W3C home > Mailing lists > Public > w3c-wai-ig@w3.org > July to September 1998

Re: WAI and govt contracts

From: Eileen Bonfiglio <pinesnet@putergirl.com>
Date: Tue, 22 Sep 1998 13:51:07 -0400
Message-ID: <00f601bde651$9629c060$dff2e3c7@inter>
To: "Robert Neff" <rcn@fenix2.dol-esa.gov>, <w3c-wai-ig@w3.org>
Cc: "'Al Gilman'" <asgilman@access.digex.net>
Perhaps, large Gov't agencies will suffer these maladies, you are correct.
Maybe, it is time for the local Gov't agencies to step up to the plate and
lead the way.  I am an Internet Specialist/Program Manager/WebMaster (and a
few other titles yet to be discovered I am sure) for a growing City in
Florida and that is what I have done.  We contracted our site to be built
for us in the interest of time, our contract scope/statement of work reads
something like this:

3.9.3. Images and Image Maps All images and image maps have alternative text. Graphics that present important information (especially charts,
tables, and diagrams) have an associated longer description of the graphic
(i.e., via a description link or the "longdesc" attribute) Furthermore,
authors have included internal text in images for formats that support it. All image maps are accessible and keyboard navigable.  Furthermore:
For each client-side image map, each of the map's links has an associated
description.   For each server-side image map, lists of the map’s links are
provided as text links (on the same page, on an alternative page that is
accessible, or within the body of the OBJECT element). Images used as links have descriptive link titles.

3.9.4. Applets & Scripts Alternative presentations (text files, etc.) of content are
provided for applets and scripts that convey information. Alternative mechanisms are provided for applets and scripts that
perform an important function (other than the presentation of information). All Applets that require user interaction that cannot be duplicated
in an alternative format are to be directly accessible. The user can freeze any moving or blinking text. Applets have alternative text ("alt" on APPLET, "title" on OBJECT).

3.9.5. Audio & Video All audio information has an associated transcript. All video information has an associated audio description. All video information has an associated transcript. Transcripts and audio descriptions are synchronized with
audio/video information, either directly or via a synchronization file. Sounds that play automatically have a visual notification that the
sound is playing.

3.9.6. Tables Table cells are explicitly associated with row and column labels. Lengthy row and column labels are abbreviated. Tables used to arrange text documents in columns shall have a
summary (as all tables will) describing contents. For more complex tables, information is grouped into categories. Table summaries are available, nested in the <table> tag. Phone number (xxx) xxx-xxx and/or e-mail address (webmaster@ my
city) will be provided if tables can not be made accessible.

3.9.7.  Links Link text makes sense when read out of context, but is not too
verbose. Lists of links have non-link, printable characters (surrounded by
spaces) between them.

3.9.8.  Frames Each frame document (the FRAMESET element) has a non-frame
alternative (e.g., the NOFRAME element) An image does not appear directly in a frame but is part of a
document included in a frame. All frames have titles. Links to descriptions of the purpose and layout of frames are
3.9.9. User Input Forms Image maps are not used to create graphical "submit" buttons. Each label is associated with its form control. Images used as "submit" buttons have alternative text. An alternative phone number, fax number, e-mail address, or postal
mail address is provided for submitting information. Form elements have keyboard shortcuts (with the "accesskey"
attribute). Menu options are grouped (with the OPTGROUP element). Groups of controls are labeled (with the LEGEND element). Related controls are grouped (with the FIELDSET element). A logical tab order is specified (with the "tabindex" attribute).

3.9.10. Site shall have a consistent “look and feel” and be representative
of the City of <snip>.
3.9.11. Site shall be non-browser specific.
3.9.12. Site shall also comply with HTML 4.0 Specification, W3C
Recommendation, revised on 24-Apr-1998 and be able to attain approval from
CAST for accessibility.
3.9.13. Do not use non-html technologies to display text unless an
accessible version of the page(s) is provided as well. (I.e. PDF).
3.9.14. If "OBJECT" is used to embed any components, provide description
within the "title" of the element, since "OBJECT" does not have "alt."
3.9.15. Avoid blinking or updating of the screen, which can cause flicker
between 4 and 59 hertz.
3.9.16. Ensure that pages using newer technology will fail gracefully if the
technology is not supported or is turned off. This includes frames, scripts,
style sheets and applets, and other new or proprietary features. Make
information redundant as necessary.
3.9.17. Provide a site map in plain text as well as HTML format.
3.9.18. Style sheets should be used to control layout and presentation
wherever possible, however, tables are permitted providing requirement
3.9.6. is met.
3.9.19. Accommodate older browsers with information and instructions on how
to upgrade the browser in both plain text and HTML clear format.
3.9.20. Browser detection scripting tools shall be used on all scripted

<snip> You get the idea.  The contractors are now embroiled in a learning
process I don't think they would have embarked upon otherwise. I know this
is small, but - we have to start somewhere.

Happy to take a bite :))


-----Original Message-----
From: Robert Neff <rcn@fenix2.dol-esa.gov>
To: 'w3c-wai-ig@w3.org' <w3c-wai-ig@w3.org>
Cc: 'Al Gilman' <asgilman@access.digex.net>
Date: Wednesday, September 02, 1998 2:09 PM
Subject: RE: WAI and govt contracts

>>From Chris Hasser
>A final note:  I.M.H.O., your comment about contracting officers was not
>quite complete.  When a contracting officer writes a statement of work,
>technical details are often supplied by someone more closely involved in
>area in question.
>Rob>  True, and the procurement office will ask for the standards and
>references.  Could the WAI come up with a policy and reference list.  I
>know, lets ask Al Gilman! Al, what do you think?
>So efforts to educate government technology officers
>would not be in vain.  You might consider targeting the chief information
>officer for each cabinet department for a letter from the WAI.
>Rob>  Good idea, but most CIOs do not have much authority.  The position is
>still a paper tiger when it comes to agency policy and standards.  Whether
>or not this changes, it is still a good idea to send a letter from the WAI.
> It is a start or a foot in the door. This should also be sent to the
>Procurements and Contracts Office for each Agency.  How do we make this an
>action item?  If the Feds require this on a soliticitaion, the IT
>Contractors will respond and perform to the Statement of Work.
>Rob>  Chris, please keep us posted on the conference in October.

Received on Tuesday, 22 September 1998 13:52:10 UTC

This archive was generated by hypermail 2.3.1 : Tuesday, 13 October 2015 16:21:02 UTC