W3C home > Mailing lists > Public > w3c-wai-ig@w3.org > April to June 2012

Re: [free-aria] Important differences between ARIA dialog, alertdialog, and role=presentation support

From: James Nurthen <james@nurthen.com>
Date: Thu, 31 May 2012 12:19:08 -0700
Message-ID: <CAOEMLYytCWjKj3=6s+xhPRYBWD3EE7XEWsYTv8sK5iDq9zOOhg@mail.gmail.com>
To: free-aria@googlegroups.com
Cc: w3c-wai-ig@w3.org, WebAIM Discussion List <webaim-forum@list.webaim.org>
Bryan,
I have raised ISSUE-522 against the spec to clarify that role=presentation
does not act to rope of content from the accessibility APIs.
Regards,
James

On Thu, May 31, 2012 at 11:15 AM, Bryan Garaventa <
bryan.garaventa@whatsock.com> wrote:

> That sounds good to me as well. If we can reach a consensus about how to
> implement descriptive overrides for occasions that need it, this will help
> everyone.
>
> This is why I suggested the use of role=presentation as a way of roping
> off content that is unsuitable to be included in such an automated
> description. I know the arguments about the purpose of role=presentation,
> but they too aren't clearly defined.
>
> One problem I see with trying to automatically compensate for what
> developers fail to do properly, is that it will encourage lazy coding in
> the future.
>
> So if others have suggestions for a solution to this, please speak up.
>
>
> ----- Original Message ----- From: "James Teh" <jamie@nvaccess.org>
> To: <free-aria@googlegroups.com>
> Sent: Thursday, May 31, 2012 12:27 AM
>
> Subject: Re: [free-aria] Important differences between ARIA dialog,
> alertdialog, and role=presentation support
>
>
>  On 31/05/2012 3:21 PM, Bryan Garaventa wrote:
>>
>>> What concerns me, is that NVDA has implemented an HTML markup
>>> requirement for ARIA support that is not documented in the spec for user
>>> agents.
>>>
>> Sure. I do recognise and understand your concern. The work around I
>> suggested is clearly very ugly. However:
>>
>>  By trying to automatically correct the mistakes of developers who should
>>> know better, we are inadvertently deviating from the spec itself, and
>>> breaking the functionality of ARIA standard compliant widgets.
>>>
>> The fundamental problem for us is that an ARIA dialog is no different to
>> any other dialog, and for all dialogs, we derive text if it is not
>> explicitly supplied. As I said, if consensus is that this behaviour is
>> incorrect, we can try to implement an exception specifically for ARIA, but
>> this starts to suggest that ARIA widgets should be treated differently from
>> native widgets, which smells ugly to me. We'll have to implement this
>> exception separately for each browser as well.
>>
>> All of this said, the cards are all on the table now. I am keen to hear
>> others' opinions so we can work towards an acceptable solution.
>>
>> Jamie
>>
>> --
>> James Teh
>> Director, NV Access Limited
>> Email: jamie@nvaccess.org
>> Web site: http://www.nvaccess.org/
>> Phone: +61 7 5667 8372
>>
>>
>>
> ----- Original Message ----- From: "Bryan Garaventa"
> To: <free-aria@googlegroups.com>
> Sent: Wednesday, May 30, 2012 10:21 PM
>
> Subject: Re: [free-aria] Important differences between ARIA dialog,
> alertdialog, and role=presentation support
>
>
>  I'm not questioning the complexity or your workmanship. I think you guys
>> are awesome.
>>
>> What concerns me, is that NVDA has implemented an HTML markup requirement
>> for ARIA support that is not documented in the spec for user agents.
>>
>> I understand that the name (label) is announced before the description.
>> The point is, that without resorting to an HTML hack that only works in
>> NVDA, developers cannot stop NVDA from automatically announcing a
>> description.
>>
>> You are correct that many dialogs have text. However this is easily dealt
>> with using ARIA by voluntarily adding the aria-describedby attribute to the
>> dialog like so.
>>
>> <div role="dialog" aria-describedby="myDesc" >
>> <div id="myDesc">
>> Dialog description...
>> </div>
>> ... Form ...
>> </div>
>>
>> The ARIA standards exist for this reason, to advise developers how to
>> properly implement these controls. If a developer is ARIA savvy enough to
>> add role=dialog to their control, we have to assume they are smart enough
