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Re: [ontac-forum] Semantics and Ontology ? and semiotics?

From: adasal <adam.saltiel@gmail.com>
Date: Sat, 27 May 2006 12:39:30 +0100
Message-ID: <e8aa138c0605270439qf2053carb7fbbf8a0ff81aec@mail.gmail.com>
To: editor@content-wire.com
Cc: semantic-web@w3.org, ontac-forum@colab.cim3.net
I also do not subscribe to ONTAC, and was sent these emails in the same way.
I usually don't cross post with a reply to all, because I assume people will
find it annoying to receive the same email twice through different routes.
On the whole I think people are entitled to expect posters keep to the point
of the group they post to.
Semweb has a similar charter which I'll look up too, if you like.
Academics have a great contribution to make, we couldn't progress without
them, but they also have the responsibility that comes with their privilege
in doing research, not to hide behind pseudo technical obscurities rather
than expounding their points clearly and concisely.
Adam


On 27/05/06, Pdm <editor@content-wire.com> wrote:
>
> Adam
>
> I think the first misunderstanding comes from the fact that I was not
> posting to Ontac direcly  by only in cc as a 'reply to all' button
> As it looks interesting I ll make sue I ll look up the site, and stick
> to the charter in the future when I post there.
>
> Just to get the rest of our spat into context: I made a simple
> observation whether 'semiotics' would be be more appropriate than
> 'semantic' in a given
> set of definitions that were being propagated. My post was a brief
> 'what if' questions and was not meant to be a complete accurate finite
> sound conclusive piece of philosophical  thinking.  Sorry I am violating
> any posting rules that I am not aware of.
>
> I think if its true the a distinction between semantics and semiotics
> could enhance our ontology (hypothesis) then my question is relvant to
> all knowledge domains.
> I will post cc Ontac whenever I have a full paper on that
>
> Hope to have more constructive exchanges in the future
>
>
> PDM
>
> > Actually I am all for conceptual freedom and lose language, but you
> > know this is like the criticism of Freud's free association: is it
> > really free?
> > As to the term inferior philosophy what I meant was doing philosophy
> > badly, not that, in this context, one philosophy is superior to
> > another. But I will stand by the idea that doing philosophy can be
> > done better or worse, my self I am terrible because I am not a
> > philosopher. But I think what is being done here is doing ONTAC badly,
> > should be done as philosophy and hopefully would be done better than
> > what so far seems to me to be of little philosophical promise, but
> > then, what do I know?
> > This is the ONTAC charter:-
> >
> >     • To keep each of its members aware of efforts similar to their
> >     own, so as to reduce duplicative effort and rapidly disseminate
> >     theoretical and practical knowledge about the creation and use of
> >     knowledge classification and representation systems, especially as
> >     related to governmental activities.    (2QP5)
> >     <
> http://colab.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?SICoP/OntologyTaxonomyCoordinatingWG#nid2QP5
> >
> >
> >
> >     • To promote interoperability by identifying common concepts among
> >     knowledge classifications developed by different groups, and by
> >     creating mappings:    (2QP6)
> >     <
> http://colab.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?SICoP/OntologyTaxonomyCoordinatingWG#nid2QP6
> >
> >
> >         * o from individual domain classifications to the common upper
> >           or mid-level ontologies;    (2QP7)
> >           <
> http://colab.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?SICoP/OntologyTaxonomyCoordinatingWG#nid2QP7
> >
> >
> >         * o from individual domain classifications to other domain
> >           classifications.    (2QP8)
> >           <
> http://colab.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?SICoP/OntologyTaxonomyCoordinatingWG#nid2QP8
> >
> >
> >     • To identify, create, and share programs that use knowledge
> >     classification systems, especially those that may help to evaluate
> >     and compare the functionality of classifications.    (2QP9)
> >     <
> http://colab.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?SICoP/OntologyTaxonomyCoordinatingWG#nid2QP9
> >
> >
> >     In support of these activities, the group will:    (2QPA)
> >     <
> http://colab.cim3.net/cgi-bin/wiki.pl?SICoP/OntologyTaxonomyCoordinatingWG#nid2QPA
> >
> >
> >     • Maintain, as a community, a common upper ontology and a set of
> >     contexts and mid-level ontologies which will provide a mechanism
> >     for resolution of questions as to which concepts in which
> >     classifications are: identical to; different from but consistent
> >     with; or logically incompatible with, those of other
> classifications;
> >
> > Perhaps you could explain to me how this investigation via "adaptable
> > boundaries to capture the essence of scientific truth" will lead to
> > any of the above aims and objectives, which seem to me to be quite
> > material goals.
