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Re: Comments on the WOFF 2.0 Working Draft 9 October 2015

From: Frédéric WANG <fred.wang@free.fr>
Date: Mon, 02 Nov 2015 23:33:57 +0100
Message-ID: <5637E4D5.7070902@free.fr>
To: www-font@w3.org
Thank you for your reply and for updating the draft. I actually had
found one more typo:
> Fo more details on table order constraints see subclause 5.5.

This should be "For"

Le 02/11/2015 23:18, Levantovsky, Vladimir a écrit :
>
> Dear Frédéric,
>
>  
>
> Thank you very much for taking the time to review the WOFF2 spec and
> providing your comments, please see the disposition notes inline. The
> most recent version of the Editor’s Draft WOFF2 specification is
> available at http://dev.w3.org/webfonts/WOFF2/spec/
> <http://dev.w3.org/webfonts/WOFF2/spec/> and the implemented changes
> are at
> http://dev.w3.org/cvsweb/webfonts/WOFF2/spec/Overview.html.diff?r1=1.69;r2=1.70;f=h
>
>  
>
> With kind regards,
>
> Vladimir
>
>  
>
>  
>
> *From:*Frédéric WANG [mailto:fred.wang@free.fr]
> *Sent:* Sunday, October 18, 2015 4:20 PM
> *To:* www-font@w3.org
> *Subject:* Comments on the WOFF 2.0 Working Draft 9 October 2015
>
>  
>
> Dear WebFonts Working Group,
>
> Please find below my personal comments after a first reading of the
> WOFF 2.0 specification (without any attempts to implement it). I hope
> they will be helpful.
>
> Cheers,
>
> Frédéric Wang
>
>
> The input font file may contain a number of various font data tables
> described in the clause 5 of the [OFF] specification.
>
> Could you please update the reference link to use edition 3 of the
> Open Font Format specification now that it is released? Especially
> since the new MATH table is mentioned in the "Known Table Tags".
>
> [VL] Accepted, the link was updated to point to the 2015 (3^rd
> edition) of the ISO document.
>
>  
>
> File header with basic font type and version, along with offsets to
> metadata and private data blocks.
> An optional block of extended metadata, represented in XML format and
> compressed for storage in the WOFF2 file. 
>
> There are new lines after "private" and after "compressed". I'm not
> sure whether it's on purpose.
>
> [VL] Edited to remove them.
>
>  
>
> The pseudo-code describing how to read the 255UInt16 format is
> presented below:
>
> I think it should be mentioned that this is "C-like" pseudo-code to
> make clear that bitwise operators <<, & are used.
>
> [VL] Accepted
>
>
> In general maybe it should probably be said somewhere in the
> introduction that the "0x..." notations used everywhere in this
> specification correspond to hexadecimal values.
>
> [VL] Accepted
>
>  
>
> An encoder should choose shorter encodings, and must be consistent in
> choice of encoding for the same value, as this will tend to compress
> better.
>
> I have the impression that the specification should explicitly provide
> a way to get a shortest encoding. For example some pseudo code
> describing the following transformation:
>
> 0 ≤ value < lowestUCode ---> [value on 1 byte]
>
> lowestUCode ≤ value < 2*lowestUCode ---> [oneMoreByteCode1][value -
> lowestUCode on 1 byte]
>
> 2*lowestUCode ≤ value < 2*lowestUCode + 256 --->
> [oneMoreByteCode2][value - 2*lowestUCode on one byte]
>
> value ≥ 2*lowestUCode + 256 ---> [wordCode][value on 2 bytes]
>
> Actually, this is probably insignificant but I wonder why
> [oneMoreByteCode2][code] is not interpreted as lowestUCode + 256 +
> code so that code1 & code2 encodings won't overlap. Does the encoding
> proposed in the spec tend to compress better?
>
> [VL] Deferred for WG discussion
>
>  
>
> Thus, a decoding procedure for a UIntBase128 is: start with value = 0.
> Consume a byte, setting value = old value times 128 + (byte
> bitwise-and 127). Repeat last step until the most significant bit of
> byte is false.
>
> I personally feel that this paragraph would be better presented with
> pseudo-code.
>
> An encoder must not allow this to happen and must produce shortest
> possible encoding.
>
> Here too I believe there should be some simple pseudo-code to explain
> the canonical & optimal way to write the 32bits of the integer on at
> most five 7-bit blocks (even if that's obvious once you think about it).
>
> [VL] Deferred for WG discussion
>
>  
>
> The interpretation of the WOFF2 Header is the same as the WOFF Header
> in [WOFF1].
>
> Maybe it should be highlighted that the only new field with respect to
> WOFF version 1 is totalCompressedSize?
>
> [VL] Accepted
>
>  
>
> The font directory section consist of
>
> consists
>
> [VL] Fixed, thank you
>
>  
>
> Whether a table tag is encoded with a known table tag or explicitly
> including the four-byte tag has no semantic significance; it is simply
> a choice of encoding intended to improve compression efficiency.
>
>     The known table flag values should not be relied upon in
>     determining the presence of the transformed tables, it is feasible
>     that e.g. the glyf table can be represented in the table directory
