this is exactly the choice we have made for our own semantic web
design process.

What we do is that we create our model in UML (as a simple class diagram,
using free tools such as ArgoUML or Poseidon) and then we use a set of XSLT
transforms to create all the bits and pieces we need to implement the
objects and to make them appear on the semantic web including their RDF
Schema definition (in case you are interested you can find more info in
section 5 of http://www.nesstar.org/sdk/nesstar2002.pdf).
 
I think that it is crucial that we make clear that joining the semantic web
does NOT require the adoption of some esoteric design process/language (to
some people the word 'ontology' reminds dull high school lectures on greek
philosophy). 

Best regards
   
     titto
 
-------------------------
Pasqualino "Titto" Assini - Nesstar Ltd
John Tabor Building - University of Essex
Colchester, Essex  - CO4 3SQ  - United Kingdom
email: titto@nesstar.com <mailto:titto@nesstar.com>  personal email:
titto@kamus.it <mailto:titto@kamus.it> 





-----Original Message-----
From: Leonid Ototsky [mailto:leo@mmk.ru]
Sent: 24 May 2002 06:33
To: Assini, Pasqualino
Cc: www-rdf-interest@w3.org
Subject: Re[2]: Taking an axe RDF in XML? (no thank you)


Collegues,

Suppose the both and XML and RDF are "law level" languages.
And for real projecting there must be something above them.
For example the UML.
http://citeseer.nj.nec.com/cranefield99uml.html
"UML as an Ontology Modelling Language"

Best regards,
 Leonid
mailto:leo@mmk.ru and copy to leo@mgn.ru
=====================================================
Leonid Ototsky,
http://ototsky.mgn.ru
Chief Specialist of the Computer Center,
Magnitogorsk Iron&Steel Works (MMK)- www.mmk.ru
Russia
=====================================================

Thursday, May 23, 2002, 8:43:48 PM, you wrote:


AP> Bill,

AP> I am not sure that the XML syntax is a major stumbling block on the road
to
AP> the adoption of RDF.

AP> The counterexample is XSLT that has an even more horrible syntax but it
has
AP> been widely picked up.

AP> My explanation of XSLT success vs RDF failure to gain widespread
acceptance
AP> is that the use case that XSLT is made to provide, tranforming XML, is
both
AP> widely needed and easily understood.

AP> XSLT provide 'instant satisfaction': you write a transform and some
AP> funny-looking XML gets transformed in human-readable HTML. Now that's
AP> useful.

AP> On the contrary: you describe some resource in RDF and ... not much
happens.


AP> The set of use cases provided by RDF is much richer but also clearly
harder
AP> to grasp than the XSLT ones.


AP> But I would certainly agree that an aesthetically pleasing syntax that
AP> people could write/read easily would help enormously in kick-starting
the
AP> semantic web.

AP> Problem: I don't think that you should be looking at XML for a solution
of
AP> this problem.

AP> Are you aware of any XML syntax that people actually like to use?

AP> XML fulfils a very important function in the semantic web as a flexible,
AP> easy-to parse, transport syntax but it is far from being easy on the
eye.

AP> A much better starting point would be N3 or other non-XML syntaxes.

AP> What about an official non-XML syntax for RDF optimised for human
AP> readability?

AP> Best


AP>      titto

AP> -------------------------
AP> Pasqualino "Titto" Assini - Nesstar Ltd
AP> John Tabor Building - University of Essex
AP> Colchester, Essex  - CO4 3SQ  - United Kingdom
AP> email: titto@nesstar.com <mailto:titto@nesstar.com>  personal email:
AP> titto@kamus.it <mailto:titto@kamus.it>



AP> -----Original Message-----
AP> From: Bill de hÓra [mailto:dehora@eircom.net]
AP> Sent: 23 May 2002 13:51
AP> To: 'Graham Klyne'
AP> Cc: www-rdf-interest@w3.org
AP> Subject: RE: Taking an axe RDF in XML? (no thank you)



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>> -----Original Message-----
>> From: Graham Klyne [mailto:GK@ninebynine.org]
>>
>> Bill,
>>
>> I think there's an implicit assumption in your message that
>> the existing
>> XML serialization of RDF is not suitable for its purpose.