> >
> >     demonstrated? you mean you want me to demostrate the relevance of
> >     philosophy to semantics? I am sure I have got a lot of catching up
> to
> >     do, and so do you
> >
> >
> > There is absolutely no doubt that I would have a lot of catching up to
> > do if that were my aim, but demonstrating the relevance of philosophy
> > to semantics is such a broad goal as to be really ludicrous. It is
> > pretty much the same, by analogy, as demonstrating the relevance of
> > wetness to water - there is a hell of a lot that can be said about it,
> > but at the same time one knows them to be inextricably bound and not
> > needing demonstration.
> > But you are avoiding the real issue which is how semantics can be
> > treated algorithmically, and that entails a very restricted sense of
> > semantics.
> > From above:-
> >
> >     the creation and use of knowledge classification and
> >     representation systems, especially as related to governmental
> >     activities.
> >
> >
> > I do not credit (any) government with great philosophical or
> > metaphysical drive, but I do think there is a job to be done. As I
> > say, show me I am wrong.
> >
> > You say:-
> >
> >     I think we should try not to mistake our own ignorance as other
> >     people'
> >     arrogance, especially when something does not appear relevant
> >     to us because we do not understand it and lack the appropriate
> >     references.
> >
> >
> > But I think there is an arrogance here. You seem to want to play this
> > both ways. On the one hand I am stiff, formal, seek references and
> > quotes that might stiffle free discussion, and I intimidate, on the
> > other you tell me that actually I am ignorant and that i can't follow
> > what others are saying.
> > Well I am telling you, you are failing to explain, you are failing to
> > make yourselves relevant and frankly, I think you are arrogant.
> >
> > Now, if we are talking philosophy, consider this:-
> >
> >     Charlotte asked:
> >     What is Frege's puzzle? Why did he reject the metalinguistic
> >     solution and change to reference and
> >     sense? What is his second solution and does it work any better
> >     than the first?
> >     and Alex asked:
> >     I'm writing an undergraduate essay about Frege, which is, "Is
> >     sense a semantic property of singular
> >     terms?" I would greatly appreciate any help on this subject as it
> >     is very difficult and I don't understand
> >     it!! Thank you.
> >
> >
> > Klempner's answer, delivered with refreshing clarity, a complete lack
> > of guile and a disarming straightforwardness can be found at this link.
> >
> http://www.philosophos.com/Knowledge_base/archives_9/philosophy_questions_913.html
> > It is highly relevant to this forum. As I suspect, from the point of
> > view of philosophy the semantic web is absurd because of the reduction
> > of the semantic value of names ( e.g. 'Bruce' or 'Geoffrey' in the
> > reference) to the object to which they refer. As yet, the enterprise
> > entailing "semantics" and machines is philosophically absurd, but i
> > don't think that's the discusion that will forward the aim of ONTAC,
> > nor especially important in the furtherance of those aims.
> > Machine "semantics" is not a full bodied semantics, surely we know that?
> > Why do I keep on refering to Klempner? Because I am slightly familiar
> > with his work and know he has made a life times work out of making
> > philosophy relevant and available to people, but without shirking
> > either the need for clarity or facing difficult issues.
> > I am within my rights to make such an appeal for clarity and facing
> > the issues here as the least I would expect in dealing with this
> > complex subject matter.
> > Adam
> >
> > On 26/05/06, *Pdm* <editor@content-wire.com
> > <mailto:editor@content-wire.com>> wrote:
> >
> >
> >     Adam!
> >     Sorry thate conceptual freedom and loose language  make you
> >     unconfortable. They too are necessary to research.
> >     I am not aware of any tight dialectic or rigid requirementes to
> >     post to
> >     this forum, but forgive me if I am mistaken
> >     Here I think we are trying to establish what is true, and and what
> >     constructs can best represent  that. Not easy.
> >     I am not sure I have got the right language, but I did not think
> >     someone
> >     in this forum could be so stiff /
> >     Apols -  PDM.
> >
> >     /*
> >
> >     *//*Speculation to the heretic, theology to the orthodox But the
> >     **dust
> >     of the **rose-**petal **belongs to the heart of the perfume-seller.
> */
> >     Ab_'l Fazl
> >
> >
> >
> >
> >     (continue not established dialectic)
> >
> >     I think we should try not to mistake our own ignorance as other
> >     people'
> >     arrogance, especially when something does not appear relevant
> >     to us because we do not understand it and lack the appropriate
> >     references. It happens to all of us,.
> >     A post in an intersciplinary forum - unless a clear and stated
> >     pre-requirement - does not have to adhere to the  specification you
> >     describe below to be a relevant contribution.