>> to know and read from the spec that supporting text should also be
>> referenced in this manner.
>>
>> By trying to automatically correct the mistakes of developers who should
>> know better, we are inadvertently deviating from the spec itself, and
>> breaking the functionality of ARIA standard compliant widgets.
>>
>> For example, both of the samples I attached to the bug are perfectly HTML
>> and ARIA standard compliant, but they don't work properly. They work fine
>> for keyboard only users, just not for screen reader users, because of this
>> issue.
>>
>> I guess the best way to explain this is to recall the browser wars of
>> yore, where we had one hack for IE, one hack for Opera, one hack for
>> Safari, one hack for Firefox, and in the darkness bound them, in the land
>> of Mordor where the shadows lie...
>>
>> You see what I mean? If NVDA requires an HTML hack that is not supported
>> anywhere else because it's not documented in the user agent specification,
>> we're perpetuating the same problem for screen reader support in the future
>> by introducing inconsistent accessibility.
>>
>>
>> ----- Original Message ----- From: "James Teh" <jamie@nvaccess.org>
>> To: <free-aria@googlegroups.com>
>> Sent: Wednesday, May 30, 2012 4:38 PM
>> Subject: Re: [free-aria] Important differences between ARIA dialog,
>> alertdialog, and role=presentation support
>>
>>
>>  Hi.
>>>
>>> Just a few clarifications:
>>>
>>> On 31/05/2012 9:13 AM, Bryan Garaventa wrote:
>>>
>>>> If neither of the explicit label attributes are included, then the
>>>> label is derived from the text of the dialog itself.
>>>>
>>> NVDA itself only ever uses the label as provided by the browser.
>>>
>>>  From what I understand, the role of alertdialog is similar to dialog,
>>>> except that the content of an alertdialog is parsed and announced
>>>> automatically.
>>>>
>>> It's announced automatically as the description, not the label. This is
>>> an important distinction. The description does not override the label. The
>>> label is announced before the role. The description is announced afterwards.
>>>
>>>  So the current stance from NVDA, is that dialog and alertdialog are
>>>> handled as the same widget type, and that all content within a widget of
>>>> role=dialog is announced
>>>>
>>> All content isn't announced. However, if aria-describedby isn't present,
>>> we do use an algorithm which attempts to determine the "text" of the
>>> dialog. This algorithm isn't perfect (and never will be), but we aim to
>>> filter out content which wouldn't normally be considered part of the dialog
>>> text/message. This is exactly what we do for native dialogs.
>>>
>>> My argument here is that everywhere else, dialogs are considered to
>>> potentially have text. The alertdialog case is obvious, but there are
>>> dialogs that ARIA wouldn't call alertdialogs that also have text. For
>>> example, consider a properties dialog which shows information that is not
>>> interactive. This information should be part of the dialog text (which
>>> means it will be announced to screen reader users automatically when the
>>> dialog opens). Thus, we treat an ARIA dialog the same as any native dialog
>>> and try to determine text if there is no explicit description. To NVDA, an
>>> ARIA dialog is no different to any other dialog (nor should it be). We can
>>> implement an ARIA specific hack to differentiate, but this seems contrary
>>> to the goal of ARIA widgets behaving the same as any native widget.
>>>
>>> Jamie
>>>
>>> --
>>> James Teh
>>> Director, NV Access Limited
>>> Email: jamie@nvaccess.org
>>> Web site: http://www.nvaccess.org/
>>> Phone: +61 7 5667 8372
>>>
>>>
>>>
> --
> You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups
> "Free ARIA Community" group.
> To post to this group, send email to free-aria@googlegroups.com.
> To unsubscribe from this group, send email to free-aria+unsubscribe@**
> googlegroups.com <free-aria%2Bunsubscribe@googlegroups.com>.
> For more options, visit this group at http://groups.google.com/**
> group/free-aria?hl=en <http://groups.google.com/group/free-aria?hl=en>.
>
>
Received on Thursday, 31 May 2012 19:19:59 GMT

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.2.0+W3C-0.50 : Thursday, 31 May 2012 19:19:59 GMT