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testing conformance

From: Charles McCathieNevile <charles@w3.org>
Date: Tue, 27 Jun 2000 01:41:09 -0400 (EDT)
To: WAI AU Guidelines <w3c-wai-au@w3.org>
Message-ID: <Pine.LNX.4.20.0006270136480.3627-200000@tux.w3.org>
I have attached my rough notes on testing procedure by checkpoint. I also
include them below.

charles


  Guideline 1. Support accessible authoring practices.
  
    Checkpoints:
    
   1.1 Ensure that the author can produce [1]accessible content in the
          [2]markup language(s) supported by the tool. [Priority 1]
          ([3]Checkpoint 1.1)
          If there is a source editing mode then this can be done -
          alternatively, if all elemments of the markup language can be
          used it is met. If not, check against the W3C Notes access
          features of HTML/CSS/SMIL, or specification for the markup used
          (e.g. PDF, etc)
          
   1.2 Ensure that the tool preserves all [4]accessibility information
          during authoring, [5]transformations, and [6]conversions.
          [Priority 1] ([7]Checkpoint 1.2)
          Take content with as much accessiblity information as possible
          and run it through the possible transformations
          
   1.3 Ensure that when the tool automatically generates markup it
          conforms to the W3C's Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0
          [8][WCAG10]. [Relative Priority] ([9]Checkpoint 1.3)
          I have been testing this by contradiction. It would be nice if
          there were test suites or test tasks available - I believe the
          ER group is working on them. Note that this is a relative
          priority test, so trying to do the things that are outlined in
          the WCAG checklist by priorityt level is helpful - if it fails
          at level A then it has failed at higher levels (although it is
          useful to know more details)
          
   1.4 Ensure that templates provided by the tool conform to the Web
          Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 [10][WCAG10].
          [Relative Priority] ([11]Checkpoint 1.4)
          Manual checking of the templates (assisted by various tools -
          see WAI-ER' list of existing tools, the work by the EO group on
          review, etc).
          
  Guideline 2. Generate standard markup.
  
    Checkpoints:
    
   2.1 Use the latest versions of W3C Recommendations when they are
          available and appropriate for a task. [Priority 2]
          ([12]Checkpoint 2.1)
          Check the W3C Technical Reports page for applicable
          specifications. Typically XHTML, PNG, XML, XML namespaces,
          Including Stylesheets in XML, MathML, CSS...
          
   2.2 Ensure that the tool automatically generates valid markup.
          [Priority 1] ([13]Checkpoint 2.2)
          validate output.
          
   2.3 If markup produced by the tool does not conform to W3C
          specifications, [14]inform the author. [Priority 3]
          ([15]Checkpoint 2.3)
          If the tool can be made to produce markup that is
          non-conformant to a w3c specification, do it and see if it
          informs the author
          
  Guideline 3. Support the creation of accessible content.
  
    Checkpoints:
    
   3.1 [16]Prompt the author to provide [17]equivalent alternative
          information (e.g., [18]captions, [19]auditory descriptions, and
          [20]collated text transcripts for video). [Relative Priority]
          ([21]Checkpoint 3.1)
          Import a document containing images, movies, server-side image
          maps, applets and scripts, and see if there is prompting
          available to point out that some of these are missing
          alternative content. Add the elements and see if there is
          pormpting.
          
   3.2 Help the author create structured content and separate information
          from its presentation. [Relative Priority] ([22]Checkpoint 3.2)
          Is it obvious how to create structured markup or is it a
          natural part of the process, or are you prompted to do it in
          accessibility checks?
          
   3.3 Ensure that prepackaged content conforms to the Web Content
          Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 [23][WCAG10]. [Relative Priority]
          ([24]Checkpoint 3.3)
          Same testing as 1.4.
          
   3.4 Do not automatically generate [25]equivalent alternatives. Do not
          reuse previously authored alternatives without author
          confirmation, except when the function is known with certainty.
          [Priority 1] ([26]Checkpoint 3.4)
          Insert images / movies / etc and inspect the source.
          
   3.5 Provide functionality for managing, editing, and reusing
          [27]alternative equivalents for multimedia objects.
          [Priority 3] ([28]Checkpoint 3.5)
          
  Guideline 4. Provide ways of checking and correcting inaccessible content.
  
   Note: Validation of markup is an essential aspect of checking the
   accessibility of content.
   