> >
> >     >
> >     > Is the interlocutor contributing anything new?
> >
> >     A new perspective? A new idea?A thought?  Is this relevant in your
> >     dimension?
> >
> >     > Are they offering a novel explanation that clarifies things for
> >     > people, maybe irrespective of their own level?
> >
> >     Maybe they are just asking a question, that will in turn lead to an
> >     explanation...or is this not allowed ?
> >
> >     > Do they draw on the accepted work of past experts who have built
> the
> >     > foundations to the field?
> >
> >     Maybe they will in the next post, if you don not intimidate them too
> >     much....
> >
> >     > Are their contribution pithy and to the point
> >
> >     Depending what metrics . I dont think yours is, on this occasion.
> >
> >     > Are they able to highlight explicit technical details in context
> and
> >     > with relevant examples?
> >
> >     Maybe yes, or maybe no - but they are under no obligation to do
> >     so.Maybe
> >     if you ask politely......:-)
> >
> >     >
> >     > If one is to speak of the foundations of the field I would expect
> >     > learned references to Frege, Russel, Peirce, Wittgenstein, Ayers,
> >     > Austin, Dummett, Grice and many others.
> >
> >     Exactly, many others. How much time have you got? I am rather busy
> >     today
> >     but maybe next time
> >     What about if I just mention the ones that I am familiar
> with?Problem
> >     with that?
> >
> >     > The point is that this is just not the forum for that, and what
> >     comes
> >     > across is inferior philosophy
> >
> >     Are you talking about mine being inferior, or yours?
> >
> >     > out of context of any established dialectic,
> >
> >     Established? I do not see anything set in stone yet, sorry. And I
> >     do not
> >     do dialectics, sorry
> >
> >     > foisted upon a reluctant audience.
> >
> >     you dont have to approve of all the posts that you dont  like -
> >
> >     > I don't think that anyone in this forum has so far demonstrated
> the
> >     > relevance of the philosophical investigation to the activity of
> >     > typical participants on this forum.
> >
> >     demonstrated? you mean you want me to demostrate the relevance of
> >     philosophy to semantics? I am sure I have got a lot of catching up
> to
> >     do, and so do you
> >
> >     > That is not to say it isn't relevant, but to establish this you
> >     would
> >     > have to adhere to a strict and well thought out regime.
> >
> >     Strict Regime? Ah, that's what you do, sorry I dont do too strict
> >     regimes these days.
> >     I think we need adaptable boundaries to capture the essence of
> >     scientific truth, but we can talk about it on a separate forum
> >     perhaps?
> >
> >
> >     > From that point of view there is a rational behind the BCNGroup.
> >     But I
> >     > remain sceptical. While Grice cuts to the quick, you may recollect
> >     > that he was notorious for a. succinct notation and b. a lack of
> >     > algorithms. b. simply wasn't part of his approach since he was
> >     > concerned with logical analysis. Unless the case can be made for
> >     > machine computation achieved on the basis of a broad logic but
> >     without
> >     > algorithms that can be reduced to binary logic then there seems
> >     to be
> >     > no immediate connection between these ruminations and the purpose
> of
> >     > this list. That means that the appropriate place for them is a
> >     > philosophical forum.
> >     > However, I think that they may well be shot down on such a forum.
> >     > Philosophers work hard at their statements, or else there is just
> no
> >     > point.
> >     > This is a taste of real philosophical dialectic, but open to
> >     anyone to
> >     > participate in (obviously a short extract, out of context):-
> >     >
> >     >     I was hoping that someone with expertise on Islamic philosophy
> >     >     would respond to a question which came in a whole month ago
> >     from a
> >     >     Ms Zahedi, a PhD student. She wants to know how one might
> >     compare
> >     >     the problem of essence in Frege (1848—1925) and the Islamic
> >     >     philosopher Avicenna (980—1037). My only clue, from an utterly
> >     >     impregnable article in the /Oxford Companion to Philosophy/ is
> >     >     that one of Avicenna's 'two best-known formulations' is:
> >     >
> >     >         *the ontological distinction between essence and
> >     existence, in
> >     >         which the essences of existing entities cannot be
> >     explained as
> >     >         actualized forms of their material potentialities without
> an
> >     >         existing cause whose existence, while coexistent with the
> >     >         caused and perceived essence, is prior in rank.*
> >     >
> >     >     I have read this extract a dozen times, and still it makes
> about
> >     >     as much sense to me as 'Twas brillig and the slithy toves
> >     did gyre
> >     >     and gimble in the wabe'. The author of the article, a
> >     certain Prof
> >     >     Hossein Ziai from UCLA, would evidently be the best person to
> >     >     answer Ms Zahedi's question — assuming, of course, that Prof
> >     Ziai
> >     >     knows somewhat more about Frege than I know about Avicenna.
