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Re: H1 elements should be used for titling the web site and sub page information of a HTML/xhthml based web resource

From: Loretta Guarino Reid <lorettaguarino@google.com>
Date: Wed, 13 Jul 2011 11:03:02 -0700
Message-ID: <CAHu5OWaHpbvRT7XkDRmb2NX_iFbBjT33u887kOEuCTw7fhiw7w@mail.gmail.com>
To: "Gunderson, Jon R" <jongund@illinois.edu>
Cc: WCAG <w3c-wai-gl@w3.org>
On Thu, Mar 3, 2011 at 8:45 AM, Gunderson, Jon R <jongund@illinois.edu> wrot

> ** **
>
> ** **
>
> Submitter's Name: Jon Gunderson
> Submitter's Email: jongund@illinois.edu
>
> Technique ID: UNKNOWN
> Short Name: H1 elements should be used for titling the web site and sub
> page information of a HTML/xhthml based web resource
> Technique Category: HTML and XHTML Techniques
> Success Criterion Reference: UNKNOWN
>
> Applicability:
> Everywhere
>
> UA Issues:
> None
>
> Description:
> For: Success Criteria 2.4.2 Page Titled: Web pages have titles that
> describe topic or purpose. (Level A)
>
> Related to Technique G88: Providing descriptive titles for Web pages
> http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/NOTE-WCAG20-TECHS-20101014/G88
>
> The use of H1 as part of a page titling solution is deemed important by a
> Webaim study:
> http://webaim.org/projects/screenreadersurvey3/#headings
>
> Here is a best practices use case with wide implementation:
> http://html.cita.illinois.edu/nav/title/title-rules.php
>
> Here is OpenAjax Accessibility rules that have been developed to test for
> the the use of H1 in titling:
> http://www.oaa-accessibility.org/rules/html/29/
>
>
>
>
> Example 1 Head: AHS Website
> Example 1 Description:
> http://www.ahs.illinois.edu/
>
> Example 2 Head: OAA Support Website
> Example 2 Description:
> http://www.oaa-accessibility.org/
>
> Resource 1 Title: WebAIM Survey results
> Resource 1 URI: http://webaim.org/projects/screenreadersurvey3/#headings
>
> Resource 2 Title: Web Accessibility Best Practices
> Resource 2 URI: http://html.cita.illinois.edu/nav/title/title-rules.php
>
> Related Techniques:
> G88
>
> Test Procedure:
> Here are OAA rules that support testing:
> http://www.oaa-accessibility.org/rules/html/29/
>
> Expected Result:
> See OAA test results
>
> Test File 1:
> <html>
> <head>
> <title>Website Title: Sub Page Title</title>
> </head>
> <body>
> <h1>Website Title</h1>
> <h2>Sub Page Title</h1>
> </body>
> </html>
>
> Test File 1 Pass/Fail: pass
>
> Test File 2:
> <html>
> <head>
> <title>Website Title: Sub Page Title</title>
> </head>
> <body>
> </body>
> </html>
>
> Test File 2 Pass/Fail: fail
>
 ================================
 Response from the Working Group
================================

Thank you for submitting this technique. The working group has reviewed it
and has the following feedback:

   1. We do not feel this is a sufficient technique for SC 2.4.2. In the
   absence of the <title> element, this would not satisfy the success
   criterion. So at most it would be an advisory technique for SC 2.4.2. It
   might also be considered an advisory technique for SC 2.4.10.
   2. This technique itself contains no content, only references to other
   resources on the web. The details of the technique need to be included
   inline, so that the technique stands on its own. Links to other resources
   can supplement the technique but cannot define it.
   3. We feel that many of the recommendations in the referenced sources are
   over-restrictive. Whether we would include them in a WCAG advisory technique
   would depend on exactly how the requirements of the technique were defined.

If you would like to revise the technique to address these issues, we would
be happy to reconsider it.

Loretta Guarino Reid, WCAG WG Co-Chair
Gregg Vanderheiden, WCAG WG Co-Chair
Michael Cooper, WCAG WG Staff Contact


On behalf of the WCAG Working Group
Received on Wednesday, 13 July 2011 18:03:37 GMT

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