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Re: Patterns for NamedNodeMap implementation (was Hi)

From: Curt Arnold <carnold@houston.rr.com>
Date: Wed, 17 Oct 2001 02:25:28 -0500
Message-ID: <002601c156dc$e583f9b0$7600a8c0@CurtMicron>
To: "anu sha" <anusha_2002gva@yahoo.com>
Cc: <www-dom@w3.org>
There are several open-source implementations (Xerces-C, Xerces-J, Crimson,
Mozilla, DOM4J, libxml, etc) that you can examine for implementation
patterns, asking the list for an narrative when you can see through running
code from several independent (but conforming) implementations seems to be a
poor use of time.

In Xerces-C's implementation
(http://cvs.apache.org/viewcvs.cgi/xml-xerces/c/src/dom/NamedNodeMapImpl.cpp
)
, a linked list of attributes was walked to implement getAttributeNS et al.
Since the number of attributes on an element are typically small, an more
complicated algorithm could be slower than just a simple walk through the
elements.

http://cvs.apache.org/viewcvs.cgi/xml-xerces/java/src/org/apache/xerces/dom/
NamedNodeMapImpl.java appears to be similar.

Crimson also appears to use a simple linear search
http://cvs.apache.org/viewcvs.cgi/xml-crimson/src/org/apache/crimson/tree/At
tributeSet.java

DOM4J also uses a linear search (attribute method around line 315)
http://cvs.sourceforge.net/cgi-bin/viewcvs.cgi/dom4j/dom4j/src/java/org/dom4
j/dom/DOMElement.java

It seems like most implementators thought that using a hash map algorithm is
overkill for attribute lists.

>  So,please tell me,according to DOM specification what
>  should be the key of NamedNodeMap?Is it
>  qualifiedName(two-part name containing prefix and
>   localName) or two-part name
>   containing localName and namespaceURI?

The DOM specification doesn't tell you how you have to implement it, not
what the results have to be.  Per the previous patterns, you can definitely
implement NamedNodeMap without using something like an std::map.  However,
if you were going to use std::map's and were trying to achieve the
prescribed behavior, your NamedNodeMap would have to have two independent
maps, one keyed by the "full" name and one keyed by {namespaceURI,
local-name}.  If you were trying to use an existing map class that used a
string key, you could create a concatentate the namespaceURI, a space (which
is not legal in a URI or a local-name), and the local name.  If the
namespaceURI was null, you could just use the local name as a key.

However, given the relative small size of most attribute lists, the cost of
maintaining two distinct hash-maps is probably not justified.

You seem intent on writing your own DOM implementation, though you haven't
explained your motivation.  Since there are several implementations that
have very generous licensing terms, it would seem that you could take one of
those and then apply any performance tweaks you need for your specific
application.  At least, you should have a fairly good understanding of the
existing public implementations (and their performance characteristics)
before you start.
Received on Wednesday, 17 October 2001 03:27:24 GMT

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