> >     >
> >     >     But I've a good hunch what this is about. The essence of a
> >     thing,
> >     >     in Fregean terms, consists in the /concepts/ under which it
> >     falls.
> >     >     If you take a physical entity, say, an elephant, there is an
> >     >     open-ended list of concepts under which it might be
> classified:
> >     >     '_is an elephant', '_weighs over two tons', '_lives at London
> >     >     Zoo', '_likes apples' and so on. Suppose that you made up a
> long
> >     >     list. If you showed someone the list, they could still ask,
> >     'Does
> >     >     this entity which you have described /exist?/
> >     >
> >     >     Frege, following Kant, denied that existence is a concept
> under
> >     >     which some thing might, or might not fall. Existence is not a
> >     >     predicate.
> >     >
> >     > from http://www.pathways.plus.com/glasshouse/notebook/page72.html
> >     >  And about what philosophers expect of one another :-
> >     >
> >     >     Dummett has thought more deeply than most academic
> philosophers
> >     >     about the fundamental questions of the philosophy of logic
> >     and the
> >     >     philosophy of language. But his 'rules' theory of concepts is
> >     >     wrong (in my view). Since most philosophers' theories are
> wrong,
> >     >     that is the least serious criticism one could make of him as a
> >     >     philosopher! The theory itself poses little threat, largely
> >     >     because so few persons are able to really understand it!
> (myself
> >     >     included, at least on some days).
> >     >
> >     >     I did have the opportunity to put my objection to Dummett's
> >     >     account of the mechanism of the criticism of concepts in
> >     terms of
> >     >     changing the 'rules for use' directly to him at a seminar in
> >     >     Oxford once. His response was along the lines of, 'I don't
> know
> >     >     what to say about that.' It is a measure of his elevated
> stature
> >     >     (the 'seminar' was more like a lecture audience packed with
> dons
> >     >     and graduate students) that he could get away with that reply!
> >     >
> >     > from http://www.pathways.plus.com/glasshouse/notebook/page72.html
> >     >
> >     > I would say that, by any one's standards, this manner of
> >     expression is
> >     > open, appealing and intelligible. But it invites a thinking
> process
> >     > that doesn't quite fit in this forum, or any forum I am aware of
> >     with
> >     > a technical bent.
> >     > I do not think, by way of contrast, that the vague, obscure and
> >     > impenetrable qualifies for inclusion in this forum just because it
> >     > seems to be touching on issues addressed here by way of common
> >     > concepts such as ontology and so forth. I think it just
> >     qualifies as
> >     > bad philosophy with all the arrogance that implies.
> >     >
> >     > Adam Saltiel
> >     >
> >     > On 25/05/06, * Pdm* <editor@content-wire.com
> >     <mailto:editor@content-wire.com>
> >     > <mailto: editor@content-wire.com
> >     <mailto:editor@content-wire.com>>> wrote:
> >     >
> >     >
> >     >     Azamat
> >     >     thanks a lot for the interesting and detailed exposition
> >     below, from
> >     >     which I learn
> >     >
> >     >     Maybe because I have studied with a leading semiologist (
> >     Umberto
> >     >     Eco),
> >     >     but I would argue that what you refer to in parts of your
> >     definition
> >     >     below woudl be best called semiotics (science of signes and
> >     >     symbols) and
> >     >     not semantics.
