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RE: F68 forbids WAI ARIA to replace label element

From: David MacDonald <david100@sympatico.ca>
Date: Thu, 30 Jun 2011 05:06:16 -0400
Message-ID: <BLU0-SMTP115150F7085389798777F1FE580@phx.gbl>
To: "'Sailesh Panchang'" <spanchang02@yahoo.com>
CC: "'WCAG'" <w3c-wai-gl@w3.org>
That's a good point Sailesh

The HTML spec says each label element has exactly one corresponding field...... so in those cases, F68 may be OK, but I don't think F68 allows for the freedom that we find in the WAI ARIA language of "wherever possible", because F68 applies to all field elements. There may be times when a standard label element must be used to describe more than one field... I think this is a situation where it is perhaps it is a good choice, and where the label element doesn't work too well. Currently this would fail under F68, no?

David MacDonald

-----Original Message-----
From: w3c-wai-gl-request@w3.org [mailto:w3c-wai-gl-request@w3.org] On Behalf Of Sailesh Panchang
Sent: June-29-11 10:32 PM
Subject: Re: F68 forbids WAI ARIA to replace label element

I think one needs to take a step back and look at the WAI-ARIA  specs. The intro clearly states that one should use standard HTML elements wherever possible because these are natively supported and role, state etc is exposed to browsers and AT. ARIA  is designed to improve the accessibility of dynamic content generated by scripts including custom elements / widgets. It is referred to as a bridging technology by the specs.  HTML works just fine with browsers and AT. Use technology for purpose it is designed and intended and documented.    
I quote, "It is not appropriate to create objects with style and script when the host language provides a semantic element for that type of objects".
So it is indeed a failure if one uses aria-labelledby on a standard HTML INPUT element without using HTML LABEL element. Use ARIA where standard HTML is not designed to work.  
Refer to 1.3 and 1.4 on

Sailesh Panchang

Tel 571-344-1765
--- On Wed, 6/29/11, Chris Beer <chris@codex.net.au> wrote:

From: Chris Beer <chris@codex.net.au>
Subject: Re: F68 forbids WAI ARIA to replace label element
To: "WCAG" <w3c-wai-gl@w3.org>
Date: Wednesday, June 29, 2011, 6:12 PM

Agreed. Furthermore it will need an careful genericising rewrite to account not only for the fact that ARIA labelledby can be applied to more than simply form/input controls, but also to make it HTML5 applicable as well as 4.0x and XHTML.
If no one gets to it, its on my to do list with HTML5 STs, (yeah yeah, I know) but that said, we'll need to look at all the techniques after they move to generalized (X)HTML for ARIA conflicts and impacts.
Chris Beer (iPhone)
On 30/06/2011, at 3:24, David MacDonald <david100@sympatico.ca> wrote:

http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/NOTE-WCAG20-TECHS-20101014/F68  �As we ramp up for the introduction of WAI ARIA, we may need to fix some of our failures. F68 is a binary check that requires a <label> element. If not there is a failure of 4.1.2 �I think we�ll need to allow for wai-aria (labelledby), while acknowledging the preference to native code. �David MacDonaldwww.eramp.com 
Received on Thursday, 30 June 2011 09:07:11 UTC

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