Re: Phrase markup (was Re: Aural Cascading Style Sheets)

Nick Arnett (
Fri, 10 Jan 1997 11:13:17 -0800

Message-Id: <>
Date: Fri, 10 Jan 1997 11:13:17 -0800
To: Chris Lilley <>,
From: Nick Arnett <>
Subject: Re: Phrase markup (was Re: Aural Cascading Style Sheets)

At 07:07 PM 1/10/97 +0100, Chris Lilley wrote:

>Yes, it is worth stressing that language is a much more important
>tag or attribute when using speech synthesis. It is easy to tell
>que j'ecrire en Fran=E7ais pour un peu, and then switch to back to
>English. A speech synth would get very confused without explicit markup.

That's not really a good assumption.  Morphological analyzers have very
little trouble identifying languages.  It's a lot easier to toss the text
against something that'll automatically recognize it than to expect writers
and editors to insert such tags.

A standard set of tags is a good idea, but one shouldn't assume that a lot
of this can't be automated and reviewed by humans.


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