> >     >     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semiotics
> >     >     <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semiotics>
> >     >
> >     >     To me semantics is the meaning of words, and semiotis is the
> >     >     meaning of
> >     >     non verbal communication, ie signs and symbols
> >     >     Please correct me where I am wrong,
> >     >
> >     >     Paola Di Maio
> >     >
> >     >     > Ken,
> >     >     > Essentially determining the nature of meaning (and
> >     >     significance), this
> >     >     > matter is the core issue not only for a unified computing
> >     >     ontology but
> >     >     > also for the machine processed semantics, the key element
> >     of the
> >     >     > semantic web. For signs (as the words of different
> languages)
> >     >     must be
> >     >     > related to concepts and ontological entities only by a
> >     many-to-one
> >     >     > relationship: from the words of natural languages (or the
> >     symbols of
> >     >     > formal ontology languages) to the concepts of the mind (the
> >     >     constructs
> >     >     > of knowledge machines) to the categories of ontology (the
> >     kinds of
> >     >     > things in the world). As an example, consider the class of
> >     >     > relationship, which can expressed by as many names as
> >     'connection',
> >     >     > 'association', 'link', 'reference', 'regard', 'tie',
> >     'bond'; or
> >     >     > indicated by as many verbs as 'to relate', 'associate',
> link',
> >     >     'link
> >     >     > up', 'connect', 'tie-in', 'colligate', 'refer', pertain',
> >     'concern',
> >     >     > 'bear on', etc. Or, take the class of events expressed by
> >     as many
> >     >     > words as 'happening', 'occurrence', 'occurrent',
> >     'contingency',
> >     >     > 'outcome', 'effect', 'issue', 'upshot', 'result', etc. For
> >     instance,
> >     >     > the process (event) of fire is that significance which the
> >     name
> >     >     'fire'
> >     >     > has when it denotes the natural phenomenon. There is a
> >     plenty of
> >     >     > natural languages using their specific signs for this
> process,
> >     >     > nevertheless having always the same signification, since
> >     the concept
> >     >     > of fire is the same and the human experience is the same,
> >     >     regardless
> >     >     > of its numerous expressions in different natural or
> artificial
> >     >     > languages: 'fire', 'Feuer', 'ogon', etc..
> >     >     >
> >     >     > So, semantic system may be constructed as a formal
> >     semantics or as a
> >     >     > more comprehensive and consistent, real world semantics;
> >     namely:
> >     >     >
> >     >     > **
> >     >     >
> >     >     > *Formal Semantic System = sign (symbol) system (the SW
> >     >     languages, XML,
> >     >     > RDF, OWL) + axioms (mathematical or formal logical) +
> >     designation
> >     >     > rules (the semantic function from the set of language
> >     >     expressions into
> >     >     > the collection of constructs)*
> >     >     >
> >     >     > *Real Semantic System = sign (symbol) system + axioms
> >     (ontological,
> >     >     > mathematical, formal logical) + designation rules + semantic
> >     >     > assumptions (the reference function from constructs to
> >     real objects
> >     >     > cum the representation function from constructs to the state
> >     >     spaces of
> >     >     > the world) (ontological entities).*
> >     >     >
> >     >     > Thus, unlike the formal Semantic Web, the real Semantic
> >     Web includes
> >     >     > the correspondence (reification) rules from constructs to
> real
> >     >     world
> >     >     > entities (semantic assumptions), which parallels the
> semantic
> >     >     systems
> >     >     > of natural and social sciences.
> >     >     >
> >     >     > As a consequence, the Real Semantic Web (or the world wide
> >     >     intelligent
> >     >     > Web) as the pinnacle of ontological semantic technology
> >     involves a
> >     >     > grand trio of knowledge domains making the Knowledge
> Trinity:
> >     >     >
> >     >     > 1. The world science of Ontology caring the real entities,
> >     >     underlying
> >     >     > constraints, principles, truths, and strategic rules;
> >     >     >
> >     >     > 2. Semantics managing the whole works of meanings;
> >     >     >
> >     >     > 3. Syntax doing business with languages, the signs, and
> >     the rules of
> >     >     > meaningful constructions.
> >     >     >
> >     >     > As in the Holy Trinity, each member of the Knowledge
> >     Trinity has
> >     >     its
> >     >     > unique goal and role. The goal of ontology is to formulate
> the
> >     >     overall
> >     >     > patterns and fundamental laws of the universe, while its
> >     role is to
> >     >     > set the world models, rules, and reasoning algorithms for
> >     advanced
> >     >     > information technology. Syntax supplies the totality of
> signs,
> >     >     marks,
> >     >     > and expressions as formal or natural languages with their
> >     operation,
> >     >     > formation and transformation rules. Semantics is aimed to
> >     provide a
> >     >     > general theory of meaning relations between signs,
> >     constructs and
> >     >     > things, assigning signification to syntactic structures
> >     and meanings
> >     >     > to conceptual structures. So, semantics integrates the
> >     totality of
> >     >     > signs, signals or symbols, the domain of knowledge, and
> >     the universe
> >     >     > of ontological entities and relationships into a
> >     comprehensive
> >     >     > knowledge and reasoning context (a unified ontology
> >     framework),
> >     >     > serving as the world modeling framework for all sorts of
> >     emerging
> >     >     > intellectual information and communications technologies.
> >     >     >
> >     >     > Azamat Abdoullaev
> >     >     > http://www.eis.com.cy <http://www.eis.com.cy>
> >     >     > ----- Original Message -----
> >
> >     >
> >     >
> >     >
> >     >
> >
> >
>
>
Received on Saturday, 27 May 2006 11:39:58 UTC

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