>     with either flag = 10 and no tag, or with flag = 63 and 'glyf' tag
>     that follows.
>
> I wonder why the encoder is not forced to use the known flag when it
> is available for a table? Of course the size gain is negligible and
> the table directory is not compressed anyway, but that would be
> consistent with other places of the spec where it tries to get the
> optimal encoding when possible.
>
> [VL] Deferred for WG discussion
>
>  
>
> if the table is transformed, then the version number of the applied
> transform is defined by the two most significatn flag bits
>
> significant
>
> [VL] Fixed, thank you
>
>  
>
> The decompressed and reconstructed table data MUST be stored in the
> format specified by the [OFF] specification. Each reconstructed table
> directory entry MUST contain a valid 'checkSum' value, the decoder
> MUST recalculate the checkSum value for each decoded table. Also, due
> to modifying transforms applied to glyf and loca tables, the decoder
> MUST recalculate the checkSumAdjustmentglyf value of the entire font
> and MUST store the updated value in the head table.
>
> "checkSumAdjustmentglyf" should be "checkSumAdjustment", I guess.
>
> [VL] Fixed, thank you
>
>
> I find that this paragraph is a bit confusing. It seems to suggest
> that only the checkSumAdjustment may change and that it is only 'due
> to modifying transforms applied to glyf and loca tables'. At the same
> time it seems to ask the decoders to recalculate all the checksums
> without any verification for possible unchanged checksums.
>
> My understanding is that only transformed tables that can not be
> reconstructed identically to the original will have the checksum
> invalidated (i.e. 'glyf' and 'loca' but not 'hmtx' or other tables).
> And that in general the overall checkSumAdjustment will be
> invalidated. Is that correct?
>
> [VL] Yes, this is correct.
>
>
> The possible binary changes are better explained in the "The WOFF 2.0
> transformations applied to certain tables...." paragraph below that
> one, maybe this section should be reordered a bit or this
> decoder+checksum paragraph should point to the paragraph below?
>
> Why isn't the decoder asked to verify the checksum that are guaranteed
> to be preserved and to just recalculate everything? Is it a
> requirement of the OFF specification when bit 11 of the 'flags' field
> of the head is set?
>
> [VL] Deferred for WG discussion
>
> The total number of bytes in bboxBitmap is equal to 4 * ((numGlyphs +
> 31) / 32).
>
> Again, C integer-division is implicit here. I would suggest writing "4
> * ⌊ (numGlyphs + 31) / 32 ⌋" or even better if you want to enhance
> rendering in some web engines and assistive technologies:
>
> <math><semantics><mrow><mn>4</mn><mrow><mo>⌊</mo><mfrac><mrow><mtext>numGlyphs</mtext><mo>+</mo><mn>31</mn></mrow><mn>32</mn></mfrac><mo>⌋</mo></mrow></mrow><annotation
> encoding="text/plain">4 * ⌊ (numGlyphs + 31) / 32
> ⌋</annotation></semantics></math>
>
> 4⌊numGlyphs+3132⌋4 * ⌊ (numGlyphs + 31) / 32 ⌋
>
> [VL] I modified the notation to reflect the nature of implicit integer
> division.
>
> Upon reading the Transformed glyf Table , the decoding process
> iterates one glyph at a time. For each glyph, it reads zero or more
> bytes from each of the streams referenced in the Transformed glyf Table .
>
> There are extra spaces before the comma and the period.
>
> [VL] Fixed, thank you
>
>  
>
> FLAG_MORE_COMPONENTS bit (1 << 5), FLAG_WE_HAVE_INSTRUCTIONS bit (1 << 8)
>
> Note that the Open Font Format (and TTF and OpenType) specifications
> use MORE_COMPONENTS and WE_HAVE_INSTRUCTIONS (without the FLAG_
> prefix). Again, C bit shifting operator is used without prior mention.
> As a comparison, the font specifications use "bit 0", "bit 1" etc
>
> [VL] Fixed, thank you
>
>  
>
> If the hmtx table transform is both applicable and desired, the
> encoder MUST check that leftSideBearing values match the xMin values
> of the glyph bounding box for every glyph in a font file and, if the
> conditions are met for each of the proportional or monospaced glyph
> runs the encoder MUST set hmtx transform version number to "1", MUST
> eliminate the corresponding array from the hmtx table and MUST set the
> appropriate Flags bits.
>
> I guess "leftSideBearing" must be understood as lsb[] and/or
> leftsideBearing[] ; and that "desired" means "desired by the encoder".
>
> [VL] lsb[] and leftSideBearing[] here are the references to
> identically named arrays of the hmtx table
> (http://www.microsoft.com/typography/otspec/hmtx.htm). Desirability of
> transform will most likely be determined by the outside context, e.g.
> one may want to apply all applicable transforms when encoding a full
> font file but skip the transforms and improve performance if a small
> font subset is encoded as WOFF2 and optimizing already reduced tables
> doesn’t make much difference in terms of compression efficiency.
>
>  
>
>  
>



Received on Monday, 2 November 2015 22:34:35 UTC

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