AP> Graham,

AP> I don't altogether agree, but I suspect have a different notion of
AP> fitness for purpose.

AP> Let me clarify what I think the purpose of the XML serialization
AP> is. The XML serialization is there to get RDF adopted and used,
AP> nothing more. Behind that /is/ an assumption and it is this: in
AP> software tools, syntax and ease of use  count for more than
AP> semantics or correctness.

AP> The XML serialization is means-ended: it's a carrier, there so that
AP> RDF graphs and the underlying consequences of the MT can be held
AP> within it. Kendall Grant Clark suggests:

AP> [[[
AP> my theory about why RDF is not widely used is that to date it has
AP> not been well evangelized.
AP> ]]]

AP> He's suggested that this is the role of the primer. I'm suggesting
AP> that this is the role of the XML serialization.


>> I'm not saying it's perfect, just a lot better than it's
>> sometimes given
>> credit for.  It's biggest problem (IMO) was it's original
>> documentation
>> (which is easy for me to say in hindsight...)

AP> I think it's clear enough I agree the state of current syntax draft
AP> is a vast improvement over the M&S.  On the other hand, the wg did
AP> invent ntriples to get some work done and as far as I know is still
AP> using it. Not eating your own dogfood is cause for concern. When I
AP> see the wg and the director move to the XML, no doubt I'll recant.


>> If there's a problem, I think it's that we're failing to
>> capitalize on this
>> migration path to RDF.

AP> I don't agree this is the problem. People are not working and
AP> thinking in RDF and that's almost wholly down to the syntax. RDF
AP> compatible is good, but is a poor substitute for RDF inside. It's
AP> also dissonant; while I'm thinking in domain X in my modelling
AP> language, I have to saccade to be sure about RDF upward
AP> compatibility. Make it easy for me to think about domain X /in/ RDF
AP> not /for/ RDF.


>> >4) Wrt to deployment, RDF's costs are frontloaded. We think
>> it's going
>> >useful, some day, because we have a notion that information
>> in RDF form
>> >is highly repurposable and easy to merge (serializations
>> >notwithstanding). I haven't seen much by way of acknowledgement
>> >that  RDF is a pension plan for your information, and surely it
>> wouldn't hurt
>> >any to get this message across some more.
>>
>> #g:
>>
>> I agree strongly with almost everything you say here.  Except
>> that   intelligent use of the XML serialization means that the
>> front-loaded  costs can be practically zero as an increment on
>> using XML.  Design your XML
>> application format to be RDF compatible.  Later, when the
>> tools are widely
>> available to handle this as pure RDF data, a return on almost
>> no investment
>> can be realized.

AP> I think the costs are nowhere near zero, though they have dropped
AP> considerably in the last year.

AP> Nonetheless, other wgs, specifically WS ones, don't seem all that
AP> interested in RDF as base material, unless things have changed in
AP> the last few months. It's astonishing to me that WSDL may get out
AP> the door and not be written in an RDFXML.

AP> I've been hearing about the toolsets for a while. Danbri has
AP> suggested in the past the RDF dev community aren't closers of a
AP> sort. I challenged it then and still find it an anomaly difficult
AP> to credit; it's looking for answers in the wrong place. This is a
AP> classic bootstrapping problem; to break the cycle simplify the XML.

AP> Syntactically, things still are not user friendly enough and I put
AP> that down almost solely to the scope of the charter, not the
AP> members of the wg, nor how RDF core goes about its business.

AP> I humbly suggest that if a XML syntax is developed, a simple not a
AP> clever one, you'll see the tools and people modelling RDF because
AP> they have the tools, within six months of that syntax being
AP> uploaded. Clear this barrier to adoption and the only thing that
AP> can hold back RDF then are the innate complexity of RDF graphs or
AP> the innate inability of RDF developers to ship One-Oh code, neither
AP> of which I suggest are the barriers purported. Otherwise short of a
AP> killer app, RDF will remain a fringe or sleeper technology while
AP> the world carries on with the likes of WSDL, XMLSchema, XMI or the
AP> Model Driven Architecture.

AP> Bill de hÓra


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Received on Friday, 24 May 2002 05:42:12 GMT

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