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RE: More than one h1 tag

From: Jon Gunderson <jongund@illinois.edu>
Date: Mon, 30 Nov 2009 08:41:15 -0600 (CST)
To: "WAI Interest Group list" <w3c-wai-ig@w3.org>
Message-Id: <20091130084115.BZM62616@expms1.cites.uiuc.edu>
The use of the title and h1 element for titling a web page is a well known best practice for accessibility.  I am interested in knowing of situations where more than one h1 would be considered a best practice for accessibility?

iCITA HTML Best Practices Rules for Titling a web page:

NOTE: Up to two H1 elements are allowed as long as they follow the rules.  One H1 could be used for web site information and the other for sub page information.  The sub page information though is the most important use of the H1 element.

And conformance tools to evaluate implementation of other best practices:

Illinois Functional Accessibility Evaluator

Firefox Accessibility Extension:


---- Original message ----
>Date: Mon, 30 Nov 2009 13:33:33 +0100
>From: "Harry Loots" <harry.loots@ieee.org>  
>Subject: RE: More than one h1 tag  
>To: Andrew Kirkpatrick <akirkpat@adobe.com>, WAI Interest Group list <w3c-wai-ig@w3.org>
>I'm in agreement with AWK - the specs do not forbid the use of multiple <H1>s.
>However, in practice it will make sense to only use one <H1> per page - this
>should describe the primary subject of the page - in the same way as a printed
>or Word-processed document would only have one top-level heading, normally the
>title of the document. 
>For what it's worth: I use <H2> to describe the page (including primary /
>secondary navigation / main content area title); and <H3> as the paragraph or
>section headings. Headings, properly nested, helps provide context to
>speechreader users and allow them to quickly navigate around the page, jumping
>to different zones on the page, or jumping from one <H2> to the next <H2>, etc. 
>Now just to make sure that none of this discussion relains relevant, we'll see
>a brand new structure in XHTML 2/ HTML 5 when the H element will assume the
>characteristics of H1 or other Hn element based on it's position in the
>hierarchy of the document. 
>Kind regards
>Mob: +44 7826 926 994
>---------- Original Message -----------
>From: Andrew Kirkpatrick <akirkpat@adobe.com>
>To: WAI Interest Group list <w3c-wai-ig@w3.org>
>Sent: Sun, 29 Nov 2009 16:48:36 -0800
>Subject: RE: More than one h1 tag
>> I'd disagree with that statement - http://www.w3.org/TR/2008/NOTE-
>> WCAG20-TECHS-20081211/G141.html indicates that authors _should_ 
>> follow the structure you indicate, but nothing that says that they 
>> _must_.  "Should" indicates that it is generally regarded as 
>> important, but if you are evaluating a site for WCAG 2.0 there is 
>> nothing in the recommendation that says that a page with three H1's 
>> would fail, provided that the page structure corresponds to that.
>> Thanks,
>> AWK
>> Andrew Kirkpatrick
>> Senior Product Manager, Accessibility
>> Adobe Systems
>> akirkpat@adobe.com<mailto:akirkpatrick@adobe.com>
>> From: w3c-wai-ig-request@w3.org [mailto:w3c-wai-ig-request@w3.org] 
>> On Behalf Of Andy Laws Sent: Friday, November 27, 2009 11:22 AM To: 
>> WAI Interest Group list Subject: More than one h1 tag
>> Dear All
>> in the event of a page having more than 1 h1 tag can i confirm that 
>> this breaks guidling  1.3.1 of WCAG 2.0 as this not a meaningful sequence
>> Reagrds
>> Andy
>> --
>> Andrew Laws Bsc(Hons) MBCS, FBCS
>> Web-Sites:
>> www.opelnet.co.uk<http://www.opelnet.co.uk>
>> www.cubiks.com<http://www.cubiks.com>
>> www.holidayhypermarket.co.uk<http://www.holidayhypermarket.co.uk>
>> e-mail: adlaws@gmail.com<mailto:adlaws@gmail.com>
>> Telephone:: +44 (0) 7828822987
>------- End of Original Message -------
Jon Gunderson, Ph.D.
Coordinator Information Technology Accessibility
Disability Resources and Educational Services

Rehabilitation Education Center
Room 86
1207 S. Oak Street
Champaign, Illinois 61820

Voice: (217) 244-5870

WWW: http://www.cita.illinois.edu/
WWW: https://netfiles.uiuc.edu/jongund/www/

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Received on Monday, 30 November 2009 14:41:43 UTC

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