    Checkpoints:
    
   4.1 [29]Check for and [30]inform the author of [31]accessibility
          problems. [Relative Priority] ([32]Checkpoint 4.1)
          Is there some form of accessibility check? If so, does it cover
          the WCAG checkllist (to what priority level - this is a
          relative priority).
          
   4.2 Assist authors in correcting [33]accessibility problems.
          [Relative Priority] ([34]Checkpoint 4.2)
          Is there a correction wizard, or help documentation associated
          with accessibilty checking?.
          
   4.3 Allow the author to preserve markup not recognized by the tool.
          [Priority 2] ([35]Checkpoint 4.3)
          Make up some arbitrary source (or modify something existing by
          adding some garbage markup) and see if it can be imported and
          preserved (it is legitimate for the tool to refuse to process
          further...)
          
   4.4 Provide the author with a summary of the document's accessibility
          status. [Priority 3] ([36]Checkpoint 4.4)
          Yes/No test...
          
   4.5 Allow the author to transform [37]presentation markup that is
          misused to convey structure into [38]structural markup, and to
          transform presentation markup used for style into style sheets.
          [Priority 3] ([39]Checkpoint 4.5)
          Is there a way to transform markup that converts from styles to
          markup and presentation markup to style + structure markup?
          
  Guideline 5. Integrate accessibility solutions into the overall "look and
  feel".
  
    Checkpoints:
    
   5.1 Ensure that functionality related to [40]accessible authoring
          practices is naturally integrated into the overall look and
          feel of the tool. [Priority 2] ([41]Checkpoint 5.1)
          While testing other checkpoints, are the solutions part of the
          standard interface or do they require some other technique
          (source editing in a WYSIWYG tool, setting configuration
          options, ...
          
   5.2 Ensure that [42]accessible authoring practices supporting Web
          Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 [43][WCAG10] Priority 1
          checkpoints are among the most obvious and easily initiated by
          the author. [Priority 2] ([44]Checkpoint 5.2)
          Are the functions needed to meet WCAG P1 requirements in front
          of the author, or do you have
          
  Guideline 6. Promote accessibility in help and documentation.
  
    Checkpoints:
    
   6.1 Document all features that promote the production of accessible
          content. [Priority 1] ([45]Checkpoint 6.1)
          Check. This requires extensive knowledge of the tool and the
          documentation to do properly.
          
   6.2 Ensure that creating accessible content is a naturally integrated
          part of the documentation, including examples. [Priority 2]
          ([46]Checkpoint 6.2)
          Check the help examples against WCAG
          
   6.3 In a dedicated section, document all features of the tool that
          promote the production of accessible content. [Priority 3]
          ([47]Checkpoint 6.3)
          Is there an accessibility section in help? Is it complete?
          
  Guideline 7. Ensure that the authoring tool is accessible to authors with
  disabilities.
  
    Checkpoints:
    
   7.1 Use all applicable operating system and accessibility standards
          and conventions (Priority 1 for standards and conventions that
          are essential to accessibility; Priority 2 for those that are
          important to accessibility; Priority 3 for those that are
          beneficial to accessibility). ([48]Checkpoint 7.1)
          Any hints people?
          
   7.2 Allow the author to change the presentation within [49]editing
          views without affecting the document markup. [Priority 1]
          ([50]Checkpoint 7.2)
          Can the author add a user style sheet, or specify a
          presentation format other than the published format (e.g.
          disable the specified style sheets and inherit system values)?
          
   7.3 Allow the author to edit all [51]properties of each [52]element
          and object in an accessible fashion. [Priority 1]
          ([53]Checkpoint 7.3)
          Is there souirce editing available? Is there a property editor
          for elements which includes available attributes? (see also
          guideline 2)
          
   7.4 Ensure that the [54]editing view allows navigation via the
          structure of the document in an accessible fashion.
          [Priority 1] ([55]Checkpoint 7.4)
          Is it possible to move around the document element by element?
          
   7.5 Enable editing of the structure of the document in an accessible
          fashion. [Priority 2] ([56]Checkpoint 7.5)
          Can elements be cut/copied/pasted as elements?
          
   7.6 Allow the author to search within [57]editing views. [Priority 2]
          ([58]Checkpoint 7.6)
          Is there a search funstion?
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   [[59]contents]

References



Received on Tuesday, 27 June 2000 01:41:10 UTC

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